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Why does Beijing Risk Hong Kong’s Future as a Global Financial Center?

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The new security law which punishes criticism of Beijing, is a threat to the financial center and the beginning of the end of globalization as we know it.

Questions to Heribert Dieter, visiting professor in Hong Kong.

Deutsche Welle: Mr. Dieter, you are currently in Berlin, and if everything goes according to your plan, you will continue your visiting professorship in Hong Kong in September. What is the mood like among your colleagues there?

Heribert Dieter: Bad. Some continue as before without worrying about the security law but it remains to be seen whether this is possible but others are very depressed and find that a totalitarian regime has come to them overnight.

How important is the Hong Kong financial center for China?

Hong Kong is the only financial center in the People’s Republic of China that has no restrictions on the movement of capital. That means foreign and Chinese capital can be be transferred in and out of Hong Kong without any restrictions. In Hong Kong, companies can issue bonds denominated in Euros, Dollars or Yen to meet their financing needs.

If this were no longer possible, Chinese companies would have to borrow in the local currency, the Yuan. This has serious disadvantages as the yuan is not freely convertible, so you can’t buy companies in an OECD country with Chinese Yuan. In addition, the interest rate level for loans in Yuan is much higher than for loans in US Dollars, Euros or  the Japanese Yen.

On top of that, private companies in mainland China have been marginalized as borrowers during the era of President Xi Jinping. Almost 90 percent of the new loans go to state-owned companies and this is fatal for the Chinese economy, because private companies in particular are innovative and productive and bring the country forward economically. So there is every indication that the Hong Kong financial center is essential for mainland China in its current form.

Germany Kuka robot at the Porsche plant in Leipzig (picture alliance / dpa / J. Woitas)Kuka robots at the Porsche plant in Leipzig. The takeover of Kuka by Midea from China in 2016 caused a stir in Germany

In recent years, Chinese companies have also been shopping in Germany and have taken over many companies. Wouldn’t that be possible without the Hong Kong financial center?

Such acquisitions would at least be extremely difficult because of the lack of funds. Over the past few years we have seen Chinese companies with full bags of money, buying companies and pay prices that were simply astronomical for competitors from OECD countries. Without Hong Kong, they would have to get the money elsewhere but who in New York, London or Frankfurt would provide companies from mainland China with such funds?

Conversely, Hong Kong is also important for western companies and banks. What is the meaning here?

That is the other side of the coin. The western banks can serve the Chinese market from there without having to subject their employees to the disadvantageous living conditions in mainland China. Hong Kong was the best of both worlds: gateway to the world from the perspective of Chinese companies, and gateway to China for western companies. All of this is now endangered by the Security Act because it makes working conditions in banks and companies significantly more difficult.

The law is – well aware – very vague. Basically, it criminalizes everyone who, according to the authorities, is too critical of the leadership. Can this already affect the work of financial analysts in Hong Kong that for example, pass a negative judgment on a state company?

This is exactly the risk for bank employees who have to evaluate the Chinese economy. They run the risk of being charged with subversive activities and in the worst case, being put in prison. At the moment it is not clear how the government will handle this but the law does allow it. From Beijing’s point of view, this is what makes the law so appealing: you do not specify exactly what is punishable.

This also applies to bank employees which also means that a sensible assessment of the Chinese economy can no longer take place if you are no longer allowed to express yourself critically, but have to tune to the cheering messages of the Communist Party in Beijing.

Heribert Dieter Economic Expert Science and Politics FoundationThis year guest professor at Hong Kong University: Heribert Dieter from the Berlin Science and Politics Foundation

Conversely, there have already been reports that western banks in Hong Kong are separating from customers who are too critical of Beijing.

The new law affects banks directly. The Asia chief of the Hong Kong Shanghai Banking Corporation (HSBC) welcomed the law before he even knew it in detail and university presidents did the same, but it is clear that the banks have to implement what constitutes the law which means that regime critics can no longer have a bank  account with HSBC.

These are very dangerous developments that many people did not expect and they are a major threat to the future of Hong Kong as an international financial center.

Nevertheless, banks are reluctant to criticize and Western financial institutions are unlikely to voluntarily withdraw from Hong Kong but what would happen if they had to withdraw, for example under sanctions?

There are already indications that banks are voluntarily withdrawing from Hong Kong. Deutsche Bank’s new Asia chief takes office in September and traditionally, this function was based in Hong Kong. That has now changed and the new Asia chief has his office in Singapore. These are the first indications that there may be a migration from Hong Kong as they want to be able to speak freely and openly with a beer at a pub in the evening.

So far they could do this in Hong Kong, but not now anymore. They also have families who value uncensored internet which also might get restricted in Hong Kong and the big winners will be Singapore or Tokyo,

Hong Kong Building of the Bank of China, Cheung Kong Center and HSBC (AFP / Getty Images / M. Clarke)Building of the Legislative Council, the Hong Kong Parliament (center). Top managers at Bank HSBC (right) welcomed the security law before it was passed

The conflict between the United States and China continues to worsen and how likely do you think sanctions will be put toward Hong Kong’s financial sector?

The U.S. government is ready to get tough on China. Since July 1, the United States has gradually restricted the special status that Hong Kong has enjoyed since 1997. What would happen if the US government now prohibited Hong Kong from freely trading the US dollar? This is certainly something that is currently being discussed in Washington, however this would also hit US companies hard.

Hong Kong is so attractive as a financial center because the local currency, the Hong Kong dollar, is more or less firmly linked to the US dollar. This means that there is almost no exchange rate risk for companies and players in the financial markets and switching to the Chinese Yuan would make everything difficult and expensive.

Combo picture Xi Jinping and Deng Xiao PingChina’s economic opening began under Deng Xiaoping (right). What is Xi Jinping’s course?

Given the enormous importance of the financial center for Beijing, which you have just described, why is the Chinese government putting all this at risk by enforcing this security law in Hong Kong?

That is one of the most difficult questions and I think about it a lot. Why is the government in Beijing currently ready to seek conflict with almost all actors from Australia to India, the United States and even at some point  to the European Union.

This only makes sense if China is decoupling from the world and a central strategy of the Communist Party. China might retreat to its own territory, as was mostly the case in 5000 years of Chinese history. The opening of the country that Deng Xiaoping initiated in the late 1970s would be the exception.

But that’s just a guess. There is no document to prove this but the policy actually observed by the Chinese government suggests this interpretation.

That would be the end of globalization as we know it.

It would be the end of globalization as we have known it so far, but of course it would not be the end of globalization. Globalization is changing anyway, not only because of Xi Jinping, but because China has become too expensive as a production location. The conflicts between the United States and China and between China and the rest of the world are fueling these tendencies. But in my opinion, the international division of labor has too many advantages to be given up entirely. Globalization will change, but it will not end, but China will no longer play the role it has played in the past 20 to 30 years.

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Hong Kong

Tony Chung : First Arrests under new Security Law in Hong Kong

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The former leader of a student group in Hong Kong has been arrested – 19-year-old Tony Chung is accused of attempting to separate Hong Kong from China.

For the first time several activists in Hong Kong have been arrested under the controversial new security law according to media reports. Former student leader Tony Chung and three of his fellow campaigners have been detained on charges of seeking independence from China, according to local media reports.

19-year-old Chung was arrested at home by police officers from China.

All those arrested are between 16 and 21 years old.

In a television report, former fellow campaigners from Chung reported that the police had taken trash from his home.

The new law passed in June, which has been heavily criticized in western countries, punishes separatism, terrorism and cooperation with a foreign powers.

It also allows Chinese security forces to be deployed in the former British crown colony. Hong Kong has been part of China again since 1997 , but is managed according to the “one country, two systems” principle with its own rules for business and politics.

Critics now fear an end to this principle, that granted citizens more rights than in mainland China.

Great Britain and its Anglo-Saxon partners the US, Canada and New Zealand have ended their extradition agreements with Hong Kong because of the security law. The United States  imposed sanctions on China . China responded with countermeasures .

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Changes to the HK Exchange : Why shares of Alibaba, Xiaomi & Co. could rise soon

Wolfgang Holzem

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Washington is considering to throw Chinese companies from the New York Stock Exchange but this in not good for Alibaba & Co.’s share prices, however Hongkong Stock Exchange just announced that tech companies can list on the Hang Seng Index.

For Hong Kong companies that have their primary exchange abroad, there has so far been no possibility of being included in the country’s leading Hang Seng index. Now changes have been decided and giants like Alibaba & Xiaomi might move to the HSI.

hongkong1000x600

Alibaba, Xiaomoi & Co. soon on Hang Seng?

After 50 years, Hang Seng index will open to companies that have their primary listings abroad or that have two different share classes. As the index operator announced, companies from Greater China with a secondary listing in Hong Kong and companies with two share classes with different voting rights will be included in the index from August with a weighting limit of 5%.

Chinese tech giants such as the retail group Alibaba, the smartphone manufacturer Xiaomi and Meituan Dianping could then become members of the stock index, which is currently dominated by financial service providers and giants like CK Hutchison.

“Local indices such as Hang Seng are not believed to reflect opportunities,” said Reuters Michael Lai, portfolio manager for Chinese stocks at Franklin Templeton. The potential inclusion of the tech giants “would be a reflection of the development of Chinese markets and companies,” the expert continued.

Break through the dominance of financial service providers

The index is currently dominated by finance and  insurers and real estate developers.

The trading giant Alibaba, which is first listed in New York could generate around 13 billion dollars in a second listing in Hong Kong, as well as Xiaomi and Meituan, which are first listed in Hong Kong but have different classes of shares and it could also be positive for JD.com that wants to be listed in Hong Kong.

With the inclusion of major tech giants in the index, the Hang Seng could end its under-performance on other benchmark indices. Hong Kong’s leading index has lost around 16 percent in value over the past twelve months. The Shanghai Composite lost just 2.6 percent over the same period, while the US Dow Jones index lost 3.5 percent and the S&P 500 even 5.5 percent.

For companies such as Alibaba & Co., inclusion in the index could provide support for the price development of the shares, because in this case index funds would be forced to buy shares in order to be able to reflect the funds aligned with the index accordingly.

Morgan Stanley analysts expect passive fund inflows of $ 3.7 billion.

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233 Parliamentarians from 26 countries decry ‘flagrant breach of the Sino-British Joint Declaration

Wolfgang Holzem

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A cross-party international coalition of 233 parliamentarians and policymakers from 26 countries today issued a statement decrying Beijing’s ‘unilateral introduction of national security legislation in Hong Kong,’ and calling for sympathetic governments to unite against this ‘flagrant breach of the Sino-British Joint Declaration’.

Led by the former Governor of Hong Kong, Lord Patten, and the former UK Foreign Secretary, Sir Malcolm Rifkind, the coalition comprises of a depth of expertise and experience including former prime ministers, foreign secretaries, defence ministers, prominent legal and human rights experts, diplomats, Senators, and Members of Parliament.

Lord Patten of Barnes said: “The statement shows growing and widespread international outrage at the decision by the Chinese government to unilaterally impose national security legislation in Hong Kong. The breadth of support, which spans all political parties and four continents, reflects both the severity of the situation and ongoing unified international support for the principle of one-country, two-systems.”

Signatories include three former UK foreign secretaries, two former Leaders of the UK Conservative Party and two former speakers of the House of Commons, and the former UK Deputy Prime Minister. It was signed by two former European Prime Ministers, as well as by the Chairs of the Foreign Affairs Committees of the United States, UK, Australia and New Zealand, leading Green Party Members from around the world, and all the Liberal Democrats in the UK House of Commons.

In the United States, it was signed by the Chairs of three separate House of Representatives Committees, as well as both co-chairs of the Congressional Executive Commission on China, and the ranking member of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee. In Canada, it was signed by senior members of the Shadow Cabinet, leadership challenger Erin O’Toole and Senator Jim Munson. 20 Australians co-signed, and 9 German members were represented. There is considerable representation in Asia including the Chair of ASEAN Parliamentarians for Human Rights. Diplomats represented included Britain’s former Ambassador to the UN, and former Ambassador to the US, as well as South Korea’s former human rights ambassador

Commenting on the publication of the international statement, Senator Marco Rubio, the Acting Chair of the US Senate Intelligence Committee said: “Through this letter, legislators from many democracies are uniting to express their support for Hong Kong’s autonomy and Hong Kongers. Our words must be met with actions and our governments should remain vigilant and ready to respond to Beijing’s violations of the Sino- British Joint Declaration.”

Senator Robert Menendez, the Ranking Member of the U.S. Senate Foreign Relations committee, added, “Today we are all Hong Kongers. All those who support and respect international law, norms and behavior, and who support the people of Hong Kong and their legitimate aspirations for their autonomy, their human rights, and their democratic freedoms under ‘one country, two systems,’ have a responsibility to speak out today and make clear that Beijing’s behavior in unacceptable.”

Former UK Foreign Secretary and Hong Kong Watch Patron, Sir Malcolm Rifkind said: “This is the most serious threat to the people of Hong Kong that there has been from the Chinese Government since 1997. The people of Hong Kong need, and deserve, our support”

Hong Kong Watch’s co-founder and Chair, Benedict Rogers said:

“The death of democracy in Hong Kong should be of grave concern to us all. We hope that this international statement from policymakers across the political and geographic divide will send a clear message to Beijing that the world will not meekly consent to the dismantling of the ‘One, Country Two Systems’ Model overnight.”

Joint Statement from 233 Signatories

We, the co-signed, write to express grave concerns about the unilateral introduction of national security legislation by Beijing in Hong Kong.

This is a comprehensive assault on the city’s autonomy, rule of law, and fundamental freedoms. The integrity of one-country, two-systems hangs by a thread.

It is the genuine grievances of ordinary Hong Kongers that are driving protests. Draconian laws will only escalate the situation further, jeopardising Hong Kong’s future as an open Chinese international city.

If the international community cannot trust Beijing to keep its word when it comes to Hong Kong, people will be reluctant to take its word on other matters. Sympathetic governments must unite to say that this flagrant breach of the Sino-British Joint Declaration cannot be tolerated.

Alphabetical list of signatories

Rt. Hon Lord Patten of Barnes, former Governor of Hong Kong

Rt. Hon Sir Malcolm Rifkind, former Foreign Secretary and Defence Secretary:

USA

Members of the Senate

Senator Benjamin L Cardin, Ranking Member of the Senate Small Business Committee

Senator Ted Cruz, Member of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee

Senator Josh Hawley

Senator Edward J Markey, Ranking Member of the Subcommittee on East Asia, the Pacific, and International Cybersecurity Policy

Senator Robert Menendez, Ranking Member, Senate Foreign Relations Committee

Senator Marco Rubio, Acting Chair of the Senate Intelligence Committee

Members of the House of Representatives

Congressman Robert B Aderholt

Congressman Ami Bera, Chairman of the Subcommittee on Asia, the Pacific, and Non-proliferation, House Foreign Affairs Committee

Congressman Joaquin Castro, Vice Chairman of the US House of Representatives Committee on Foreign Affairs

Congressman Eliot L Engel, Chairman of US House of Representatives Committee on Foreign Affairs

Congressman Mike Gallagher

Congressman Vicky Hartzler

Congressman Michael T McCaul, ranking member of US House of Representatives Committee on Foreign Affairs

Congressman James McGovern, co-chair of the Congressional Executive Commission on China

Congressman Adam B Schiff, Chairman of the US House Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence

Congressman Adam Smith, Chairman of US House of Representatives Committee on Armed Services

Congressman Christopher Smith, former Chair of the House Veterans’ Affairs Committee

Congressman Tom Suozzi

Congressman Ted Yoho, ranking member of the Subcommittee on Asia, the Pacific, and Non-proliferation, US House of Representatives Committee on Foreign Affairs

Former Ambassadors

Grover Joseph Rees, former USA Ambassador to East Timor

Academic

Professor Jerome A. Cohen, Professor of law at New York University School of Law, founding director of its US-Asia Law Institute and adjunct senior fellow at the Council on Foreign Relations

NGO

Garry Kasparov, Chairman of Human Rights Foundation

UK

Members of Parliament

Debbie Abrahams MP, former Shadow Secretary of State for Work and Pensions

Gareth Bacon MP

Andrew Bowie MP

Andrew Bridgen MP

Anthony Browne MP

Fiona Bruce MP, Chair of the Conservative Party Human Rights Commission

Chris Bryant MP, Member of the UK Foreign Affairs Committee

Alistair Carmichael MP, Liberal Democrats Foreign Affairs Spokesman

Wendy Chamberlain MP

Sarah Champion MP, Chair of the International Development Committee

Daisy Cooper MP

Rt. Hon Ed Davey MP, Leader of the Liberal Democrats and former Secretary of State for Energy and Climate Change

Geraint Davies MP

Dehenna Davison MP

Peter Dowd MP, former Shadow Chief Secretary to the Treasury

Tim Farron MP, former Leader of the Liberal Democrats

Simon Fell MP

Rt. Hon Liam Fox MP, former Defence Secretary and International Trade Secretary

Rt. Hon Damian Green MP, former Deputy Prime Minister and Minister for the Cabinet Office

Jonathan Gullis MP

Andrew Gwynne MP, former Shadow Secretary of State for Communities and Local Government

Antony Higginbotham MP

Wera Hobhouse MP

Kevin Hollinrake MP

Christine Jardine MP

Imran Khan MP

Daniel Kawczynski MP

Craig Mackinlay MP

Paul Maynard MP

Stewart M McDonald MP, Member of the UK Foreign Affairs Committee

Gagan Mohindra MP

Layla Moran MP

Kieran Mullen MP

Sarah Olney MP

Tom Randall MP

Rob Roberts MP

Bob Seely MP, Member of the UK Foreign Affairs Committee

Andrew Selous MP

Rt. Hon Sir Iain Duncan Smith MP, former Secretary of State for Work and Pensions and Leader of the Conservative Party

Alyn Smith MP, SNP spokesman for International Affairs

Jamie Stone MP

Tom Tugendhat MP, Chair of the Foreign Affairs Select Committee

Jamie Wallis MP

James Wild MP

Munira Wilson MP

Members of the House of Lords

Lord Alton of Liverpool

Rt. Hon. Lord Adnois

Baroness Bennett of Manor Castle, former Leader of the Green Party

Rt. Hon Baroness Boothroyd of Sandwell, former Speaker of the House of Commons

Lord Hannay of Chiswick, former UK Ambassador to the United Nations

Baroness Harris of Richmond

Lord Hogan-Howe of Sheffield, former Metropolitan Police Commissioner

Rt. Hon Lord Howard of Lympne, former Home Secretary and Leader of the Conservative Party

Baroness Kennedy QC of the Shaws

Rt. Hon Lord King of Bridgewater, former Defence Secretary and Northern Ireland Secretary

Lord Ricketts, former Permanent Secretary at the Foreign and Commonwealth Office and former Chairman of the Joint Intelligence Committee

Former Members of Parliament

Rt. Hon John Bercow, former Speaker of the House of Commons and former MP

Rt. Hon David Miliband, former Foreign Secretary and MP

Rt. Hon Rory Stewart, former Secretary of State for International Development and former MP

Rt. Hon Jack Straw, former Foreign Secretary, Home Secretary, and Justice Secretary and former MP

Former Ambassadors

Sir David Manning, former UK Ambassador to the United States of America

Members of the Scottish Parliament

Ross Greer MSP, Scottish Green External Affairs Spokesperson

Priest

Fr Timothy Radcliffe, former Master of the Dominican Order Worldwide

EU

Former EU Special Envoys

Jan Figel, former Deputy Prime Minister of Slovakia and EU Special Envoy for Promotion Freedom of Religion or Belief outside of the EU

Members of the European Parliament

Petras Austrevicuis MEP (Renew Europe, Lithuania)

Jose Ramon Bauza Diaz MEP (Renew Europe, Spain)

Francois-Xavier Bellamy MEP (European People’s Party, France)

Vladimír Bilčík MEP (European People’s Party, Slovakia)

Reinhard Buetikofer MEP (Greens, Germany)

Katalin Cseh MEP (Renew Europe, Hungary)

Pascal Durand MEP (Renew Europe, France)

Engin Eroglu MEP (Renew Europe, Germany)

Anna Fotyga MEP, (European Conservatives & Reformists) Poland former Foreign Secretary of Poland

Michael Gahler MEP (European People’s Party, Germany)

Evelyne Gebhardt MEP (Socialists & Democrats, Germany)

Raphaël Glucksmann MEP (Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats, France)

Markéta Gregorová MEP (Greens, Czech Republic)

Bernard Guetta MEP (Renew Europe, France)

Heidi Hautala MEP, Vice President of the European Parliament (Greens/European Free Alliance, Finland)

Rasa Jukneviciene MEP, (European People’s Party, Lithuania) former Minister of Defence of Lithuania and former President of the NATO Parliamentary Assembly

Eugen Jurzyca MEP (European Conservatives & Reformists, Slovakia)

Karin Karlsbro MEP (Renew Europe, Sweden)

Moritz Körner MEP (Renew Europe, Germany)

Andrius Kibilius MEP (European People’s Party, Lithuania), former Prime Minister of Lithuania

David Lega MEP (European People’s Party, Sweden)

Miriam Lexmann MEP (European People’s Party, Slovakia)

Javier Nart MEP (Renew Europe, Spain)

Lucia Ďuriš Nicholsonová MEP (European Conservatives & Reformists, Slovakia)

Niklas Nienaß MEP (Greens, Germany), Coordinator in the Committee on Regional Development, Member of the Committee on Culture and Education

Urmas Paet MEP (Renew Europe, Estonia), former Foreign Secretary of Estonia

Guliano Pisapia MEP (Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats, Italy)

Peter Pollák MEP (European People’s Party, Slovakia)

Michaela Šojdrová MEP (European People’s Party, Czech Republic)

Ivan Štefanec MEP (European People’s Party, Slovakia)

Hermann Tertsch MEP, (European Conservatives and Reformists Group, Spain)

Romana Tomc MEP (European People’s Party, Slovenia)

Hilde Vautmans MEP (Renew Europe, Belgium)

Guy Verhofstadt MEP (Renew Europe, Belgium), former Prime Minister of Belgium

Germany

Margarete Bause MP, Green Party Spokeswoman for Human Rights and Humanitarian Aid

Dr Danyal Bayaz MP

Peter Heidt MP

Eckhard Gnodtke MP

Gyde Jensen MP, the Chair of the Human Rights and Humanitarian Aid Committee

Frank Müller-Rosentritt, MdB

Martin Patzelt MP, member of the Human Rights and Humanitarian Aid Committee

Jürgen Trittin MP, former leader of the Greens and former Minister for the Environment, Nature Conservation, and Nuclear Safety

Sweden

Joar Forssell MP

Hampus Hagman MP

David Josefsson MP

Kerstin Lundgren MP

Frederik Malm MP

Niels Paarup-Petersen MP

Lorentz Tovatt MP

Denmark

Viggo Fischer MP

Ireland

Senator Ronan Mullen

Lithuania

Mantas Adomenas MP

Arvydas Anusauskas MP

Audronius Azubalis MP, former Minister of Foreign Affairs

Laurynas Kasciunas MP

Gabrielius Landsbergis MP

Radvilė Morkunaite-Mikuleniene MP

Emanuelis Zingeris MP, Chair of the Subcommittee on Transatlantic Relations and Democratic Development

Žygimantas Pavilionis MP, former Ambassador of Lithuania to the United States of America

Slovakia

Members of Parliament

Alojz Baránik MP

Ján Benčík MP

Peter Cmorej MP

Ondrej Dostál MP

Gábor Grendel MP, Deputy Speaker

Jarmila Halgašová MP

Radovan Kazda MP

Miroslav Kollár MP

Vladimíra Marcinková MP

Peter Osuský MP

Peter Pollák MP

Juraj Šeliga MP, Deputy Speaker

Andrej Stančík MP

Romana Tabák MP

Marián Viskupič MP

Anna Zemanová MP

Miroslav Žiak MP

Jana Žitňanská MP

Former Member of Parliament

František Šebej, former MP and Chair of the Foreign Affairs Committee

Czech Republic

Jan Lipavsky MP

Canada

Members of Parliament

Leona Alleslev, Deputy Leader of the Conservative Party and Shadow Minister of Foreign Affairs

Michael Barrett MP, Shadow Minister for Ethics

James Bezan, MP, Shadow Minister for National Defence

Kenny Chiu MP

Ed Fast MP, Former Minister of International Trade

Garnett Genuis MP, Shadow Minister for Multiculturalism & Canada-China Relations

Pat Kelly MP

Hon. Peter Kent MP, Former Minister of Environment

Erin O’Toole MP, Former Minister for Veterans Affairs

Jeremy Patzer MP

John Williamson MP

Members of the Senate

Senator Leo Housakos, former Speaker of the Senate

Senator Jim Munson

Senator Thanh Hai Ngo

Former Ministers

Irwin Colter, former Minister of Justice and Attorney General

David Kilgour, former Canadian Secretary of State for Asia-Pacific and former MP

Peter Mackay, former Minister of Foreign Affairs Canada

Former Premiers

Bob Rae, former Premier of Ontario and Federal MP

Malaysia

Andrew Khoo, Advocate and Solicitor, High Court of Malaya in Malaysia, former Co-Chair of the Human Rights Committee, Bar Council Malaysia

The Hon. Senator P. Waytha Moorthy

Charles Santiago MP, Chair of ASEAN Parliamentarians for Human Rights

Myanmar

U Kyaw Min San, Member of the Bago Regional Parliament and former legal adviser to the International Commission of Jurists Office

South Korea

Jin-Tae Kim, Member of the National Assembly and former Prosecutor (Chief of the Wonju Public Prosecutor’s Office)

Jung-Hoon Lee, former Ambassador for Human Rights

Yanghee Lee, former UN Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Myanmar; former Chairperson of UN Committee on the Rights of the Child; Professor at Sungkyunkwan University South Korea

Kyung Won Na, member of the National Assembly and former Chair of the Foreign Relations and Unification Committee and floor leader of the main opposition party

Wonsik Shin, Member-elect of the National Assembly and retired Lieutenant General of the ROK Army

India

Dr John Dayal, former President of the All India Catholic Union and Member of the National Integration Council

Indonesia

Rafendi Djamin, former Representative of Indonesia to the ASEAN Inter-Governmental Commission on Human Rights

Yuyun Wahyuningrum, Representative of Indonesia to the ASEAN Inter-Governmental Commission on Human Rights

Japan

Hiroshi Yamada, Member, House of Councilors of Japan

Shiori Yamao, Member, House of Representatives of Japan

Australia

Members of Parliament

Kevin Andrews MP, Former Australian Defence Minister, Chairman of the Human Rights sub-committee of the Australian Parliamentary Committee on Foreign Affairs, Defence, and Trade

George Christensen MP, Chair, Parliamentary Joint Standing Committee on Trade and Investment Growth

Andrew Hastie MP, Chairman of the Parliamentary Joint Committee for Intelligence and Security, Australia

Ian Goodenough MP

Peter Khalil MP, Member of the Joint Standing Committee on Foreign Affairs, Defence, and Trade

Dr Daniel Mulino MP, Member for Fraser

Dave Sharma MP

Phillip Thompson MP, Member of the Joint Standing Committee on Foreign Affairs, Defence and Trade

Tim Wilson MP

Members of the Senate

Senator Eric Abetz, former Leader of the Government in the Senate

Senator Alex Antic

Senator Slade Brockman

Senator Matthew Canavan, former Minister for Resources

Senator Claire Chandler

Senator David Fawcett, Chair of the Joint Standing Committee Foreign Affairs, Defence, and Trade, former Assistant Minister for Defence

Senator Kimberley Kitching, Shadow Assistant Minister for Government Accountability and member of the Joint Standing Committee Foreign Affairs, Defence, and Trade

Senator Matthew O’Sullivan

Senator James Paterson

Senator Tony Sheldon

Senator Amanda Stoker

Members of Legislative Assemblies

Vicki Dunne, Deputy Speaker, Legislative Assembly for Australian Capital Territory

Bernie Finn MLC, member of the Victorian Legislative Council (upper house)

Janelle Saffin

Former Members of Parliament

Hon Michael Danby, former member for Melbourne Ports, former Chair of the Joint Standing Committee Foreign Affairs, Defence and Trade

New Zealand

Simeon Brown MP

Marama Davidson MP, co-leader of the Green Party

Simon O’Connor MP, Chair of the Foreign Affairs, Defence, and Trade Committee

Russia

Vladimir Kara-Murza, Vice-President of the Free Russia Foundation

This list is updated daily.

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