The capital city of China is Beijing and it is also one of the four municipalities of China. Beijing is one of the Great Ancient Capitals of China and sometimes in the English language is also referred to as Peking. Beijing shares its northern, westerns, southern borders as well as some portion of the eastern border with the province of Hebei. It also shares its southeastern borders with the Tianjin Municipality.
After Shanghai, Beijing is the largest city in China and it is a major centre for transportation with an excellent network of railways, motorways and roads. Beijing is also an important place on many international airway routes. Beijing is formally celebrated as the political, cultural and educational capital of the People’s Republic of China. On the other hand, Shanghai and Hong Kong are considered to be the economic centers of China. Beijing is the host city of the 2008 Summer Olympic Games.
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History of Beijing
During the Chinese Civil War, the Communist forces entered Beijing on January 31, 1949 without meeting any resistance. On October 1st, 1949, under the aegis of Mao Zedong, the Communist Party of China announced the dawning of the People’s Republic of China and also rechristened the name of the city back to Beijing.
In 2001, on July 13th, the International Olympic Committee decided that the city of Beijing would be the host of the 2008 Summer Olympic Games.
Geography of Beijing
At the northern tip of the North China Plain one can locate the city of Beijing. The city is sheltered by mountain ranges from the north, northwest and the west.
The urban parts of Beijing can be found in the south central part of the city. The urban fraction is a small but rapidly growing part of the municipality’s framework. The most important leaders of the People’s Republic of China have their residences in the Zhongnanhai region of Tian’anmen. The Chang’an Avenue runs from east to west through central Beijing and it is one of the main thoroughfares in Beijing.
Climate of Beijing
The city has a humid and continental climate which is for the most part influenced by the monsoons. As a result of the East Asian Monsoon’s the summers are hot and sultry while the winters are frigid, dry and windy. In January the average temperature is around 1o Celsius while in July the average temperature is recorded to be around 30o Celsius.
Economy of Beijing
The nominal GDP of Beijing in 2007 was 900.62 billion RMB which showed an annual increase of 12.3%. The per capita GDP was seen to be 56,044 RMB. In the recent years there has been a significant rise in the market for real estate and also for the automobile sectors.
Sightseeing in Beijing
The Forbidden City lies at the heart of the historical center of Beijing. It was the home of the emperors of the Ming dynasty and also of rulers of the Qing dynasty. The Forbidden City also comprises of the Palace Museum which contains on display many royal collections of Chinese art.
The Temple of Heaven is an extremely famous religious site in the city of Beijing. It is located in southeastern Beijing and is also listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
The Thirteen Tombs of the Ming Dynasty are situated at the outskirts of Beijing. These are the burial sites of thirteen Ming rulers and are also chosen as a World Heritage Site.
Beijing Capital Airport
The Beijing Capital International Airport near Shunyi is the most important airport in Beijing. The airport is the main center for Air China and nearly all domestic and international flights arrive at and depart from the Capital Airport. The airport is linked to central Beijing via the Airport Expressway.