Chongqing Municipality, China

A sunset view of Chongqing Central Business District and Hongya Cave, taken in 2017

Chongqing Municipality has a population of 32 million and is located in the People’s Republic of China. It was earlier part of the Province of Sichuan.

History of Chongqing Municipality

Jialing River, ChongqingWhen the Revolts overpowered the Ming Dynasty across China between the year of 1627 to 1645, they defeated Chongqing which was part of today’s Sichuan Province.

The first inland commerce port in China to be open to foreigners was in Chongqing in the year of 1891. It became a municipality under the Republic of China from 1929 onwards but Chiang Kai-shek’s provisional capital was bombed during the Second Sino-Japanese War by the invading Japanese but many lives were saved due to the protection formed by mountain ranges around Chongqing. During World War II, most of the industrial factories and universities moved from the East of China to Chongqing.

Geography of Chongqing Municipality

The provinces of Hubei, Hunan, Guizhou, Sichuan and Shaanxi are neighboring provinces of the Municipality of Chongqing.

Local Economy of Chongqing Municipality

Chongqing has a booming economy, in fact it is the third fastest growing economy in the People’s Republic of China. The GDP in 2007 was 411.18billion Yuan with an annual growth rate of 15%. The per capita GDP was however below national average with 14,622 Yuan.

Transportation within Chongqing Municipality

Being the largest inland port in the West of the People’s Republic of China it connects the East of the P.R. China through the Yangtze River.

Chongqing is connected by railway to Chengdu in Sichuan Province, Guiyang in Guizhou Province and the city of Xiangfan in Hubei Province and the town of Huaihua in Hunan Province.

The Jiangbei International Airport of Chongqing Municipality handled around 10 million passengers last year and handles international flight from East Asia.

Climate of Chongqing Municipality

Chongqing East Asian climate marked with humid subtropical climate and two monsoon season. Chongqing Municipality is one of the hottest region in the People’s Republic of China. The hotest temperature ever recorded was +43o Celsius and the average temperature is +35o Celsius during the month of August and Chongqing has a very mild temperature during the winter months. The best time to visit Chongqing Municipality is during the spring.

Places to visit in Chongqing Municipality

Dazu Rock Carvings is listed as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO and it dates back to the 7th century. The Dazu Rock Carvings have Chinese religious carvings and sculptures that show an influence of Confucian, Taoist and the beliefs in Buddhism. The city of Chongqing has more than 3000 bridges and some amazing skyscrapers. The Holiday Inn Chongqing has some cheap rooms for tourists and leisure visitors to Chongqing.

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