The Province of Gansu in the People’s Republic of China has a population of 26 million inhabitants. The Yellow River passes through the southern section of the province of Gansu and the province is located between the Huangtu and the Qinghai Plateaus, at the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region.
Gansu Province has Mongolia to the north and Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region to the west. The capital city of Gansu Province is Lanzhou City which is in the southeastern part of Gansu Province.
The History of Gansu Province
Gansu Province has a great history of the former Chinese Empire during the Han and the Ming Dynasty.
The Great Wall of China was extended through Gansu during the Han Dynasty. The Yangguan Fort and the strategic Jade Gate Pass was also constructed during the Ming Dynasty.
In the past, many residents of the Province of Gansu embraced Islam from 848 to 1036AD when a Uyghur nation was founded.
Due to to the fact that Gansu was situated along the Silk Route it was converted into a very important economically province.
Local Economy of Gansu Province
The Province of Gansu has been well known throughout the years for Chinese medicinal herbs. Agricultural production in Gansu are melons, millet, maize, wheat and as well cotton but a large part of the economy in Gansu relies heavy on mining.
Today the Province of Gansu has a large amount of zinc, tungsten, platinum, chromiu. The oil producing fields of Changqing and Yumen are contributing to the economy of China’s Gansu Province.
Tourist Attraction in Gansu Province
There are many tourist attractions in the Province of Gansu for both international and as well local tourists.
The Jiayuguan Pass
The Jiayuguan Pass is the largest entrance to the Great Wall of China. The Jiayuguan Pass was built during the Early Ming Dynasty around 1370AD.
The Mogao Grottoes of Lo-Tsun
A monk by the name of Lo-Tsun came near the Echoing Sand Mountain. One day he had a vision with golden rays of light that shined on him and that looked like a thousand Buddhas. The monk in the year of 336AD started the carving of this grotto.
The ancient Silk Road of China
The ancient Silk Road of China started in the province of Gansu and ended in Constantinople. The Silk Road was the only way for merchants to travel from the East to the West world. Merchants would get fresh supply and travel across the Taklamakan Desert.
The Bingling Temple which are also known locally as the Grottoes is a complex of caves at the Yellow River. The large Maitreya Buddha is more than 25 meters tall and the only way to access the Bingling Temple is by boat from Yongjing during the summer months.
The Labrang Tibetan Monastery
The Labrang Tibetan Monastery is one of the main monasteries of the Tibetan tradition. The Labrang Tibetan Monastery is located in the Prefecture Autonomous Region of Gannan in the Xiahe County in the south of Gansu Province.