Heilongjiang was the first Chinese communist controlled province. The major city of the province of Heilongjiang is Harbin which is also the capital city of Heilongjiang. The province of Heilongjiang was given to the Chinese by the Soviet forces. It was conceded by the Japanese who lost the battle in 1945 to the Soviet forces. The communist’s were then able to control the beginning of the Chinese Civil War from Manchuria in Heilongjiang.
Heilongjiang province has grown with time in terms of area. It included only the western parts of the present province then and Qiqihar was the capital of the province. Songjiang occupied the rest of the province then and the capital was Harbin. It was only in 1954 the provinces were clubbed to form the present day Heilongjiang territory. Heilongjiang later also occupied the then inner portions of Mongolia namely Hulunbuir League. This took place during the Cultural Revolution of China under Mao.
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The winters are long and bitter in Heilongjiang and it has a sub-arctic climate. January is the coldest with the temperatures ranging between -31o Celsius to -15o Celsius. It is summers in July and yet the temperature averages between 18o Celsius to 23o Celsius. The summers are short and some times cool. Rain occur mostly during the months of summer.
Geographical conditions of Heilongjiang
Heilongjiang mostly comprises the mountain ranges like the Zhangguangcai Mountains, Laoye Mountains, Lesser Khingan Range, Greater Khingan Range and the Wanda Mountains. Mount Datudingzi is the highest peak among all the mountain ranges and it is 1690 m or 5545 ft in height. It is located in the border of Jilin province. Greater Khingan Range is the largest of the remaining forests in China and the forestry department operates mainly from this area.
The Amur valley is found in the northern border. The other interior parts are mostly in the low altitudes and are flat lands. Many rivers like the Nen River, the Songhua River and the Mudan River and all tributaries of the Amur flow on these flatlands. Along with Russia’s Primorsky Krai in the border, you can see the Khanka Lake or the Xingkai Lake.
Heilongjiang province has some major cities. They are namely Daqing, Harbin, Mudanjiang, Shuangyashan, Jiamusi, Yichun, Heihe, Qiqihar and Hegang
The local Economy of Heilongjiang
The crops which grow in Heilongjiang are the ones which can sustain the extreme cold climate. The main agricultural crops are wheat, maize and soybeans. Sunflower, flax and beets are the commercial crops which grow in this area.
Heilongjiang is heavily forested area and is the chief source of lumber in China. Usually Korean pines and other pines are the chief forms of lumber. You can also find larch which another good source of lumber. Daxingan Mountains and Xiaoxingan Mountains which house the endangered Siberian tiger, the lynx and the red crowned cranes are the main forest areas in Heilongjiang.
The common herds found in Heilongjiang are the cattle and the horses. The cattle of this area are very fertile and provide highest source for the milk amongst all the other province divisions in China.
Heilongjiang is rich with natural resources like gold, coal and graphite and other natural minerals. There are oil fields in Daqing which are the important source for the petroleum for China. Heilongjiang is also a very important location of windmills which are used to generate power.
Heilongjiang is the northern most part of China. This part of China is an original base for the industries in the People’s Republic of China. The industries located here are associated with lumber, coal, the food products, machinery and petroleum. Heilongjiang opens the gates for the trade and commerce between Russia and China.
This year the per capita disposable income among the residents in the urban area of Heilongjiang has reached 10,245 Yuan. This is a significant rise of 11.6% when compared to that of previous year. In the year 2007 residents of Heilongjiang had a nominal GDP of 708 billion Yuan. It had an annual growth rate of 12.1% and it’s per capita GDP was 18,500 Yuan.
What to visit in Heilongjiang
Harbin is the most important cities of Heilongjiang. This provincial capital has a lot of mixed cultural variety. Apart from the traditional Chinese and Russian culture, you get to see a lot of modern cultures as well. There are a lot of Christian churches such as the, Catholic, Russian Orthodox and Protestant churches throughout Harbin.
The natural ice formations gives opportunity to plenty of fun and talents in Heilongjiang, It is very famous for the ice sculpture exhibitions. There were more than 2000 ice sculptures for display in the 8th ice and snow world competitions which took place in 2007.
Between 1719 and 1721 the volcanic eruptions caused one section of the Amur to form a series of 5 lakes. These lakes are interconnected to each other. The geological view of the second lake is very spectacular and is very famous. The Jingbo lake is a part of Mudan river which resulted in beautiful shape during the volcanic eruptions. It is found in the Ning’an County and is a beautiful sight with Diaoshuilou waterfalls.