The word Henan in Chinese means the place south of the Yellow River. The province of Henan is located centrally in the People’s Republic of China.
Henan province is a densely populated with a hundred million people. Henan has borders with province of Shandong, Anhui Province, Shaanxi and Shanxi province.
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History of the Henan province
In the year 1368, the Mongol rule in China came to an unexpected end. They were succeeded by the Ming Dynasty who ruled the Henan Territory. Their boundaries resembled the modern day map boundary of Henan province. However, unlike the modern capital Zhengzhou, the capital used to be Kaifeng. The rule of the Republic of China which lasted between 1911 and 1949 did not make any significant changes to the territorial arrangements made by the Qing Dynasty.
Geography of Henan
The western part of Henan Province is mountainous if you compare it to the east. The North China plains are formed by the eastern and central parts of Henan province. On the north western part, a small section of the Taihang mountains which enter into Henan province. The Qinling Mountains enter into Henan province on the west and occupy the area almost till the central part of the province. It is also branched into other mountains such as the Funju Mountains that moves towards north and south. Hubei Province in the south is separated from Henan by the Dabie Mountains.
The capital of Henan is Zhengzhou which is a heavily populated city. Other cities that you may can visit during your stay in the province of Henan are the cities of Luoyang, Xinxiang, Kaifeng, Anyang, Xuchang and Luohe.
Local Climate in Henan Province
During the summer month it rains a lot in Henan province. Henan has a continental climate which is pretty temperate at times. The temperature falls to 0o Celsius during January and during the month of July it averages between 27o Celsius to 28o Celsius.
Local Economy of Henan
The nominal GDP is on a steady rise of 14.4% and was 1.506 trillion RMB during the year of 2007 with a per capita GDP of 16,060RMB.
The province of Henan is very rich with natural resources such as coal, gold and as well aluminium. The major national products of Henan are meat products, cement, glass, and tires. The other industries flourishing in Henan are metallurgy, petroleum products, building materials, food products, electronics and machinery.
Henan had a total trade volume of US$12.8 billion during the year of 2007. This included US$8.4 billion revenues from export sector.
Henan has been tried for a while to develop an open economy. In the province of Henan, there are about 7,200 foreign investment companies. The province has generated about US$11 billions in investments.
Henan is also one of the leading producer for sesame and wheat in the People’s Republic of China.
Culture of Henan
The local Henan form of Chinese Opera called Yuju is very famous throughout the People’s Republic of China.
Henan has a tradition of fine Henanese cuisine. The Luoyang Shuixi made out of a number of soups and Xinyang Duncai are Kaifeng’s traditional cuisine.
Henan is also famous for it’s Art and Craft products. The Junci porcelain is well known for its irregular patterns and Zhenping is good in the jade carvings.