Hubei Province, China

Boats on the Yangtze River, upstream from the Three Gorges

The central province in the People’s Republic of China is Hubei. The meaning of Hubei means “North of the Lake” as it is located north of Lake Dongting. Wuhan is the capital city of Hubei Province.

Hubei is bordered by Henan Province, Anhui Province, Jiangxi Province, Hunan Province, Chongqing and the province of Shaanxi. The Three Gorges Dam is situated in the city of Yichang in the western part of Hubei Province.

History of Hubei Province

The outbreak of the Black Death destroyed the province of Hubei in 1334 and in 1368, the Mongols were thrown out by the Ming Dynasty.

The present day Wuhan was the place, where the Wuchang Uprising took place in 1911. The Qing Dynasty was overthrown and the Republic of China was established. The left wing element of Kuomintang led by Wang Jingwei made Wuhan the seat of government. This government merged with Chiang Kai-shek’s government in Nanjing. Japan captured the eastern part of Hubei during World War II but the western part remained throughout World War II under Chinese control.

In 1993 the construction of the Three Gorges Dam was started over the Yangtze River near Yichang.

Geography of Hubei Province

Major part of central and eastern Hubei is the Jianghan Plain. The western part is mountainous, with Wudang Mountains, Daba Mountain and the Jingshan Mountains. To the North east lies the Dabie Mountains, on the north is Tongbai Mountains and to the Southeast are Mufu Mountains. Shennong Peak is the highest peak of Hubei. This peak is located in Daba mountain ranges with an altitude of 3105 meters above sea level.

Hubei on the east is surrounded by the Yangtze River, this river flow through the Three Gorges. The Shen Nong Stream and the Hanshui flow down from the north. Yangtze River’s tributary Shen Nong Stream has been degraded by the Three Gorges Dam project. The meeting point of The Yangtze and Hanshui Rivers is at the center of the capital City of Wuahn.

Hubei is called the”Province of Lakes” because it has thousand’s of stunning lakes. The largest lakes in Hubei Province are Lake Honghu and Lake Liangzi.

Hubei has distinct seasons with subtropical climate. During winter the average temperature is 1-6o Celsius and during summer it is 24-30o Celsius. Wuhan, the capital of Hubei is the hottest city of Hubei Province and during the summer months it can be up to 40o Celsius.

Shashi, Shiyan Jingmen, and Wuhan are the major cities of Hubei.

Local Economy of Hubei Province

Wheat, tea, cotton, and rice are the main agricultural products of Hubei and high-tech commodities, metallurgy, power generation, textiles, foodstuffs, machinery and automobiles are the chief industries of Hubei.

There are many resources of minerals in the province of Hubei in large quantities; some of those minerals are iron, vanadium, gypsum, phosphorus, borax, rock salt, copper, hongshiite, marlstone, wollastonite, garnet, rutile, manganese and gold amalgam.

In western Hubei, the Three Gorges Dam is in its completing stage, once completed it will add to the Hydropower generation to the already existing hydropower industry in the People’s Republic of China. The Three Gorges Dam is expected to produce 84700 Gwh of power per annum.

Hubei has nominal GDP of 915 billion yuan for the year 2007 and the per capita of 14733 RMB. Hubei’s economy is ranked as the 12th largest in the P.R. of China.

Local Culture of Hubei Province

One of the major cultural centers of the People’s Republic of China is Wuhan, the capital city of Hubei Province. Hubei has many mouthwatering dishes, one of them is the “Fish of Wuchang”.

Hubei has many traditional Chinese opera such as the popular Chinese Opera “Chuju and Hanju”.

Local Transportation in Hubei Province

Hubei Province has a big role in the transportation industry of China as it has many waterways situated by the Hanshui and Yangtze Rivers. The Province of Hubei also enjoys connecting many railways links such as railway link from “Zhicheng to Liuzhou” or “Beijing to Kowloon” etc. Wuhan, Sanxia, Yichang, Shashi and Xiangfan. have five regional airports.

What to see in Hubei

There are many famous attractions in the province of Hubei as it is the home to the ancient Chu state, ruled by the Eastern Zhou Dynasty. It has its own unique culture. Visitors to Hubei Province can see Mount Jiugong, the city of Jingzhou, the Three Gorges Dam or the Wudang Mountains.

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