Hunan Province, China

Fenghuang Ancient Town, located in Fenghuang County of Xiangxi

Changsha is the capital city of the province of Hunan. Hunan Province is situated to the south of Lake Dongtine and is located in the middle of the River Yangtze. Hunan shares borders with ChongqingJiangxi Province, Guangdong Province, Hubei Province, Guangxi and the Province of Guizhou.

History of Hunan Province

Until 1910, the province of Hunan was comparatively quite, but when the Qing Dynasty collapsed, it led to the Communist’s Autumn Harvest revolution that started with Mao Zedong in the year 1927.

Mao Zedong established a brief Hunan Soviet State in 1927 and they maintained a guerilla army in the mountain’s across the Hunan soviet state till 1934.

The famous Long March to bases in Shaanxi Provincestarted under pressure from the Nationalist Kuomintang. Once the communist army departed, the second Sino Japanese war was fought by the KMT army against the Japanese.

Changsha the capital of Hunan Province fell in 1944.

After the Chinese Civil war the Communists returned to power in 1949.

After the death of Mao Zedong in 1976, Hunan Province took time to adopt the reforms implemented by the former paramount leader of Deng Xiaoping. From 1966 to 1976, the province of Hunan supported the Cultural Revolution.

Geography of Hunan Province

Hunan Province is 500km away from the Guangdong’s capital city of Guangzhou, around 950km from the municipality of Shanghai and almost 1200km from the municipality and China’s capital city of Beijing.

The largest freshwater lake in the province of Hunan is “Lake Dongting”.

Climate of Hunan

Hunan Province has a subtropical climate. The Average temperature during the month of January is 3-8o Celsius and 27-30o Celsius during the month of July.

Local Economy of Hunan Province

Along with rice, the Province of Hunan also cultivates tea.

The per capita income of Hunan Province in the year 2007 was 14,405 yuan and 914.5 billion yuan was the nominal GDP for 2007.

Touristic places to visit in Hunan Province

Hunan Province has so many touristic attractions to explore. Wulingyuan is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The Yueyang Pagoda in Yueyang, Hengshan Pagoda in Hengyang and the Shaoshan Chong is the birthplace of Mao Zedong.

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