The Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region has a land area of around 302 million acres, which is almost 12% of the total land area of the People’s Republic of China. The capital of the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region is Hohhot. According to the 2004 census, the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region has a population of around 25 million people.
The Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region is bordered by the Province of Heilongjiang, Jilin Province, Liaoning Province, Hebei Province, Shanxi Province, Shaanxi Province, Gansu Province and the Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region. Inner Mongolia also shares borders with Mongolia and Russia.
Inner Mongolia main cities are Hohhot which is the capital and as well cities such as Hulunbuir, Ordos, Tongliao, Ulanqab, Wuhai Baotou and Bayan Nur.
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History of Inner Mongolia
In the year 1206, Genghis Khan unified the Mongol tribes and his descendants conquered China in 1279.
Economy of Inner Mongolia
In Inner Mongolia, wheat farming is precedent along the river valleys. The Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region has large quantities of natural resources such as coal, natural gas, niobium, zirconium and beryllium. It is one of the most important coal mining industry in the north of the People’s Republic of China. The GDP for for Inner Mongolia was in 2007 about 600 billion yuan with a stunning annual growth rate of 19% but its per capita GDP is 25000 yuan annually. The real-estate market in capital city of Hohhot is picking up rapidly with new development of apartment buildings and huge officer towers been launched.
Culture of Inner Mongolia
A variety of dialects of the Mongolian language is spoken in Inner Mongolia such as Chahar, Ejin-Alxa and Barghu-Buryat dialects. The Minority races of China in Inner Mongolia Mongolia have their own languages and dialects. The Classic Mongol written script is still retained throughout the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region but cyrillic alphabet is used widely in Outer Mongolia. Ethnic Mongols are now very fluent in at least one Chinese dialects due to.
Touristic Attractions in Inner Mongolia
The Dazhao Temple in Hohhot which was built in 1580 is a must see tourist attractions. If you have sufficient times during your trip to Inner Mongolia, visit the Xiaozhao Temple that was built in 1697 or the Mausoleum of Genghis Khan in the city of Ordos.