Located along the Eastcoast of the People’s Republic of China, the Province of Jiangsu borders Anhui Province, Zhejiang Province, the Municipality of Shanghai and Shandong Province. The River Yangtze passes in between the southern parts of Jiangsu Province. In addition Jiangsu Province has a shoreline of almost 1.020 km along the Yellow Sea.
Table of Contents
History of Jiangsu Province
Jiangsu Tiger HallIn 1912, the short-lived Republic of China was established. Many emperors have ruled the province of Jiangsu till April 1927, when Chiang Kai-Shek formed his new government in the city of Nanjing. The province of Jiangsu was efficiently by by Chiang Kai-Shek until the 2nd Sino-Japanese war started in the year of 1937. During this time, Chiang Kai-Shek control over Jiangsu slowed down and on December 13, 1937 and Japanese forces occupied Nanjing / Jiangsu for the next 3 months which is today known as the tragic Nanjing Massacre.
As soon as World War 2 ended, Nanjing became back the capital of the Republic of China.
During the civil war between Communist forces and Kuomintang government, the Kuomintang government was defeated.
Eventually the Kuomintang settled down in Taipei, where the Republic of China government continues to administer Taiwan. Beijing was made the capital city of the People’s Republic of China as soon as the communist took power and since then Nanjing is just the provincial capital of Jiangsu Province.
Geography of Jiangsu
Jiangsu has been known for many years in China as the “Venice of the East” because of the southern city of Suzhou has canals crossing each other throughout Suzhou. The highest peak of Jiangsu is Mount Yuntai with an altitude of 625 meters above sea level. The largest lake in Jiangsu province is Lake Taihu.
During your visit to Jiangsu Province, you will surely pass Nanjing, the capital city of Jiangsu province but Jiangsu province has so many cities that you should visit if you have the time such as Kunshan, Zhenjiang, Jiangyan, Jiangyin, Nantong, Gaoyou, Yixing, Yancheng, Suqian, Rugao, Taizhou, Jingjiang, Xuzhou, Changzhou, Suzhou, Huai’an, Taicang, Wujiang, Wuxi, Yangzhou, Lianyungang, Zhangjiagang and Changshu.
Climate of Jiangsu
The Climate of Jiangsu Province has a warm temperate, humid and subtropical climate, During the month of January the average temperature is between -2o Celsius to 4o Celsius and during the month of July the temperatures are between 26o Celsius to 30o Celsius. Typhoon’s are very common with rainstorm’s from summer to autumn.
Local Economy of Jiangsu
Agricultural products of Jiangsu Province are Silkworms, Wheat, Rice, Maize and as well Sorghum. The main cash crops of the province of Jiangsu are Soya Beans, Ambary Hemp, Peanuts, Grape, Cotton, Tea and Sesame along with many other products such as Apples, Peaches, Chinese Medicinal Herbs, Pears and as well Freshwater Fish which is a very important industry of Jiangsu.
Jiangsu has large scale industries in the manufacturing of Textiles and Food products, Construction Materials, Automobile, Electronic and Chemical products.
The Paramount Leader Deng Xiaoping made many economic reforms, which ultimately helped many cities in Jiangsu Province such as the cities of Wuxi and Suzhou. Suzhou has the only industrial park in the People’s Republic of China which was built by the Republic of Singapore.
Jiangsu Province has the third highest GDP besides the provinces of Shandong and Guangdong and in in 2007, 33,689 Yuan was the GDP per capita and it makes Jiangsu Province one of the most wealthiest provinces throughout the People’s Republic of China.
The province has an annual growth of 14.8% with a nominal GDP of 2.56 trillion yuan during the year of 2007.
Places visit in Jiangsu Province
Since Nanjing city was the capital of many Chinese dynasties, it has a wealth of historic places of which some of them are the Sun Yat-sen Mausoleum, the Purple Mountain, Lake Xuanwu, the Ming Dynasty City Wall and Gates, the Temple of Jiming, the Confucius Temple of Nanjing and the Nanjing Massacre Memorial. The best hotel to stay near the touristic attractions is the Jinling Hotel Nanjing.
If you have the time to visit the city of Suzhou make sure you visit the Classical Gardens of Suzhou which is an official World Heritage Site by UNESCO, the Huqiu Tower, and Hanshan Temple are also famous places of Suzhou.
Other places worth seeing is the Thin West Lake of Yangzhou and the world’s highest Buddha Statue in Wuxi.