Situated in the South of the People’s Republic of China is the Chinese Province of Jiangxi. Jiangxi Province shares borders with Anhui Province, Fujian Province, Zhejiang Province, Guangdong Province, Hunan Province and Hubei Province.
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Local History of Jiangxi
Nanchang Railway, Jiangxi ProvinceJiangxi Province was the original base of the Communists and as soon the Qing Dynasty lost power, the Communists started recruiting many peasants to expand the people’s revolution. On August 1, 1927, it was in Jiangxi Province that the Nanchang Uprising took place at the time of the Civil War in China. When the Kuomintang’s government attempted to eradicate the communists, its leaders went into the mountains of Western and Southern Jiangxi province into hiding. The Chinese Soviet Republic’s government was formed in 1931 and established itself in the city of Ruijin, which is still known as the “Former Red Capital.” In the year 1935, the communist came outhiding and in the open and they began the “Long March to Yan’an”.
Geography of Jiangxi
Jiangxi Province is surrounded by the Jiuling Mountains, Mufu Mountains and the Luoxiao Mountains, Wuyi Mountains, Huaiyu Mountains, Dayu Mountains and the Jiulian Mountains. The northern part of Jiangxi Province is low land but the southern part of Jiangxi Province has mountains and valleys. Mount Huanggang has the highest point in Jiangxi Province with an altitude of 2157m.
The main river of Jiangxi Province is the Gan River which flows from the north to the south and flowing into Lake Poyang, the largest freshwater lake in the People’s Republic of China and Lake Poyang flows into the Yangtze River.
During your visit to Jiangxi Province, you should take time to visit the cities of Ji’an, Nanchang, Yingtan Jiujiang, Jingdezhen, Pingxiang, Ganzhou, and Fuzhou.
Climate of Jiangxi
The Climate of the province of Jiangxi is subtropical with an average temperature during the month of January is between 3 to 9o Celsius and in the month of July it is between 27o Celsius to 31o Celsius.
Local Economy of Jiangxi
Like other provinces in the People’s Republic of China, Rice is the main production in Jiangxi Province. Other cash crops of Jiangxi are Grape seeds and cotton. Gold, Silver, Copper, Uranium and Tungsten the main minerals of this province. The major counties in Jiangxi Province are Dayu County Tungsten mines and the county of Dexing with mines for Copper.
During the financial year of 2006, the nominal GDP for Jiangxi Province was around 550 billion yuan and the per Capita was 12,562 RMB.
Local Culture of Jiangxi
During ancient times the province of Jiangxi was the center of the Chan Buddhism teachings. Jiangxi also is a heritage for Hakka architecture.
Jiangxi is also famous for its opera called the Jiangxi Opera known only in the province and some neighboring provinces. The cuisine of Jiangxi Province has the strongest taste in the People’s Republic of China as the dishes are made using chilly, peppers and other spicy ingredients.
Transportation within Jiangxi Province
Jiangxi is connected via a 950 km long Railway lines with the Province of Zhejiang.
Tourist Attractions in Jiangxi Province
The two most important Buddhist temples in the world are in Jiangxi. The Iron Buddha Temple and the Dounglin Temple are very important to Buddhists from around the world.
If you have enough time, you can visit the Resort of Mount Lushan which is situated in the northern port city of Jiujiang.
The resort of Longhushan in Yingtan town is the location where Taoism had its origin and many taoists visit Yingtan.
UNESCO has identified the Lushan National Park as a World Heritage Site.