Jiangxi (江西) is a largely agricultural province in the southern central region of China.
Situated in the South of the People’s Republic of China is the Chinese Province of Jiangxi. Jiangxi Province shares borders with Anhui Province, Fujian Province, Zhejiang Province, Guangdong Province, Hunan Province and Hubei Province.
Table of Contents
- Nanchang – the capital of Jiangxi province
- Ganzhou- in the deep south of the district, rich in revolutionary sites; Ruijin is the most prestigious one.
- Jingdezhen – known both in China and abroad for porcelain, which it has been producing for more than 1000 years.
- Jiujiang – lies by the Changjiang River, famous for Lushan, a world heritage site.
- Shangrao – in the East, Sanqingshan Mount is listed in World Heritage Sites in 2008.
- Wuyuan – central city to a series of traditional villages and charming countryside.
- Xinyu – site of the Fairy Lake
- Yichun – in the West of the province, the city has Mingyue Mount (Bright Moon Mount) and rich Zen Buddhist culture.
- Ruijin- site of Red Army Headquarters from 1930-1934. Mao Zedong lived in the town then.
- Lushan (庐山): UNESCO World Heritage Site. Beautiful 1,474-meter mountain. Good day trip from Nanchang or Jiujiang
- Mt Sanqingshan National Park (三清山): UNESCO world heritage site. Mountain is 1820 meters high and very scenic. Hiking the popular circular trail takes 4-5 hours.
- The China Danxia landscape of Mount Longhu is inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List.
Local History of Jiangxi
Nanchang Railway, Jiangxi ProvinceJiangxi Province was the original base of the Communists and as soon the Qing Dynasty lost power, the Communists started recruiting many peasants to expand the people’s revolution. On August 1, 1927, it was in Jiangxi Province that the Nanchang Uprising took place at the time of the Civil War in China. When the Kuomintang’s government attempted to eradicate the communists, its leaders went into the mountains of Western and Southern Jiangxi province into hiding. The Chinese Soviet Republic’s government was formed in 1931 and established itself in the city of Ruijin, which is still known as the “Former Red Capital.” In the year 1935, the communist came outhiding and in the open and they began the “Long March to Yan’an”.
Travel of Jiangxi Province
Most of the airline only connect to the Changbei airport in Nanchang, but international flights are almost impossible. Suggest always connect from Shanghai or Beijing. Mulitiple domestic airlines have flights to Changbei airport. Apart from this, you may fly thru the domestic airport- JingGanSan; however flights are pretty limited.
Most cities are connected by the newly upgraded railway. Major raliway lines connect all directions. ZheGanXian lines start from Shanghai, cross Zhejiang Province, and line up most cities and towns in Jiangxi from east to north, Yingtan, Xiangtang, Zhangshu, Xinyu, Yichun, Pingxiang, etc.; The latest D train is fast and comfortable. From Shanghai to Xinyu, takes 5.5 hours for the 1000km. D train ticket can be book 11 days ahead, and a ticket from Shanghai to Nanchang cost around ¥300.
Geography of Jiangxi
Jiangxi Province is surrounded by the Jiuling Mountains, Mufu Mountains and the Luoxiao Mountains, Wuyi Mountains, Huaiyu Mountains, Dayu Mountains and the Jiulian Mountains. The northern part of Jiangxi Province is low land but the southern part of Jiangxi Province has mountains and valleys. Mount Huanggang has the highest point in Jiangxi Province with an altitude of 2157m.
The main river of Jiangxi Province is the Gan River which flows from the north to the south and flowing into Lake Poyang, the largest freshwater lake in the People’s Republic of China and Lake Poyang flows into the Yangtze River.
During your visit to Jiangxi Province, you should take time to visit the cities of Ji’an, Nanchang, Yingtan Jiujiang, Jingdezhen, Pingxiang, Ganzhou, and Fuzhou.
Climate of Jiangxi
The Climate of the province of Jiangxi is subtropical with an average temperature during the month of January is between 3 to 9o Celsius and in the month of July it is between 27o Celsius to 31o Celsius.
Local Economy of Jiangxi
Like other provinces in the People’s Republic of China, Rice is the main production in Jiangxi Province. Other cash crops of Jiangxi are Grape seeds and cotton. Gold, Silver, Copper, Uranium and Tungsten the main minerals of this province. The major counties in Jiangxi Province are Dayu County Tungsten mines and the county of Dexing with mines for Copper.
During the financial year of 2006, the nominal GDP for Jiangxi Province was around 550 billion yuan and the per Capita was 12,562 RMB.
Local Culture of Jiangxi
During ancient times the province of Jiangxi was the center of the Chan Buddhism teachings. Jiangxi also is a heritage for Hakka architecture.
Jiangxi is also famous for its opera called the Jiangxi Opera known only in the province and some neighboring provinces. The cuisine of Jiangxi Province has the strongest taste in the People’s Republic of China as the dishes are made using chilly, peppers and other spicy ingredients.
Transportation within Jiangxi Province
Jiangxi is connected via a 950 km long Railway lines with the Province of Zhejiang.
Tourist Attractions in Jiangxi Province
The two most important Buddhist temples in the world are in Jiangxi. The Iron Buddha Temple and the Dounglin Temple are very important to Buddhists from around the world.
If you have enough time, you can visit the Resort of Mount Lushan which is situated in the northern port city of Jiujiang.
The resort of Longhushan in Yingtan town is the location where Taoism had its origin and many taoists visit Yingtan.
UNESCO has identified the Lushan National Park as a World Heritage Site.