Coronavirus outbreak in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, China

Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region is in northwest of the People’s Republic of China. The Yellow River flows through Ningxia Hui. The capital city of Ningxia Hui Automomous Region is the city of Yinchuan.

Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, established on October 25th, 1958, is bordered by Inner Mongolia to the north and west, Shaanxi to the east and Gansu to the south. The region is mostly mountains and plains with little truly fertile land.The Chinese Moslems, the Huis, make up 1/3 of the population of the region.

Around 1000 AD, the Tangut kingdom of Western Xia was centered in Ningxia, and often in conflict with the Song, Liao, and Jin dynasties. In 189 years the throne changed hands ten times. Eventually it was overrun by the Mongols and absorbed into the Chinese empire of its day. Marco Polo visited it at around that time.

Largest cities in Ningxia Hui

  • Yinchuan – capital of Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region
  • Guyuan – resting place of a Maitreya Buddha which is 62 ft high
  • Qingtongxia – home of the 108 Dagobas
  • Shizuishan – Helan Shan and Shahu Lake
  • Zhongwei – trapped between the desert and the Yellow River
  • Yongning – center of chinese Muslims, Chinese Hui Cultural Park
  • Tongxin – one of oldest mosque, Ming dynasty

Other destinations

  • Xixia Wangling National Park – Tombs from the lost Western Xia kingdom

Understand

Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, established on October 25th, 1958, is bordered by Inner Mongolia to the north and west, Shaanxi to the east and Gansu to the south. The region is mostly mountains and plains with little truly fertile land.The Chinese Moslems, the Huis, make up 1/3 of the population of the region.

Around 1000 AD, the Tangut kingdom of Western Xia was centered in Ningxia, and often in conflict with the Song, Liao, and Jin dynasties. In 189 years the throne changed hands ten times. Eventually it was overrun by the Mongols and absorbed into the Chinese empire of its day. Marco Polo visited it at around that time.

See

The Great Wall of China within Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region has the following wall sections:

  • The Eastern Ningxia Wall – Hongshan Castle and Water Cave Gully (Shui Dong Gou)
  • The Northern Ningxia Wall – in the area of Helan Shan
  • The Western Ningxia Wall – Zhenbeibu and Sanguankou

Drink

One of the better cups of tea offered in this region is the “eight treasures tea” (八宝茶). It yields (not surprisingly) eight ingredients. Sugar lumps, wolfberries, tea leaves.

History of Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region

Ningxia Hui, ChinaDuring 300BC, Ningxia Hui and the surrounding areas were brought under the Qin Dynasty until Genghis Khan in the early thirteenth century ruled Ningxia Hui.

After the Mongol influence, Turkish speaking Muslims settled in the Ningxia Hui region but this led to tension with the Han and Hui population and after a few years this eventually turned into a Muslim rebellion and the Qing Dynasty killed around twelve million Chinese Muslims during that time.

In the year 1914, Gansu was merged with Ningxia Hui but it was in 1928 detached again to create the Province of Gansu.

Geography of Ningxia Hui

The provinces of Shaanxi, Gansu and the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region share borders along with the Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region. The Tengger Desert can be visited in the Shapotou area of Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region.

An earthquake of 8.6 magnitudes rocked Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region on December 16th 1920 killing at least 200,000 people,

Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region has five prefecture cities such as Yinchuan which is the capital of Ningxia and Guyuan, Shizuishan, Wuzhong and Zhongwei.

Climate of Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region

Ningxia Hui has a continental climate with average summer temperatures of between +17o Celsius to 24o Celsius but winter temperatures fall between -7o Celsius to -10o Celsius. Extreme Temperatures in Ningxia Hui can reach up to a maximum of +40o Celsius during the summer months and -32o Celsius during the winter.

Economy of Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region

Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region has the third lowest GDP in the People’s Republic of China. It’s GDP in 2007 was just 83.4 billion yuan and contributed only 0.30% to the national economy of the P.R. China. It’s per capita GDP was just 13,743 Yuan during the same year.

Tourist Attractions in Ningxia Hui

During your visit to Ningxia Hui, you have to visit the Xixia Tombs that are just located 30 km outside of the city Yinchuan. The Xixia Tombs includes nine tombs of the Xia empereors and 200 additional tombs at the site. Try to visit the Shapatou Desert if you have more time to spend during your trip to Ningxia

The Great Wall of China within Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region has the following wall sections:

  • The Eastern Ningxia Wall – Hongshan Castle and Water Cave Gully (Shui Dong Gou)
  • The Northern Ningxia Wall – in the area of Helan Shan
  • The Western Ningxia Wall – Zhenbeibu and Sanguankou
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