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Singapore

Explore Singapore in three days including the Singapore Zoo and Sentosa Island

The following itineraries illustrate three ways to spend one day in Singapore. They all assume you will start from and end your trip at your lodgings. You can select the activities that sound interesting to you and follow them in any order, including mixing and matching the morning/afternoon/evening sections from the three different itineraries as you like.

All listed prices are in Singapore dollars. The estimates provided below do not include food, drinks or the cost of transportation between the hotel where you are staying and the locations of the first and last destinations stated in each itinerary.

Prepare

Getting around Singapore is easy. Equip yourself with a bottle of water and the free Singapore Tourist Map is recommended. If you plan on using the subway system, or MRT as it is known in Singapore, you should consider buying the pre-paid EZ-Link card or NETS FlashPay card. Using either card not only helps you to avoid the queue at the ticketing machines, it also helps you to save a bit of money as the fares are slightly lower. There is a non-refundable fee of $5 to purchase either card.

Another way is to buy the Singapore Tourist Pass (available at selected TransitLink Ticket Offices). Pass options are: 1 day ($10), 2 days ($16) or 3 days ($20). This pass lets you enjoy unlimited rides on the MRT/LRT and public buses. There is a refundable deposit of $10 (refund the pass within 5 days to collect back the $10 deposit).

Day 1

The Tourist Loop

If you have to pick one itinerary out of the three listed here, this is the one. Be forewarned however that this itinerary follows very closely the typical itineraries devised by tour groups and what you will mostly see will be limited to the touristy face of Singapore.

Approximate cost per person for admissions and transport: $50.

Morning

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The proboscis monkey, Singapore Zoo

Get up bright and early to beat the heat. Skip the hotel buffet and start your day with a Singaporean breakfast of kaya toast, runny eggs and strong sweet coffee, also known locally as kopiKaya is the Singaporean’s equivalent of the British marmalade or the New Yorker’s cream cheese, and is made of coconut milk, sugar and eggs. The Singaporean breakfast is available in any corner coffeeshop, known more affectionately by the locals as the Kopitiam, for about $2, but if you want to taste what is considered to be the best kaya toast in town, you will want to figure out the location of the nearest Ya Kun Kaya outlet. Incidentally, the word Kopitiam is formed by joining the Malay word kopi with the Minnan phrasebook (a Chinese dialect) word for a shop; hence, the coffee-shop and the etymology of this word is illustrative of many of the words that are spoken by the typical Singaporean. As a matter of fact, the typical Singaporean seems to be incapable of carrying on a conversation without mixing in words from two or more languages (usually Mandarin Chinese and English). So, if you hear a foreign-sounding word in the middle of an English sentence, you haven’t heard wrong — the word is probably not in English.

Before it gets too hot outside, head to either the Singapore Zoo, which is particularly great for the kids, or the Jurong Bird Park, which is arguably the more romantic option. The Zoo and the Bird Park opens at 8:30 AM, entrance fee to the Zoo is S$32, and S$28 to the Bird Park. Buy the tickets online by Visa or MasterCard to enjoy a 10% discount (wrs.com.sg).

The easiest way to get to either attraction is to take the taxi (approximately $10 if you start from the city center).

Afternoon

By noon you will be hot, sweaty and probably a little peckish. Make your way down to Orchard Road, or more specifically Ngee Ann City (also known as Takashimaya), to begin the shopping portion of your tour. Unlike America’s malls, which occupy acres and acres of land, Singapore’s scarcity of land forces its malls to develop skywards. Among the many malls in Singapore, Ngee Ann City is considered to be the premier mall destination, hands down, and boasts an amazing number of high-end boutiques, including Tiffany, Cartier, Louis Vuitton; and Takashimaya, which is Japanese for the equivalent of Neiman-Marcus or Harrods.

Start off with a quick lunch in the food court located in Ngee Ann City’s basement. Dependable Singaporean-Chinese chain Crystal Jade has no less than 4 outlets scattered throughout the mall (the ones in the basement are cheap, those on top cost more), Sushitei (2nd floor) serves up very good conveyor belt style sushi, Central (Basement 1) has a modern take on Hong Kong cuisine, and if you’re still pining for more options, the lower basement food court has more options than you can shake a chopstick at.

Your course from here onward depends on your interests, there are literally dozens of shopping malls along Orchard Road stretching in both directions from Takashimaya. Up on the third floor is Kinokuniya, Singapore’s largest bookstore. If Takashimaya’s lower floors aren’t enough, across the road is Paragon, full of yet more expensive luxury brands. If you’re looking for something specific and can’t find it, just ask the friendly crew at the Singapore Visitor’s Centre at Orchard Road (near Somerset MRT station, Exit C). But do yourself a favor and avoid buying any electronics in Lucky Plaza, a notorious pit of ripoff artists.

Evening

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Day 1 evening walking route

By 5-6 PM the temperatures will start to drop and it’s time to get back to sightseeing. Find the nearest MRT station (the likely candidates are Orchard, Somerset and Dhoby Ghaut, all along Orchard Road) and take the MRT to Raffles Place and head out via Exit H, which will bring you to the southern side of the Singapore River.

The first bridge to your right is Cavenagh Bridge (1), the oldest bridge still standing. Don’t cross it yet, but do pause to admire the original sign advising that cattles are not permitted to cross.

The massive white colonial building just past the bridge was formerly Singapore’s general post office, but it has now been resurrected as the Fullerton Hotel (2), one of the city’s best (and most expensive).

Keep walking down the bank of the river, at one point crossing a road and then promptly heading back down to the riverside. Soon enough you’ll see Singapore’s official committee-designed symbol the Merlion (3), half-lion, half-fish, staring purposefully out at tourists snapping away from the observation deck just opposite. Join them and you’ll be treated to a stunning view of the Central Business District’s skyscrapers and the Marina Bay Sands casino across the bay.

On the other side of the river you will spot two odd-shaped dome like buildings likened, depending on your interpretation, like giant insect eyes, or a durian fruit split in half. This is the Esplanade, a venue devoted to the music & fine arts.

Retrace your steps and cross Cavenagh Bridge (or the preceding Anderson Bridge) and walk along to the north side. To your left is Empress Place (4), now housing the Asian Civilisations Museum and the excellent but pricey IndoChine restaurant complex, also housing Bar Opiume and Siem Reap Cafe.

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Raffles’ statue at night

Just past Empress Place is a statue of Sir Stamford Raffles (5), the iconic founder of Singapore. Go on, join the other tourists and have your picture taken in front of it with the CBD skyscrapers as the backdrop, that’s what it’s there for.

With that, the sightseeing portion of today’s trip is now officially complete and you can concentrate on eating and drinking.

Cross Cavenagh Bridge and turn right: the long strip of restored, brightly lit and bustling shophouses in front of you is Boat Quay, a favorite hangout for Singapore’s expat crowd. The food here is expensive for what you get, but it’s worth stopping at Harry’s Bar (6) and sip on a refreshing pre-dinner gin and tonic ($10).

Push your way through the restaurant touts all the way to the end of Boat Quay and cross South Bridge Road, still following the river. A little way down you will find an outlet of Jumbo Seafood (7), famed for the iconic Singaporean dish chilli crab (around $3/100g). Order a side of mantou dumplings to sop up the delicious sauce and dig in — and leave the nice clothes at the hotel, because this dish can get messy!

After dinner, keep on walking and you’ll soon spot the bright lights of Clarke Quay and (further down) Robertson Quay. There are countless pubs, bars and clubs here which change rapidly, just spot one with a crowd and join in. In the unlikely event that you don’t find anything to your liking, grab a cab (or keep on walking) for the short hop down to Mohamed Sultan Road or Singapore’s most famous nightclub Zouk. Most establishments stay open until the wee hours and there’s usually discounted entrance or happy hours before 10, so party on until dawn!

Day 2

Culture Vulture

Today’s excursion concentrates more on the cultural side of things, with loops through Chinatown and Little India.

Approximate cost per person for admissions and transport: $10

Morning

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Day 2 morning walking route

Find your way onto the MRT North East Line and get off at Chinatown station Exit A. This will deposit you on Pagoda Street, right at the heart of Chinatown.

Immediately to your right as you come out is an outlet of Bee Cheng Hiang (1), a famous shop — now franchised, and the yellow-and-red signs can be seen all over Singapore — that sells sweet barbecued roast pork. During Chinese New Year, queues here can stretch for hours! Ask for a free sample and buy a box as a souvenir for any friends back home.

A few houses down the road to your left is the Chinatown Heritage Centre (2), an excellent and informative museum of Chinatown’s history and development. Admission fee is $10.

Keep on walking down the road, past the many stalls hawking what is mostly touristy kitsch. Pagoda Street ends on South Bridge Road and, immediately to your right, you will see the Sri Mariamman Temple (3). Take off your shoes and walk in to take a look, pausing to observe the intricately carved gopuram (gate statuary) above the entrance and the nonchalant cow statues perched on the roofs. Free admission but donations are welcome.

Further down South Bridge Road you will see (and smell) a number of Chinese herbal medicine shops, ready to cure anything that ails you with unlikely ingredients including dried seahorses and snake skin. Poke around and maybe pick up a bag or two of cheap and tasty dried fruits. After the shops, you’ll soon spot a gigantic gold/red coloured four-story Chinese pavilion: this is the Buddha Tooth Relic Temple (4), completed only in 2007. The holy relic in question is housed on the fourth floor, and if you arrive before 6pm, you’ll have a chance to gaze upon it from a distance before the exhibit closes for the day. On the roof, you’ll find 10,000 miniature Buddhas and a giant Tibetan-style prayer wheel.

Feeling peckish enough for lunch? If yes, you can turn right onto Smith Street (5) for a row of gentrified hawker stalls prettified for tourists (although many only open for dinner), or left into Maxwell Food Centre (6), which doesn’t score much points for ambience but does serve some very good local food. Pick the stall with the longest queue and dig in! Be sure to leave some room for dessert at Tong Heng (7) at 285 South Bridge Road, famed for its egg tarts ($1).

Properly stuffed, it’s time to take a break and digest all that at Tea Chapter (8), just down the street at 9 Neil Road (pick the right fork of the crossing), where you can be introduced to Chinese tea ceremony for as little as $8. This is not an experience to be rushed, particularly if you opt for one of the better grades of tea, so sit back and watch carefully as the staff shows you how to pour and appreciate a proper cup of tea. You can also buy Chinese tea and utensils from here.

Afternoon

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Day 2 afternoon walking route

It’s time to bow politely to China and take the MRT to India. Head back to Chinatown MRT station and board the North-East Line (three stations away) to Little India MRT station.

Take Exit C and walk down Bukit Timah Road. The big building to your left is Tekka Centre, a large wet market that sells all sorts of fresh meat, fish, fruits, vegetables. Worth a look if you haven’t seen one before, but the meat section is not for the squeamish.

The first road to your left is Serangoon Road, the central artery of Little India. Across the road is Tekka Mall/The Verge (1), Little India’s first and only air-con mall, but of more interest is the low-rise building to the left, which houses the Little India Arcade (2). This is a collection of small shops and stalls that sell all sorts of Indian items, some geared for tourists, but most are for the locals. Note the flower garlands, for decorating home shrines, and the little leaf packets with something red and white inside: this is paan, a mildly narcotic concoction of betel nut and lime. Go ahead and try some, but the taste is bitter, it stains your teeth red and you need to keep chewing for 20 minutes to get any buzz.

Return to Serangoon Road and walk up the street. Explore the countless little shops here, one specializing in bangles, another in incense, many in Indian music and Bollywood DVDs.

Soon to your right you will see Sri Veeramakaliamman Temple (3). This is Little India’s oldest temple, dating back to 1881, not as grand in size as Chinatown’s Sri Mariamman but usually much busier. In February (usually), this is also the starting point of the procession for Thaipusam, celebrated in Singapore and Malaysia by devotees who attach heavy weights and portable shrines to their skin with skewers (kavadi) and carry them kilometers across the city to another shrine. Free admission but donations are welcome.

Keep walking down Serangoon Road until you see Serangoon Plaza. The road leading right from here is Syed Alwi Road, home to a shopping extravaganza like no other, the inimitable Mustafa Centre (7). Open 24 hours every day, this perennially packed discount department store will happily sell you absolutely anything imaginable: on the same trip you can easily pick up a high-end camera, a tube of toothpaste, five kilos of mangoes, a golden necklace, some Bollywood DVDs, a box of imported Bisquick pancake mix, a washing machine and five meters of patterned silk. Next, you can get a suit tailored at Mustafa Tailor, eat fish and chips at Mustafa Restaurant, buy tickets at Mustafa Travel Agency, exchange your leftover Omani rials at Mustafa Exchange and collapse into a cheap room at Mustafa Hotel. While you can find pretty much anything you need here, electronics are a particularly good buy as prices are extremely competitive and there’s no hassle or risk of ripoffs. Just don’t expect much in the way of attentive service!

Hungry yet? If it’s already dinnertime, there are countless options in the vicinity, and if you’re adventurous by all means consider some fish head curry — Banana Leaf Apolo (5) and Muthu’s (6), on nearby Race Course Road, are both famous for this. Good yet less fishy options include Delhi, for somewhat upmarket North Indian fare just Serangoon Road, and Komala Vilas (4), for vegetarian South Indian goodies with outlets both back where you came from and a little more up the road on Serangoon.

Properly curried up, lug your big bags of Mustafa goodies across Serangoon Road, down Birch Street and into the air-conditioned coolness of the Farrer Park MRT station, from where you can head back to your hotel to rest your aching feet.

Day 3

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Tanjong Beach, Sentosa

Beach Bumming

A frank confession: by South-East Asian standards, Singapore’s beaches aren’t all that great. But the other options within easy day-tripping distance aren’t that much better, so if you have precisely one day to spare, you could do better by heading to Sentosa, Singapore’s island getaway. Bring along sunscreen, a swimsuit and a towel!

Drinks and food are more expensive in Sentosa, so it’s good to bring along something to eat and drink. One possible source to stock up on drinks and food at cheaper prices, are the supermarkets located at level one, inside the Vivocity or HarbourFront shopping mall.

Admissions and transport fees to Sentosa: $4 by Monorail, $2 by Bus~RWS8, $1 by walking in

Morning

Start by finding your way to HarbourFront, the southern terminus of MRT North-East Line, and then follow the signs towards the cable car — getting there involves crossing through a shopping mall and then a parking lot. Purchase a return ticket on the ground level ($29 including admission to Sentosa and Cable Car Museum), then head up by elevator.

The crossing takes just 5.5 minutes and gives good opportunities to gawk at the Port of Singapore (to your right), the massive Cruise ships at the Cruise Center below and the fancy condos to your right. After climbing up to a tower you’ll start your descent to Sentosa; to your left is the Resorts World, home to Singapore’s second casino and Universal Studios theme park.

The cable car will drop you off at the center of Sentosa. History buffs may wish to visit Images of Singapore & Madame Tussauds ($39) nearby, for a sanitized, kid-friendly version of Singapore’s history, but the Sky Tower and the Merlion don’t really have much to offer (you’ve already seen the same views from the cable car).

Hop onto a Red or Green Line bus and head one stop to Underwater World ($29.90), arguably the best of Sentosa’s attractions: this is a giant aquarium packed with sharks, manta rays and all sorts of weird and wonderful sea creatures. Next door is Fort Siloso, an authentic colonial-era British fort, where you are introduced to life as a soldier of a British Empire and taken through various well-done exhibits covering Singapore during World War II. (Not suitable for very young children, although older ones will probably get a kick out of it).

Afternoon

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There’s a huge Merlion on Sentosa, too!

Hungry yet? Avoid the awful cafeteria at Underwater World and head a few steps down to Siloso Beach, where you will find a number of decent restaurants including Sakae Sushi, Trapizza and hot Ibizan nightspot Cafe del Mar, which doubles as a restaurant during the day.

Take the Beach Tram through Beach Station (where you need to change trams) down to Dolphin Lagoon, which is kind of cheesy — dolphins and seals jumping through hoops and all that jazz — but free with your Underwater World’s ticket. Try to time your visit for the “Meet the Dolphin and Seals” sessions at 11AM, 2PM, 4PM and 5.45PM.

By now even the most determined traveller is going to feel a bit hot and sweaty. Head on back to Palawan Beach, right next to Dolphin Lagoon, which features the self-proclaimed Southernmost Point of the Asian Continent (a claim vigorously disputed by Malaysia) and the hip Cafe del Mar, a franchise of the Ibizan superclub. Peel down to your swimsuit, order a fruity cocktail and dip into the pool while watching the beach babes/hunks strutting their stuff.

Once you’ve had your fill of relaxing at the beach, there are two ways to continue.

Option 1: If you’ve had your fill of Sentosa, take the Red/Green Line bus to the Merlion, take the obligatory souvenir snapshots, then take the series of escalators back to the cable car station. Take the cable car back across to HarbourFront, but don’t get off yet — instead, continue straight onto Mount Faber for nice sunset views of Singapore. The Jewel Box houses several restaurants here is a little pricy, but the rooftop Moonstone it’s a nice place for a drink. And that’s it for today. Take the cable car back to HarbourFront and head out in search of dinner.

Option 2: If night is falling but you’re still in the mood for more Sentosa, take the Beach Tram back and catch the 7:40 PM or 8:40 PM shows at the Wings of Time, a multimedia extravaganza with singing, dancing, lasers, pyrotechnics and more. Tickets cost $18 and it’s best to book them early, as the show is popular, especially on weekends. You can settle down for dinner at the food court, the Malaysian Food Street (closed on Wed) near the Sentosa Express’s Waterfront monorail station. Near to this food court, there is also another multimedia free show, the Crane Dance, happening every night at 9pm. Once the show is over, you can either hop on a bus to the cable car station or just party the night away at Cafe del Mar.

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Reporting mainly on the Asia Pacific region and the global Coronavirus crises in countries such as the United States, Mainland China, Brazil, Mexico, Italy and Germany. Love to Travel and report daily on destinations reopening with a focus on Domestic travel within Europe, North America and the Caribbean. Fan of the English Premier League , the German Bundesliga,, the Spanish La Liga.

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News

New Parliament Tests Singapore’s Appetite for Opposition Politics

The latest session of Singapore’s Parliament opened in August with something it’s never seen before: the newly created role of Leader of the Opposition.

Pritam Singh, of the Workers' Party, took the position following an election that political analysts say signaled dissatisfaction with a system long dominated by a single party.

The July general election gave the Workers’ Party four more seats for a total of 10 in Parliament, compared to 83 for the ruling People’s Action Party. The Progress Singapore Party took two seats.

While Singapore has an open society, it has been run by a single party since independence from Britain. Voters have expressed a desire for political pluralism before, but political analysts say there are signs that this time may be different.

Dennis Tan, Singh’s fellow party member in Parliament, last week said voters “embraced the need for a diversity of viewpoints,” in addition to the views of the People’s Action Party, which has largely ruled since 1965.

“I hope the ruling party can start to accept that,” Tan said.

People's Action Party Secretary-General and Singaporean Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong, right, verifies his identity with a…
People's Action Party Secretary-General and Singaporean Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong, right, verifies his identity with a polling official at the Alexandra Primary School polling center in Singapore, July 10, 2020.

A record high of 11 parties participated in July’s general election. The PAP won 61% of the vote, near its all-time low of 60% support in the 2011 election.

After this most recent election, Lee Hsien Loong, the prime minister of Singapore and the secretary general of the PAP, acknowledged the public’s apparent desire for more “opposition presence in Parliament."

Heading into the new term, Lee told his fellow party members to brace for vigorous debate.

“With more opposition MPs in the new parliament, and a leader of the opposition formally designated, we must expect sharper questioning and debate in Parliament,” he wrote in a letter to them.

Political analyst Joshua Kurlantzick said the election suggests a “viable” opposition may form in the Southeast Asian nation.

“In the longer term, the stage may be set for more contested politics,” Kurlantzick wrote in an analysis for the Council on Foreign Relations, where he is a senior fellow for Southeast Asia.

He predicted that weaknesses in the ruling party could create openings for other parties.

“Besides the PAP’s struggle to control COVID-19, which (might) be a shorter-term issue, the persistently high cost of living, the hard-hit Singaporean white-collar workforce, the challenges with Singapore’s existing housing model, and other deeply entrenched socioeconomic problems will continue to challenge the PAP government,” he said.

Kenneth Paul Tan, an associate professor at the Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy, said the Singapore election results demonstrate a wish for more debate.

“I do think that they signal interests and concerns that many voters consider to be insufficiently audible in policymaking debates,” he told IsaanLive. “Also, the results signal broad dissatisfaction with the structural advantages and unfair tactics that the ruling party uses to secure its electoral dominance.”

The Progress Singapore Party said it would use its role as an opposition party to bring new ideas to the table.

“Over the course of the next few years, we look forward to more information and resources provided to the opposition for it to function as an effective voice and idea generator,” said Leong Mun Wai, one of two politicians who took up a seat in Parliament this session representing the Progress Singapore Party.

Original Article from Isaan.Live

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News

Singaporean pleads Guilty to Spying for China in the United States

Dickson Yeo1000x600

A Singaporean man recently pleaded guilty to spying for Chinese intelligence services, the US Department of Justice announced Friday.

The Singaporean has set up a fake consulting website to get information from the US government and military.

The Justice Department said Jun Wei Yeo, also known as Dickson Yeo, will be sentenced in October.

The United States is repressing Chinese espionage and the FBI interviewed dozens of US visa holders to determine whether they might have any ties to Chinese intelligence.

In another recent development, a Chinese researcher hiding in a Chinese consulate in San Francisco was arrested by US authorities.

According to documents submitted to the Federal Court in San Francisco this week, Ms. Juan Tang, of the University of California, Davis, falsified on her visa application that she had never served in the Chinese military. She was charged with visa fraud on June 26.

The head of the US spy agency recently warned that China and other countries could interfere in the November US election.

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Hong Kong

Diplomatic Timeline of the South China Sea from 1932 to 2020

“习近平忘了问台湾”是否愿统一 美议员将提案若台遭入侵授权总统动武

The South China Sea, called the “South China Sea” in China, is a large sea area south of China, east of Vietnam, west of the Philippines, north of Indonesia, and southeast of Malaysia. It extends to the Taiwan Strait in the northeast, and the Singapore Strait and the Strait of Malacca in the southwest.

The total area is about 3.5 million square kilometers, belonging to the Pacific Ocean. There are many islands and reefs in the South China Sea, and there are no indigenous people on the islands.

The sea area is rich in fishery resources and is believed to be rich in submarine oil and natural gas. China, Vietnam, the Philippines, Indonesia, Malaysia and Taiwan have all put forward all or part of the sovereignty claims on the islands in the South China Sea. Brunei put forward the requirement of exclusive economic zone. The parties have different names for the islands. The Spratly Islands are called “Nansha Islands” in China, and “Changsha Islands” in Vietnam, and other countries have their own names. The Paracel Islands are called the “Parcel Islands” in China and the “Huangsha Islands” in Vietnam. China and Vietnam have sovereignty disputes over this. Sovereignty disputes evolved into military conflicts.

2017

On July 2, the USS “Stansom” sailed within 12 nautical miles of the Zhongjian Island claimed by China in the South China Sea. China strongly protested this. Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman Lu Kang said that China dispatched warships and fighter jets to the waters and stated that US actions were “serious political and military provocations” and that such actions “seriously violated China’s sovereignty and threatened China’s security.”

On July 1, the United States and the Philippines conducted a four-day patrol in the Sulu Sea, where pirate attacks on merchant ships frequently occur in the southern Philippines.

On June 28, the commander of the US Pacific Command and Admiral Harris urged China to stop militarizing the disputed islands and reefs in the South China Sea in a speech to the Australian Strategic Policy Center in Brisbane, Australia.

On June 28, China’s state media Xinhua News Agency reported that China’s first 10,000-ton destroyer was launched at the Shanghai Jiangnan Shipyard.

In June, the quasi-aircraft carrier “Hatsuun” of Japan sailed to the waters near the “Nine-dash line” in the South China Sea advocated by China, during which it invited defense officials from 10 ASEAN countries, including Singapore, Laos, and Cambodia, as well as Japanese media and some Western media reporters. Interview with “Izumo” public training in the South China Sea for 5 days.

On June 25, the Liaoning aircraft carrier formation of the Chinese Navy left the Qingdao base and went south to conduct cross-sea training. The Liaoning aircraft carrier formation includes guided missile destroyers Jinan and Yinchuan, guided missile frigates Yantai, and several J-15 carrier-based fighters.

On June 15th, Admiral Scott Swift, commander of the US Pacific Fleet, stated in China that US naval vessels will conduct more cruises in the South China Sea this year. When he made the above remarks, the USS “Steret” guided missile destroyer was currently visiting Zhanjiang, Guangdong.

On June 12, the guided-missile destroyer “Steret” of the US Navy’s Third Fleet arrived at the Zhanjiang Military Port where the headquarters of the South China Sea Fleet of the Chinese Navy is located.

On June 8, two U.S. B-1B strategic bombers flew into the China Sea in Vietnam and conducted a joint exercise with the USS Strett guided-missile destroyer (DDG104).

On June 6, the U.S. Department of Defense released the 2017 China Military Power Annual Report. According to the report, China is building hangars for fighter jets, fixed weapon locations, barracks, administrative buildings, and communication equipment on Crossfire Reef (called Yongshu Reef in China), Zhubi Reef and Mischief Reef, each of which is being built. With an airstrip above 2,600 meters, once these facilities are completed, China can deploy up to three regiments in the Spratly Islands.

On June 3, US Secretary of Defense Mattis spoke of the South China Sea at the annual security forum in Singapore, saying that China’s militarization of artificial islands and reefs in the South China Sea is unacceptable in disregard of international order.

On May 31, US President Trump and Vietnamese Prime Minister Nguyen Xuan Phuc issued a joint statement after meeting in Washington, emphasizing the importance of freedom of navigation in the South China Sea.

On May 26, the US Coast Guard transferred the Hamilton-class high-endurance patrol ship “Morgan So” to the Vietnam Coast Guard in Honolulu, Hawaii.

On May 26, the US Department of Defense stated that a Navy P-3 Orion reconnaissance plane was intercepted by two Chinese J-10 fighter jets equipped with air-to-air missiles in the “international airspace” of the South China Sea. During this period, the operation of Chinese fighters was “unsafe and unprofessional.”

On May 24, the USS Dewey guided missile destroyer entered the waters within 12 nautical miles of the Mischief Reef that China claims in the South China Sea. This is the first free navigation operation of the U.S. Navy since President Trump took office on January 21 this year.

On May 23, the United States handed over six patrol boats to the Vietnam Coast Guard.

On May 18, the navies of India and Singapore began a seven-day military exercise in the South China Sea. This time India sent four advanced naval warships and long-range anti-submarine fighters to participate in the exercise, while Singapore sent several warships, Fokker 50 maritime patrol aircraft and F-16 fighter jets.

On May 18, Chinese state media Xinhua News Agency reported that China and members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations reached a framework agreement on the South China Sea Code of Conduct.

On May 17, the U.S. Pacific Theater Commander Harris said that whether it is in the South China Sea, the Atlantic Ocean, or the Mediterranean Sea, as long as permitted by international law, the United States should and is capable of conducting military activities such as free navigation.

On May 16, China’s official National Defense Times reported that China deployed anti-frogman rockets on Yongshu Reef.

On May 11, the Associated Press reported that Major General Raul Rosario, commander of the Western Military District of the Philippine Armed Forces, stated that a group of soldiers and advance supplies had arrived on Paigasa Island last week and were preparing to repair and lengthen the airstrip. And building docks.

From May 8th to 19th, the United States and the Philippines held a “Balikatan” exercise. The exercise avoided the disputed South China Sea and was held in the Pacific side of the Philippines’ main island, Luzon.

On May 6, Chinese navy ships arrived in Vietnam for a four-day visit.

On May 1, China announced that it would implement a three-month ban on fishing from 12:00 on May 1. This ban is 30 days longer than previous years and restricts more types of fishing activities. The fishing ban covers the entire South China Sea 12 degrees north of the equator.

On May 1, Philippine President Duterte visited the Chinese Navy guided-missile destroyer “Changchun” docked in his hometown of Davao City. “Changchun” and two other Chinese warships are on a three-day friendly visit to the Philippines.

On April 30, ASEAN softened its position on China on the issue of sovereignty in the South China Sea in its statement after the summit, and deleted sensitive words such as “reclamation of seas and islands and militarization” that may irritate China. In addition, the statement did not mention the Hague International Tribunal’s ruling on the South China Sea dispute.

On April 26, China’s first self-produced aircraft carrier was launched. This is China’s second aircraft carrier.

On April 21, Philippine Secretary of Defense Lorenzana boarded Zhongye Island and declared the sovereignty of the Philippines.

On April 20, the Philippine military stated that the Philippine authorities had ordered an investigation into reports of harassment of Philippine fishermen by “foreign ships” near Chinese man-made islands and reefs.

On April 11, the foreign ministers of the Group of Seven (G7) stated that the ruling of an international arbitration tribunal in The Hague last year on the Philippines v. China arbitration case should be used as the basis for the future settlement of the South China Sea dispute. The seven foreign ministers also issued a joint communiqué calling on all parties to implement the arbitration results.

On April 6, the Asian Maritime Transparency Initiative (AMTI) of the Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS), a US think tank, stated that on March 29, it would provide a report on Yongxing Island, Woody Island in the Paracel Islands in the South China Sea (called Xisha in China). A Chinese J-11 fighter jet can be seen on the satellite photo of the archipelago (Yongxing Island).

On April 6, Philippine President Duterte said that he had ordered troops to station in some uninhabited islands and reefs in the disputed waters of the South China Sea.

On March 31, the Acting Philippine Foreign Minister Enrique Manaro stated in an interview with the media that the Philippines rejected China’s repeated exploration of the “Benham Rise” (Benham Rise, also translated as “Benham Heights”). Sea area request. Manila said that only under the conditions that Philippine scientists can observe on-site can Chinese exploration be permitted.

On February 21, the Chinese Ministry of Foreign Affairs did not name by name to protest the US aircraft carrier fleet’s patrol in the South China Sea, saying it opposed threats to the sovereignty and security of coastal states under the banner of “freedom of navigation and overflight.”

On February 18, the USS Carl Vinson aircraft carrier battle group began routine patrols in the South China Sea.

On February 8, a U.S. Navy P-3 reconnaissance aircraft and an Air Police-200 early warning aircraft of the Chinese Army flew at close range in the international airspace near the Scarborough Shoal (Huangyan Island) in the South China Sea as the U.S. military said. However, the distance is less than 305 meters. The US called this encounter “extremely rare” and “unsafe.”

On February 7, Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi, who was visiting Australia, suggested that “American friends revisit the history of World War II” in response to the South China dispute. He said that as a result of victory in World War II, the “Cairo Declaration” and the “Potsdam Proclamation” clearly stipulated that Japan must return the stolen Chinese territory to China, including the Spratly Islands (Spratly Islands). He also said that in 1946, the Chinese government at the time recovered the Nansha Islands with the assistance of the United States.

On February 4, US Secretary of Defense Mattis who visited Japan said that China’s actions in the South China Sea undermined the trust of countries in the region, but he said, “ At present, we don’t think there is any need to take major military actions. ”

On January 27, Australian Foreign Minister Julie Bishop called on the United States to consolidate rather than weaken its leadership in the Indo-Pacific region at the US-Australia Indo-Pacific Cooperation Dialogue.

On January 24, Chinese Foreign Ministry Spokesperson Hua Chunying responded to the relevant comments made by the White House spokesperson one day ago at a regular press conference: “The United States is not a party to the disputes in the South China Sea. We urge the United States to respect objective facts, and to be honest. Be cautious so as not to damage the peace and stability of the South China Sea.”

On January 23, the new White House spokesperson Sean Spicer said at the first regular White House press conference: “In the South China Sea in those areas of international waters and international activities, the United States will ensure that we protect our interests there. .”

On January 17, Philippine Secretary of Defense Lorenzana issued a statement saying that China’s militarization of South China’s islands and reefs is worrying. Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesperson Hua Chunying said that China has the right to deploy “necessary and appropriate” defense facilities on its own territory. She also said that the efforts of relevant parties such as China and the Philippines are gradually cooling the situation in the South China Sea. Earlier, Philippine Foreign Minister Yasai said that the Philippines privately submitted a diplomatic note to China last month regarding China’s deployment of missiles in the Spratly Islands (Spratly Islands). This low-key handling is to avoid angering China.

On January 16, Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe, who was visiting Vietnam, announced that Japan would provide six patrol boats to Vietnam. Vietnamese Prime Minister Nguyen Xuan Phuc said that the two countries share the same views on the importance of ensuring peace, security, and navigation and flight safety in the South China Sea, and promote peaceful means rather than the use of force or the threat of use of force to resolve disputes.

From January 12th to 15th, the General Secretary of the Communist Party of Vietnam Nguyen Phu Trong visited China, during which the two parties issued a joint communiqu Declaration, and early reached the “Code of Conduct in the South China Sea.”

On January 12, the Philippines stated that it would postpone repairs and upgrades of islands and reefs and other marine features occupied by the country in the disputed area of ​​the South China Sea to avoid angering China.

On January 11, at the nomination review hearing held by the U.S. Senate, Secretary of State-designate Tillerson said that China’s reclamation and construction of islands and military installations in the South China Sea are similar to Russia’s annexation of Crimea. He also said that the United States must clearly tell China that first, it must stop island-building operations, and second, the United States will not allow China to use these islands.

On January 11, the Chinese government issued the “China’s Asia-Pacific Security Cooperation Policy” white paper, stating that “small and medium-sized countries do not have to and should not choose sides among large countries.”

On January 11, the Chinese aircraft carrier “Liaoning” entered the Taiwan Strait Southwest Air Defense Identification Zone on its way back.

On January 6, a senior Philippine official stated that the agenda of this year’s ASEAN summit does not include the 2016 International Permanent Court of Arbitration on the South China Sea issue.

On January 4, the Russian ambassador to the Philippines stated that Russia is ready to provide the Philippines with precision weapons such as aircraft and submarines to establish closer friendly relations between the two countries. Duterte had previously expressed his intention to establish an alliance with Russia.

On January 2, the formation of the Chinese aircraft carrier “Liaoning”, which performed cross-sea area training and testing, conducted formation and carrier aircraft training in the South China Sea. This is one of the training contents of the Liaoning fleet across the sea area.

2016

On December 30, Philippine Secretary of Defense Lorenzana said that it would move the joint naval exercise site with the United States to areas outside the disputed South China Sea to avoid “annoying” neighbor China.

On December 26, the Chinese aircraft carrier formation “Liaoning” entered the northern part of the South China Sea through the waters south of Taiwan. The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of China stated that the “Liaoning” has the right to free navigation granted by international law.

On December 22, the Chinese state media Xinhua News Agency reported that China began operating civil business charter flights to and from Woody Island in the disputed Paracel Islands in the South China Sea (China’s called Yongxing Island in the Paracel Islands). The first flight took off from Haikou City, Hainan Province on the 21st and landed at Yongxing Airport.

On December 20, the rescue boat No. 510 of the Chinese Navy returned the hijacked unmanned submarine in the South China Sea to the USS Mustin guided-missile destroyer.

On December 19, in response to Philippine President Duterte’s remarks about shelving the arbitration case, Philippine Foreign Minister Yasai said that the Philippines will not “deviate” from the arbitration decision, but it must first establish a relationship of trust with China.

On December 17, Philippine President Duterte stated that he would “set aside” the July decision of the International Arbitration Tribunal on China’s sovereignty claims over most of the South China Sea because he did not want to impose the award on China.

On December 15, the rescue vessel 510 of the Chinese Navy hijacked an unmanned submarine that was being recovered by the U.S. Navy’s “Boditch” marine survey vessel in the international waters of the South China Sea. The US Department of Defense issued a statement claiming that China had illegally taken US government property and demanded that China return it immediately.

In December, the Asian Maritime Transparency Project stated that the Chinese military is likely to have installed air defense and anti-missile systems on man-made islands in the South China Sea. The Philippines said it would not protest China’s “militarization” actions.

On December 9, Taiwan’s President Tsai Ing-wen said that Taiwan will firmly defend its territorial sovereignty in the South China Sea.

On December 8, the Chinese Navy held a high-profile “commemorative event for the 70th anniversary of the recovery of Southwestern Sands” in Beijing. The Vietnamese government subsequently expressed its “resolute opposition”.

In December, satellite imagery showed that Vietnam began excavation operations on the disputed South China island reef Lad Reef (known as the Japanese Reef in China).

On December 2, US President-elect Trump and Taiwanese President Tsai Ing-wen had a phone conversation that broke the convention.

On November 29, the Taiwan Maritime Patrol Agency held its first search and rescue exercise on Ituaba Island (Taiping Island).

On November 23, Philippine officials claimed that Duterte used an executive order to declare part of the disputed Scarborough Shoal (called Huangyan Island in China) as a nature reserve, prohibiting fishermen from fishing.

In November, during the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation Summit, Chinese President Xi Jinping once again met with Philippine President Duterte, reiterating that the South China Sea issue should be resolved peacefully within a bilateral framework and opposing the intervention of other countries or international organizations. Duterte stated that the Philippines is willing to properly handle it through dialogue and consultation.

On October 31, Malaysian Prime Minister Najib launched a visit to China. Malaysia will purchase four patrol ships from China.

On October 26, Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe and visiting Philippine President Duterte held a summit. Japan will provide a loan of US$210 million for the Philippines’ maritime security projects.

On October 21, the US military once again launched a free navigation operation in the controversial South China Sea, which was carried out by the USS Decatur guided-missile destroyer. The ship entered the waters near Triton Island (called Zhongjian Island in China) and Woody Island (called Yongxing Island in China), but did not enter the reef within 12 nautical miles. China condemned.

From October 18th to 21st, Philippine President Duterte and 250 business leaders visited China and met with Xi Jinping and Li Keqiang. During the period, he announced “break up with the United States” at the China-Philippines Economic and Trade Cooperation Forum.

On October 5, Philippine Defense Secretary Lorenzana said that President Duterte hoped to suspend the plans for the US and the Philippines to conduct joint patrols and naval exercises in the South China Sea.

On October 4, the US and Philippine armies held an annual joint military exercise.

On October 2, Philippine President Duterte ordered the reiteration of the 2014 US-Philippines “Strengthening Defense Cooperation Agreement.”

On September 15, Philippine Foreign Minister Yasai stated in Washington that the Philippines was “loyal” and “cherished the “US-Philippines alliance.” But he also said that the Philippines is unwilling to be taught on human rights issues.

On September 12, the Chinese and Russian navies began an 8-day joint military exercise in the relevant sea and airspace of the South China Sea.

On September 12, Philippine President Duterte said that he hoped that all US troops would withdraw from the southern Philippines and that the United States would be responsible for the local Muslim militants’ unrest.

On September 10, Vietnamese Prime Minister Nguyen Xuan Phuc began a week-long visit to China. On the 12th, Li Keqiang told Nguyen Xuan Phuc that China and Vietnam should work together to maintain peace and stability in the South China Sea.

On September 7, the Chairman’s statement issued by the ASEAN Summit in Vientiane stated that ASEAN leaders expressed serious concerns about the situation in the South China Sea, but did not directly mention the South China Sea dispute award of the Hague International Arbitration Tribunal.

On September 5, when Philippine President Duterte went to Vientiane, Laos, to attend the ASEAN summit, he said that if President Obama talked about the human rights issues in the Philippines and his extrajudicial executions for drug crimes during the talks, he would “curse” Obama. He also insulted Obama with the Filipino “bitch”. The next day, the White House cancelled the scheduled meeting between Obama and Duterte.

On September 3, US President Obama arrived in China to attend the G20 summit. In an exclusive interview broadcast by CNN on the 4th, he stated that Beijing must abide by international law and that if something is done in the territories of a disputed area, there will be consequences.

On August 31, US Secretary of State Kerry said during a visit to New Delhi, India, that after the Hague Arbitration Court makes a ruling on the disputed waters of the South China Sea, the United States will work with allies to safeguard the freedom of navigation in the waters.

On August 24, Philippine President Duterte said that both Beijing and Manila must accept international arbitration over the South China Sea, but Manila will negotiate with Beijing in an independent manner.

On August 22, the 15th Joint Maritime Exercise of Southeast Asia Cooperation Training led by the US Navy was held in Singapore, involving sea areas including the South China Sea. Countries participating in the exercise include Singapore, Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Thailand, Bangladesh and Cambodia.

On August 18, Indonesia named part of the South China Sea the Natuna Sea.

On August 16, Indonesia vowed to defend “every inch” of its territory and actively participate in the settlement of disputes in the South China Sea.

On August 16, the 13th Senior Officials Meeting of Representatives of ASEAN Countries was held in Manzhouli City, Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, China, to discuss the implementation of the “Declaration on the Conduct of Parties in the South China Sea” and promote consultations on the “Code of Conduct in the South China Sea”. The meeting passed the “Guidelines for the Hotline Platform for Senior Diplomatic Officials of China and ASEAN Countries in Response to Maritime Emergencies” and “Joint Statement between China and ASEAN Countries on the Application of the “Rules for Unexpected Encounters at Sea” in the South China Sea”. These two documents will be submitted in September It was finally adopted at the China-ASEAN Leaders’ Meeting.

On August 16, Taiwan’s Minister of Interior Ye Junrong boarded Taiping Island (Ituaba Island) to declare sovereignty.

On August 15, China stated that the G20 would not involve the South China Sea issue, and the United States urged transparency.

In August, former Philippine President Ramos visited Hong Kong as a special envoy of current President Duterte. During this period, he held informal consultations with Fu Ying, former Chinese Vice Foreign Minister, but did not involve the core issues of sovereignty in the South China Sea.

On August 9, Vietnam has quietly deployed new mobile rocket launchers on some islands and reefs in the South China Sea. The Vietnamese Ministry of Foreign Affairs denied the authenticity of this news.

On August 8, a guided missile destroyer of the U.S. Navy arrived in China for the first time since The Hague arbitrated in the South China Sea.

On August 6, China conducted a so-called “routine combat cruise” in the South China Sea, which is disputed over sovereignty. A spokesperson for the Chinese Air Force stated that the Chinese Air Force organized bombers, fighters, reconnaissance planes and other types of aircraft to conduct combat cruises in the airspace around Nansha Island and Scarborough Shoal (called Huangyan Island in China).

On August 3, the Philippine authorities warned local fishermen that they should avoid the Scarborough Shoal (called Huangyan Island in China and Panatage Reef in the Philippines) in the disputed waters of the South China Sea to avoid harassment by China.

On August 2, China stated that it would start exercising judicial power in disputed waters including the South China Sea.

On July 24, Chinese state media broadcasted the Chinese military’s military exercises in the South China Sea.

In July, after the China-Philippines South China Sea ruling, some Chinese took to the streets to boycott KFC stores and Apple products from the United States in order to vent their dissatisfaction with the United States, which they believe is the driving force behind.

On July 20th, five fishing boats sailed from Pingtung County in southern Taiwan to a major island that Taiwan sworn in the disputed South China Sea to resist the narrow landform made by the Hague Arbitration Court, not an island but a rock. Ruling. This means that the island has no right to establish an exclusive economic zone in the surrounding waters.

On July 19, Philippine Foreign Minister Yasai said that the Philippine government rejected China’s proposal for dialogue on the sovereignty dispute in the South China Sea because Beijing did not allow the decision of the International Court of Justice the previous week as the basis for dialogue.

On July 14, Taiwan’s former president Ma Ying-jeou publicly expressed his views on the South China Sea arbitration case, saying that the “eleven-dash line” advocated by Taipei and the “nine-dash line” claimed by Beijing cannot be confused.

On July 14, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Vietnam responded in principle to the two civil aircraft requisitioned by the Chinese government for a “check flight” to the newly-built Yongshu Jiao airport in Nansha the day before, stating that “Vietnam retains its legal rights in the East China Sea (China calls it the South China Sea). These include sovereignty over the Paracel Islands (China called the Paracel Islands, Vietnam called the Huangsha Islands) and the Spratly Islands (China called the Nansha Islands, Vietnam called the Changsha Islands), as well as the “United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea”. Ocean rights.”

On July 13, the Philippine and Japanese Coast Guards held a joint maritime law enforcement exercise in Manila Bay.

On July 12, the Permanent International Court of Arbitration in The Hague made a final ruling that China’s nine-dash line claim is illegal and invalid and China’s actions harm the Philippines’ maritime rights and interests. The Philippines filed a lawsuit against China in the arbitration tribunal in 2013. The Philippine side has won victory on all major issues, and the Chinese side does not recognize or accept this result.

On June 7, the eighth round of the annual US-China Strategic and Economic Dialogue concluded in Beijing. On the South China Sea issue, both sides still have their own words.

On June 7, Xinhua News Agency reported that China will open two more lighthouses in the disputed Meschief Reef (Mischief Reef) and Crossfire Reef (Yongshu Reef) in the South China Sea this year.

On June 5, Chinese Admiral Sun Jianguo, the head of the Chinese delegation to the Shangri-La Dialogue, criticized the United States for causing trouble in the South China Sea without naming names, and criticized the Philippines for using international law as a guise to submit the South China Sea dispute to the International Court of Justice for arbitration. He made it clear that China will not accept or implement the arbitration results. At the same time, he responded to the “self-isolation” of US Secretary of Defense Carter, saying that China “has not been isolated in the past, nor is it isolated now, nor will it be isolated in the future.”

On June 4, US Secretary of Defense Carter stated at the Shangri-La Dialogue that if China continues to engage in provocative militarization of disputed islands and reefs in the South China Sea, it may eventually build a great wall of self-isolation.

On June 3, the US Secretary of Defense who participated in the Shangri-La Dialogue and the host Singapore’s Minister of Defense jointly called for the maintenance of security order in Asia and the guarantee of trade and trade in the South China Sea and the Strait of Malacca.

From June 3 to August 4, 26 countries including China participated in the 2016 Pacific Rim Military Exercise (RIMPAC) hosted by the United States.

On May 30, Xi Jinping called the newly-elected President Duterte of the Philippines, expressing his hope to promote China-Philippines relations “to return to the track of healthy development.”

In May, two ships of the Philippine Coast Guard intercepted a Chinese fishing boat in the waters off Luzon Island in the northeast and arrested 10 Chinese fishermen on board, claiming that they had violated the territorial waters of the Philippines.

On May 23, US President Barack Obama, who visited Vietnam, said at a press conference: “The United States will lift all arms embargoes on Vietnam.”

On May 21, the Russia-ASEAN summit publicly mentioned the South China Sea issue. The two sides urge all parties to sign a code of conduct in the South China Sea as soon as possible, and call for the guarantee of freedom of navigation in the sea and freedom of overflight. This is the first time Russia has expressed its position on the South China Sea Code of Conduct.

On May 17, an EP-3 reconnaissance aircraft of the US Navy was intercepted by two Chinese J-11 fighter jets at close range while performing a routine mission in the international airspace of the South China Sea.

On May 17, after reports appeared that Vietnam was carrying out reclamation projects on disputed islands and reefs in the South China Sea, the US State Department called on all claimants to stop reclamation and island construction.

In May, Taiwan’s President Ma Ying-jeou sent a letter inviting arbitrators in the South China Sea arbitration case and Philippine representatives to visit Taiping Island (Ituaba Island), but the Philippines refused. The arbitration tribunal did not give a positive response.

May 10th. The U.S. Department of Defense dispatched the “William Lawrence” warship to sail within 12 nautical miles of the Chinese-controlled Crossfire Reef (called Yongshu Reef in China) to perform a free navigation mission. The US Department of Defense stated that the move is to “challenge excessive maritime claims.”

On May 9, Duterte won the Philippine presidential election, heralding a turning point in Sino-Philippines and US-Philippine relations.

On May 5th, an inspection team composed of several senior officials of the National Security Council of Taiwan landed on Ituaba Island in the Spratly Islands (Taiping Island in the Spratly Islands), including former Chief Executive Hao Bocun, Mao Zhiguo and the former National Security Council Secretary-General Su Qi, Hu Weizhen and others.

On May 2, China sent warships and special forces to participate in a joint military exercise held by the 10 ASEAN member states and six countries including the United States and India. The exercise took place in the coastal waters of Singapore, Brunei and the South China Sea.

On April 29, the United States Pentagon stated that the US Navy’s aircraft carrier “Stannis” and its accompanying ships were denied entry to Hong Kong.

In April, China is vigorously building offshore floating nuclear power plants to provide electricity for new facilities in disputed South Chinese waters.

On April 24, Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi told reporters in Laos that China, Brunei, Cambodia, and Laos all believe that the countries directly involved should resolve the South China Sea disputes through dialogue and consultation. The disputes are not between China and ASEAN. The problem between. Among the three countries, only Brunei has a territorial dispute with China.

On April 18, Chinese state media reported that a naval patrol plane carrying out an air patrol mission in the South China Sea landed at the disputed Crossfire Reef (called Yongshu Reef in China) airport to carry out the transfer of three seriously ill construction workers. task.

In April, China’s military newspaper “Liberation Army Daily” reported that China conducted a new round of military exercises closer to actual combat in response to the situation in the South China Sea.

On April 15, U.S. Secretary of Defense Carter boarded a U.S. aircraft carrier in the South China Sea for inspection. The “John C. Stennis” aircraft carrier was traveling about 100 kilometers west of the Philippines.

On April 15, the Ministry of National Defense of China stated that Fan Changlong, Vice Chairman of the Chinese Military Commission, had recently led the leaders of relevant departments to inspect “related islands and reefs in Nansha.” According to the Wall Street Journal, US officials revealed that Fan Changlong had arrived in the South China Sea by plane the previous weekend, and his destination was an artificial island near Crossfire Reef (Yongshu Reef).

On April 14, the United States and the Philippines held a live-fire exercise near Manila as part of the annual joint military exercise between the two countries.

On March 23, the Taiwanese government invited a group of foreign media reporters to board Taiping Island (Ituaba Island) and showed that this is a natural island, not a reef.

On March 9, Philippine President Aquino announced that he was planning to lease 5 aircraft from Japan for patrols in disputed areas in the South China Sea.

On March 9, Australia’s 2016 defense white paper emphasized its attention to the South China Sea.

On March 8, “The Diplomat” magazine reported that new satellite images showed that China started a new land reclamation project in the Paracel Islands (Parcel Islands) in the South China Sea.

On March 8, Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi said at a press conference at the National People’s Congress: “China is not the first country to deploy weapons in Nansha, nor is it the country with the most weapons, nor the country with the most frequent military activities; now everyone They are all talking about militarization, but I don’t think the hat of militarization can be put on China. There are more suitable countries to wear.”

On March 2, according to Philippine officials, China recently dispatched several ships to an island in the disputed South China Sea to prevent Filipino fishermen from entering their fishing grounds.

On March 1, the USS Stanislas carrier battle group of the US Seventh Fleet sailed into the South China Sea.

On March 1, Xi Jinping met with the special envoy of the Viet Cong in Beijing and said that differences should be properly handled.

On February 29, Japan and the Philippines signed a defense technology transfer framework agreement.

On February 23, Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi visited the United States and held a joint press conference with U.S. Secretary of State Kerry in Washington, where they spoke on the South China Sea issue.

On February 23, the Asian Maritime Transparency Project stated that China is building a radar system covering the disputed islands and reefs it controls in the South China Sea.

In February, satellite images released by Fox News showed that China deployed a surface-to-air missile system on Woody Island (China’s Yongxing Island) in the Paracel Islands (China’s called the Paracel Islands).

In February, the United States hosted the ASEAN Summit in California, and the South China Sea became one of the core issues. Obama stated that the claimants in the South China Sea should respect international arbitration.

On January 30, the USS Curtis Wilbur guided missile destroyer sailed for 12 nautical miles into Triton Island in the Paracel Islands in the South China Sea during the “Freedom of Navigation” operation. Within the sea.

On January 28, Taiwanese President Ma Ying-jeou arrived at Taiping Island (Ituaba Island) for inspection and declared sovereignty.

In January, China conducted a test flight of a civil airliner at the Crossfire Reef of the Spratly Islands (called the Yongshu Reef of the Nansha Islands) in the disputed sovereignty.

2015

On December 27, a local government official in the Philippines confirmed that a group of Filipino protesters had landed on a disputed island under Philippine control in the South China Sea.

On December 24, Japan passed the largest defense budget in history.

On December 10, when two U.S. B-52 bombers flew in the South China Sea, one of them flew within two nautical miles of Kronde Reef (Huayang Reef). China has an artificial island construction project here. China protests the provocation by the United States. The United States said that the U.S. military plane strayed into the airspace near the islands and reefs, and stated that this was a routine training, not a “freedom of navigation” operation.

On December 15, the BBC reported that when a BBC reporter hired a private small plane to approach the disputed islands and reefs guarded by Chinese soldiers a few days ago, they heard a P-3 Orion reconnaissance aircraft of the Royal Australian Air Force flying in the nearby airspace. The Chinese navy shouted that the Australian military aircraft said that it was sailing in international waters.

In December, authorities in the central Vietnamese city of Da Nang fined 64 Chinese citizens who were working in coastal cities with tourist visas and repatriated them.

In December, the US Department of Defense confirmed that it would deploy the P-8 Poseidon anti-submarine reconnaissance aircraft in Singapore for the first time from 7 to 14.

On December 1, the Hague International Court of Arbitration issued a statement that it will announce in 2016 the results of the trial in the case of the Philippines against China in relation to the sovereignty dispute in the South China Sea.

On November 28, the Philippines accepted the first batch of Korean-made jet fighters.

In November, The Diplomat reported that China deployed four J-11 fighter jets on Woody Island (Yongxing Island).

On November 17, the White House issued a briefing on the development and consolidation of maritime security in Southeast Asia. The United States pledged to invest US$119 million in the 2015 fiscal year and seek an additional allocation of 140 million in the 2016 fiscal year. Ten thousand U.S. dollars.

On November 17, the Philippines and Vietnam issued a joint statement, elevating the relationship between the two countries to a “strategic partnership.”

On November 17, U.S. President Barack Obama boarded the main battleship of the Philippine Navy during his attendance at the APEC Summit, and once again emphasized the U.S. commitment to the security of the Philippines and freedom of navigation in the South China Sea.

On November 12, the Pentagon confirmed that two U.S. military B-52 strategic bombers flew over China’s artificial islands and reefs in the Spratly Islands in the South China Sea on the 8th and 9th. The US side stated that this was a routine flight and the US plane did not enter within 12 nautical miles of the artificial islands and reefs.

On November 5, U.S. Secretary of Defense Carter inspected the US aircraft carrier Roosevelt sailing in the South China Sea and pointed out that tensions caused by China’s expansion in the waters are escalating.

From November 5th to 7th, Chinese President Xi Jinping paid a state visit to Vietnam and Singapore.

On October 30, the International Court of Arbitration decided to accept a lawsuit filed by the Philippines concerning China’s expansion activities in the South China Sea. The court stated that it would accept seven of the 15 lawsuits filed by the Philippines against China.

On October 27, the USS Larsen guided missile destroyer into the 12-nautical-mile range of Subi Reef in the Spratly Islands during Operation Freedom of Navigation. China has an artificial island-building operation on this reef.

On October 17, General Fan Changlong, the vice chairman of the Central Military Commission of the Communist Party of China, stated at the Xiangshan Forum in Beijing that, even on issues involving territorial sovereignty, China will never resort to force and avoid wiping out guns. The parties directly involved resolve their differences and disputes through friendly consultations.

On October 16, Chinese Defense Minister General Chang Wanquan said at the first informal meeting of defense ministers of China and the 10 ASEAN countries in Beijing that China is willing to hold a maritime “joint training” with ASEAN in the South China Sea in 2016. “Maritime Search and Rescue and Disaster Relief Joint Exercise” to maintain regional peace and stability.

On September 28, when Vietnamese President Zhang Jinchuang, who participated in the 70th United Nations General Assembly in New York, was invited to deliver a speech at the Asia Society, he did not name and criticized China’s unilateral actions in the South China Sea as violating international law.

On September 25, during the US-China summit at the White House, President Obama said that he had expressed to President Xi Jinping his serious concerns about the construction and militarization of islands in disputed areas. Xi Jinping emphasized that China is committed to freedom of navigation at sea. He said that the South China Sea Islands have been Chinese territory since ancient times, and China has no intention of militarization.

In September, the media quoted satellite photos released by the Center for Strategic and International Studies, a US think tank, saying that China was building a third airstrip on the disputed island reef Mischief Reef in the South China Sea.

On August 24, the Chinese media Xinhuanet reported that China had completed another exploratory well in the South China Sea.

In August, the Philippines planned to open an eco-tourism zone in the disputed South China Sea.

On August 20, the US Department of Defense issued a report on maritime security strategy in the Asia-Pacific region, stating that China has reclaimed nearly 3,000 acres in the disputed waters of the South China Sea over the past year or so.

On August 6, the 48th ASEAN Foreign Ministers’ Meeting and a series of meetings concluded in Kuala Lumpur. The foreign ministers of Southeast Asian countries stated in a joint communiqué that the reclamation of the South China Sea has increased the tension in the region and may also image the peace, security and stability of the region. The Chinese government accused the Philippines and Japan of making “false remarks” on the South China Sea issue at relevant ASEAN meetings.

Starting on July 22, China has launched a 10-day military exercise in the South China Sea.

On July 18, the commander of the US Pacific Fleet, Scott Swift, took a US P8A Poseidon anti-submarine reconnaissance plane to cruise in the airspace of the South China Sea for 7 hours.

In July, the Philippine government decided to open the former US naval base in Subic Bay.

On July 8, the United Nations International Arbitration Tribunal for the Law of the Sea opened in The Hague, the Netherlands, to hear the maritime arbitration case submitted by the Philippines.

On July 4, Japan and Thailand, Myanmar, Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos and other Mekong basin countries held a summit in Tokyo and issued a statement, expressing “notice the relevant concerns” on the issue of reclamation and island building in the South China Sea. However, the joint document for the summit called “New Tokyo Strategy 2015” avoided directly naming China.

In July, satellite photos released by the Asia Maritime Transparency Project showed that China’s construction of the runway on the crossfire reef of the Spratly Islands in the disputed South China Sea (called the Yongshu Reef of the Nansha Islands in China) is nearing completion. The length can be used for military use.

In June, China stated that it had completed the island-building project in the disputed South China Sea, and the next stage will start the construction of facilities that meet the relevant functions.

On June 25, the China Maritime Safety Administration announced that the Chinese government would once again deploy the “Offshore Oil 981” drilling platform in the South China Sea for oil and gas exploration.

On June 24, Taiwan’s President Ma Ying-jeou stated that Taiwan will propose a road map for the South China Sea Peace Initiative.

On June 23, the United States and China formally began their annual strategic and economic dialogue in Washington. US officials said they discussed China’s controversial reclamation activities.

On June 11, US Secretary of Defense Carter urged Beijing to stop artificial island-building activities in the disputed waters of the South China Sea while receiving the visiting Vice Chairman of the Chinese Central Military Commission Fan Changlong.

On June 8, the leaders of the G-7 summit in Germany issued a statement expressing “strong opposition” to the reclamation of islands in the disputed South China waters, but the statement did not make clear Call China.

On June 7, Vietnam’s “Youth Daily” reported that Chinese ships used high-pressure water cannons to damage Vietnamese fishing boats. Three days later, another Vietnamese fishing boat was attacked.

On June 5, the Philippines was concerned that Chinese warships fired warning shots at Philippine fishing boats.

In June, Vietnam negotiated with European and American military equipment contractors to purchase a variety of aircraft to strengthen air defense systems to deal with China.

In June, Vietnam opened the Changsha Islands for tourism. The Changsha Islands are Vietnam’s name for the Spratly Islands, and China is called the Spratly Islands.

On June 4, the Japan-Philippines summit issued a declaration on the situation in the South China Sea.

On June 1, the US Secretary of Defense pledged to provide 18 million US dollars to help Vietnam purchase US-made coast guard patrol boats to enhance Vietnam’s maritime defense capabilities. Obama severely warned China that China’s reclamation and island-building activities in the South China Sea have adverse effects and pose a threat to the prosperity of Southeast Asia.

On May 31, the United States, Japan and Australia jointly declared that China should stop building islands.

On May 30, US Secretary of Defense Carter stated during the Shangri-La Dialogue in Singapore that the United States has the right to pay attention to the situation in the South China Sea and emphasized that the United States hopes to see relevant disputes resolved peacefully. Later, China’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs spokesperson Hua Chunying stated that the US’s remarks were “making irresponsible remarks and instigating divorce” on “China’s long-established sovereignty and rights in the South China Sea”. She said, “The United States is not a country involved in the South China Sea issue, and the South China Sea issue is not and should not become an issue between China and the United States.”

On May 30, the leaders of Japan and the European Union issued a joint statement urging China not to take unilateral actions in its maritime sovereignty disputes with neighboring countries.

On May 29, U.S. officials stated that U.S. reconnaissance photos showed that China had deployed weapons on an island reef for reclamation and expansion in the South China Sea, confirming their suspicion that Beijing was developing these reefs for military purposes. The US State Department clearly stated that it opposes China’s militarization of disputed islands and reefs in the South China Sea. The United States urges all parties that claim sovereignty over South China’s islands and reefs to immediately and permanently stop reclamation and island-building activities.

On May 28, the US Secretary of Defense urged China to immediately stop reclamation and island building.

On May 27, the White House reiterated the importance of smooth commercial navigation in the South China Sea.

On May 23, Biden claimed that China’s actions challenged the principle of free navigation in the South China Sea.

On May 21, the Chinese Navy issued eight warnings to a US reconnaissance plane flying over man-made islands and reefs.

On May 14, the United States will maintain its strongest military presence in the South China Sea.

On May 12, Japan, the Philippines and Vietnam strengthened maritime cooperation in the South China Sea.

On May 11, Australia called on China not to build an air defense identification zone in the South China Sea.

On May 5, the Philippines and China accused each other of building construction projects on disputed islands and reefs.

On April 29, Obama said that the United States and Japan are concerned about China’s behavior in the South China Sea.

On April 26, ASEAN foreign ministers called on China to stop reclamation projects.

On April 21, Aquino stated that Vietnam requested an alliance with the Philippines to deal with China.

On April 18, the President of the Philippines stated that China’s reclamation of seas and islands would affect global trade.

On April 17, China continued to build runways on disputed islands in the South China Sea.

On April 10, Obama stated that China should not bully the weak in the South China Sea dispute.

On March 30, the United States and Japan will strengthen their cooperation capabilities in the South China Sea.

On March 26, the United States challenged the territorial waters of 19 countries to maintain freedom of navigation.

On March 10, the US State Department stated that China’s land reclamation in disputed areas has contributed to anxiety.

On February 27, the United States sent Poseidon anti-submarine aircraft to patrol the sea off the Philippines.

On January 27, the White House stated that the United States, India, and the South China Sea had declared that they were not against China.

Year 2014

On December 10, China condemned the U.S. State Department’s report on the South China Sea.

On November 24, China’s guide to building islands in China’s sea has nothing to do with the United States.

On October 22, China deployed a large-scale deep-sea submersible target array in the Western Pacific.

On October 16, a senior Taiwan official stated that Xi Jinping ordered the South China Sea to reclaim and build an island.

On September 26, Vietnam asked the United States to lift the arms embargo.

On August 11, the U.S. State Department stated that China’s aggressive actions have caused instability in the South China Sea.

On July 15, the 981 drilling platform of CNOOC left the disputed waters.

On June 5, the Industrialized G7 declared its opposition to unilateral actions to advance territorial claims.

On May 31, the United States accused China of conducting operations that threatened stability in the South China Sea.

On May 27, a Chinese ship rammed and sank a Vietnamese fishing boat.

On May 18, China sent a ship to pick up more than 3,000 Chinese citizens from Vietnam. Vietnam threatened to take legal action against Chinese oil rigs.

On May 15, anti-China riots broke out in Vietnam and a Chinese worker was killed. More than one hundred ships of China and Vietnam confronted each other at sea.

On May 14, the Philippines accused China of construction on disputed islands.

On May 12, Kerry called China’s construction of drilling platforms in disputed areas a provocative act.

On May 11, the Naypyidaw Declaration at the ASEAN Summit emphasized the peaceful settlement of disputes.

On May 7, Vietnam accused China of colliding with Vietnamese ships on the disputed island.

On May 6, Vietnam and China disputed the CNOOC drilling platform. The United States says China is provocative about drilling oil wells in disputed waters.

On April 27, Obama arrived in the Philippines for a visit, and the United States and the Philippines signed a new military agreement.

On April 21, the navies of the Asia-Pacific countries formulated the “Guidelines for Accidental Encounters at Sea.”

On March 18, the President of Vietnam stated that the use of force should not be used to resolve territorial disputes.

On March 10, the Philippines strongly protested China’s departure from the Philippine ship.

On March 6, the U.S. Pacific Commander stated that China should prove its territorial claims in an international court.

On March 5, the ASEAN Defense Minister supported the early formulation of a code of conduct in the South China Sea.

On February 24, the Philippines protested that the Chinese coast guard fired water cannons on Philippine fishermen.

On February 20, actual combat military exercises off China’s seas alarmed Australia.

On January 22, China began regular cruises on disputed islands in the South China Sea.

year 2013

On October 3, Xi Jinping did not compromise on the South China Sea dispute.

On September 15, China and ASEAN discussed the South China Sea Code of Conduct in Suzhou.

On September 2, the Philippines accused China of building projects on disputed islands.

On August 15, ASEAN foreign ministers announced that they would urge China to accept the maritime code of conduct.

In May, the Philippine Coast Guard opened fire on a Taiwanese fishing boat, killing a Taiwanese fisherman.

On March 28, the Chinese navy went to the southernmost tip of the South China Sea to declare sovereignty.

In March, Vietnam protested that a Chinese patrol boat used flares to burn a Vietnamese fishing boat. China claimed that it was normal law enforcement and denied that the Vietnamese fishing vessels were damaged.

On January 22, the Philippine Ministry of Foreign Affairs stated that it had filed an objection to the United Nations Arbitration Tribunal regarding China’s claim for sovereignty over the South China Sea.

2012

On November 22, the Philippines protested against the inclusion of the disputed South China Sea into Chinese territory by the new Chinese passport.

In November, at the East Asia Summit held in Phnom Penh, Cambodia, the host Cambodia said that ASEAN countries have reached a consensus not to internationalize the South China Sea dispute. Philippine President Arroyo stated that there is no such consensus. Japanese Prime Minister Yoshihiko Noda warned that the South China Sea dispute may directly affect peace and stability in the Asia-Pacific region.

In September and March, members of the National Defense Committee of the Taiwan Legislative Yuan boarded Taiping Island to inspect the garrison’s live ammunition.

On August 3, the U.S. State Department criticized China’s establishment of the Sansha Security Zone as an increase in tension.

On July 24, China held the inaugural meeting of Sansha City on the disputed Yongxing Island. China also announced the establishment of the Sansha Security Zone. The Philippines and Vietnam protested.

On July 20, in order to repair the rift, the foreign ministers of ASEAN countries issued a six-point statement on the South China Sea issue, promising to reach an early agreement on the code of conduct in the South China Sea.

On July 11, a Chinese navy frigate ran aground on Half Moon Reef in the disputed Spratly Islands (Nansha Islands) between China and the Philippines.

In July, during this year’s ASEAN Regional Forum held in Phnom Penh, the Philippines and Vietnam, which have disputes with China, and Cambodia, the host supporting China, had conflicts over the South China Sea issue. The meeting failed to issue a joint statement.

On June 22, China established Sansha City, Vietnam passed the law of the sea, and disputes heated up.

On June 19, China denied that it would withdraw its fishery administration vessel from the disputed Huangyan Island.

In May, senior Obama administration officials stated in Congress that the United States should join the International Convention on the Law of the Sea.

In April, the Philippine Navy attempted to arrest Chinese fishermen accused of illegal fishing near the Scarborough Shoal (Huangyan Island) that China said. The Chinese maritime surveillance vessel rushed to stop it, and the two government ships confronted each other for nearly two weeks.

In March, China detained 21 Vietnamese fishermen accused of illegal fishing in the disputed waters of the South China Sea.

year 2011

On July 21, the foreign ministers of China and ASEAN approved the agreement reached by officials of various countries to implement the guiding principles of the Declaration on the Conduct of Parties in the South China Sea.

On July 20, four Philippine congressmen, accompanied by the military and reporters, boarded Pagasa Island, the largest island in the Karajan Islands (called “Zhongxing Island” in China), to declare sovereignty.

From July 12 to 18, Taiwan researchers boarded Taiping Island by warship for investigation. Taiwan’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs stated that this move is a declaration of the sovereignty of Nansha.

On June 27, the U.S. Senate unanimously passed a resolution expressing its continued support for the peaceful settlement of disputes in the South China Sea through a multilateral approach, and strongly opposed the “use of force” by ships of the Chinese Navy and maritime security agencies in the South China Sea. The resolution also called on the US military to continue to defend free navigation in the South China Sea.

On June 25, Vietnam sent a special envoy to visit China. The two sides expressed that they would negotiate and peacefully resolve the dispute over the South China Sea issue.

On June 21, Vietnam and China each sent a warship to conduct a two-day joint patrol along the Beibu Gulf demarcation line. Since 2005, China and Vietnam have conducted 11 joint naval patrols.

On June 9, Vietnam said that another Vietnamese survey vessel was hit by a Chinese fishing boat in Vietnam’s exclusive economic zone and the cable was broken.

In the same month, the Philippines continued to protest against Chinese aircraft and boats invading and harassing Philippine fishing boats. China requires the Philippines to stop making irresponsible remarks, and claims that Chinese ships are engaged in legal scientific research activities in waters under Chinese jurisdiction. The Philippines announced that the waters around the Spratly Islands will be renamed the “West Philippine Sea”.

In June, US Secretary of Defense Gates said at the 10th Shangri-La Dialogue in Singapore that conflicts will break out in the South China Sea if the code of conduct is uncertain. The Chinese Minister of Defense attended the Shangri-La Dialogue for the first time. Defense Minister Liang Guanglie warned countries in the region not to engage in confrontational alliances against third parties.

At the end of May, a Chinese vessel cut the exploration cable of a Vietnamese oil survey vessel in Vietnam’s exclusive economic zone, and Vietnam protested. The Philippines protested against Chinese marine exploration ships and naval vessels entering the Yiluokui Reef-Ami Douglas Beach (Limulus Reef-Antang Beach) to build facilities.

In April, the Philippines submitted a protest against China to the United Nations over the dispute over sovereignty over the South China Sea, and China subsequently submitted a note to the United Nations, referring to the Philippines’ invasion of Chinese islands and reefs.

year 2010

U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton said at the ASEAN Regional Forum in Hanoi that it is in the “US national interest” to resolve sovereignty disputes in the South China Sea through cooperative diplomacy, and the United States opposes the use of force or threat of force by any party claiming sovereignty. China is very dissatisfied with this.

China declares that the sovereignty of the South China Sea belongs to China’s “core interests.”

Year 2009

In December, the State Council of China announced that it would liberalize tourism in Xisha, and Vietnam subsequently protested.

In March, the President of the Philippines signed the “Maritime Baseline Law” and China protested.

China sent a large fishery administration ship to the South China Sea. Chinese ships and fishermen harassed a US Navy ship in the South China Sea. According to the U.S. Department of Defense, these Chinese ships harassed the U.S. Navy’s in the waters about 120 kilometers away from China’s Hainan Island.

2005

The three countries of China, Vietnam and the Philippines signed an agreement on exploration in the South China Sea Agreement Zone.

year 2004

On June 30, the China-Vietnam Beibu Gulf territorial waters, exclusive economic zone and continental shelf demarcation agreement and Beibu Gulf fishery cooperation agreement formally came into effect.

year 2002

On November 4, China and the Association of Southeast Asian Nations signed a non-binding “Declaration on the Conduct of Parties in the South China Sea” in Phnom Penh, promising to use international law as the principle to explore ways to build trust on the basis of equality and mutual respect.

2001

The Philippines expelled Chinese ships in disputed waters.

2000

In December, China and Vietnam signed an agreement to delimit the territorial waters, exclusive economic zone and continental shelf of the Beibu Gulf.

In August, China and ASEAN held a “second consultation” in Dalian on the South China Sea Code of Conduct.

In May, the Philippine army opened fire on Chinese fishermen, killing 1 and arresting 7 people.

Year 1999

ASEAN agreed with the “Code of Conduct” drafted by the Philippines to prevent conflicts in the South China Sea. China refused to accept it but expressed its willingness to participate in discussions on the draft “Code of Conduct”.

In July, another Chinese fishing boat collided with the Philippine ship and sank.

In May, a Chinese fishing boat collided with a Philippine warship and sank.

In March, the Philippines accused Chinese warships of harassing a Philippine navy landing ship that was stranded on Yellow Rock.

China has built permanent facilities on Mischief Reef under the protection of warships. Manila claims that these buildings are military buildings; Beijing calls them facilities for fishermen.

1998

In December, U.S. Congressman Lora Barker took a Philippine Air Force C-130 plane to patrol Mischief Reef and took photos of Chinese warships.

The Malaysian Navy expelled Chinese fishing boats.

1997

The Philippine Navy drove Chinese speedboats and fishing boats away from Scarborough Beach (Yellow Rock Reef) in April, then demolished Chinese landmarks and raised the Philippine flag. China sent warships to inspect the vicinity of the Philippine-occupied islands.

1996

A Philippine Navy patrol boat fought two armed ships in a 90-minute naval battle. According to preliminary reports, the armed ship was flying the Chinese flag. The Philippine Ministry of Foreign Affairs subsequently stated that it was fighting pirates. The Chinese Ministry of Foreign Affairs also stated that this matter has nothing to do with China.

the year 1995

Taiwan fires at a Vietnamese supply ship.

Chinese personnel stationed in Mischief Reef and the Philippine army expelled Chinese personnel and demolished landmarks set up by China in March.

The Chinese and Vietnamese navies faced off in the internationally recognized waters of Vietnam. The cause of the dispute was the oil exploration contract block of Sizhengtan in Vietnam. China claims that this is part of China’s “Wan’an North-21” block.

1994

China and Vietnam have disputes over oil exploration. Both countries have signed agreements or negotiations with Western companies and accused each other of violating sovereignty.

1992

Vietnam accused China of sending troops to a reef in the Spratly Islands. China seized nearly 20 Vietnamese cargo ships departing from Hong Kong during September-June.

year 1991

China passed the “Law on the Territorial Sea and Contiguous Zone” and reaffirmed its sovereignty over the Paracels and Nansha Islands.

1988

In March, the Chinese and Vietnamese navies broke out in the waters of South Johnson Beach (China’s Chigua Reef) in the Spratly Islands (Nansha Islands). The Chinese navy frigate sank three Vietnamese landing or transport ships and more than 70 Vietnamese soldier were killed.

1974

A brief maritime conflict broke out between China and South Vietnam, which was about to be defeated by North Vietnam, in the Paracel Islands (China called the Huangsha  Paracel and Vietnam called the Huangsha Islands). China has since controlled all the Paracel Islands.

In 1953

The government of the People’s Republic of China reduced the 11-segment line to the nine-segment line and abandoned the two lines in the Beibu Gulf (Tokyo Bay) in Vietnam.

1950

The national army stationed on Yongxing Island surrendered to the new regime of the People’s Republic of China.

1947

The government of the Republic of China announced the 11-segment line.

1946

The Chinese National Government sent the warship Yongxing to announce the takeover of the Paracel Islands and named the largest island Wudi “Yongxing Island.”

1932

French Indochina annexed the Paracel Islands and set up a weather station on Boto Island (Chinese name Coral Island).

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