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Chinese Guest Scientists in Germany are often Members of the Chinese Military PLA

China has long overtaken the United States as the leading nation in the number of scientific publications. In the list of the most cited scientists, China ranks third and Germany fourth and China publishes more and more scientific publications with international partners. With more than half of all registered patents, China also produces the most innovations worldwide and is therefore a promising cooperation partner for researchers from Germany.

Recently various scientific representatives in Germany warned of the ever increasing discrepancy in the applicable rules. For example, the President of the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation, Hans-Christian Pape, called for “red lines” in the use of research results and insisted on standards in scientific practice.

The DFG emphasized the constantly changing laws on data security in China and the Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft warned of the “danger of an uncontrolled flow of know-how”. He warned that Chinese PhD students and in Germany are “not always on the same side as us” when it comes to intellectual property.

In isolated cases, intellectual property has already been stolen, not at universities, but at other research institutions

Chinese Researchers often come up with Dual-Use Technologies

Germany must be vigilant not only in terms of intellectual property, but also in the use of research results from German-Chinese cooperation. As the “Welt” reported, Chinese guest scientists in Germany are often members of the Chinese military. For example, the engineering scientist Professor Hu Changhua worked at the University of Duisburg-Essen without the university knowing that he was a major general of the Chinese People’s Liberation Army and head of a military lab for missile tests.

There have been similar questionable Chinese researchers at the Max Born Institute in Berlin, the Helmholtz Center in Dresden and at the Geo Research Center in Potsdam.

“Often enough, European research institutions open their doors very widely to China without even thinking about dual-use”

Pieke also strongly warned against naivety in dealing with China. The country is making research collaborations increasingly strategic and with ulterior motives. Most guest scientists from China would come specifically for “cutting edge” technologies from the natural and engineering sciences – including laser technologies, controllable guided missiles and rocket science – in which Europe might play a pioneering role.

“In the course of its 2025 strategy, China has massively expanded its research sector since 2015 and also specifically developed cooperation between science and industry without making the slightest secret,” said Pieke. Until now, the majority of people in Europe had not been aware of the danger of an outflow of knowledge, neither in universities nor in politics.”

The so-called China strategy of the Federal Ministry of Research (BMBF) expired at the end of 2019. A spokesman for the BMBF announced that a new strategy was not planned. In view of the “dynamic developments” in China and the German-Chinese scientific cooperation, a strategy paper “no longer offers the necessary flexibility” for future cooperation. The Federal Government stands for a “coordinated national approach” in research cooperation, according to the BMBF, in regular exchange with the Alliance of German Science Organizations.

It is also not the task of universities to protect national interests and in many Western countries, security agencies, for example the protection of the constitution, must take China’s actions very seriously. In the meantime, they have warned politicians intensely about known cases of knowledge misuse or data theft by Chinese researchers.

Politicians pass this pressure on to universities and urge them to tighten security measures. “We have to oblige universities to report potential risks to the authorities,” said Pieke but it should come directly from the German Security Agencies such as the Verfassungschutz or even the Bundesnachrichtendienst.

Contracts instead of framework agreements

Pieke reports that other countries – such as the US, Australia or Japan – have had very strict, sometimes aggressive regulations for Chinese research cooperation for some time. There are also penalties there, for example for incorrect information in applications or misuse of knowledge.

“So far, there have been no consequences for offenses committed by visiting scientists in Germany and Europe,” warns Pieke.

“The terms of cooperation described therein are generally very vague. The goal and the intended application are often given very briefly or not at all,” Pieke explains. Pieke nevertheless believes that clearly formulated contracts on the rights to research data are useful and necessary.

Proposals from the Netherlands show what German cooperation strategies could look like. For example, the “Leiden Asia Center” (LAC) has created a checklist that researchers can use to check whether they have considered all aspects of their planned cooperation with China. In a report , the organization also provides detailed information about critical issues. At the same time, the LAC advises to continue working with China, “while being mindful of the dangers of both naivety as well as paranoia”.

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Bremen Coronavirus Cases Covid-19 Outbreak

Bremen Travel Guide

Bremen is one of the prominent cities in north western Germany. It is situated 60km south of the mouth of the Weser river mouth, which opens into the North Sea. Along with its cosmopolitan feel, its modern history dates back 1,200 years, while its marshes were settled about 14,000 years ago. Burial places can be seen that date back to the 7th century AD. For most of its history it was an independent city-state.

It is a Hanseatic city, and together with Bremerhaven, on the right of the mouth of the Weser River, it comprises the state of Bremen (officially Freie Hansestadt Bremen – Free Hanseatic City of Bremen).

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Although it is part of Germany’s smallest state, it is the second most populated city in northern Germany, and the tenth most in Germany. Physically, it is a long, narrow city, lining both sides of the Weser. It measures about 10 km lengthwise, but is only 2km across. It is an industrial and commercial city, with a major port on the Weser River. As you can imagine, it offers a myriad of monuments to be seen and tales to be heard.

Best time to go

As noted above, Bremen is not far south of the North Sea. Consequently, its climate and weather should play a major part in your plans to visit. From November to March the average temperature is between 0 and 8 Celsius (46°F), and the rest between 21 and 23 Celsius (73°F). Spring and autumn are comfortable.

With an oceanic climate, it is susceptible to the ocean winds, much the same as Amsterdam, Seattle and Vancouver. The wind is usually around 16 kph, but gusting occurs, especially near the river and the canals. In 2007, a bad windstorm blew through northern Europe including Bremen at more than 200 kph, resulting in electricity cuts, downed trees, and broken windows.

It rains all year round in Bremen. June to December average 204 mm a month, with the lowest being between January and May, at 115 mm. It is only known to snow lightly in winter. The humidity is highly changeable, with up to 95% in the summer months. Spring and autumn are the most comfortable times for visiting.

Getting Around in Bremen

Bremen Airport is easily reached from the city centre by both tram and car, in about 10 minutes. It offers flights to most of the big German cities, and also some in Europe.

Most of Bremen can be walked, and indeed this is the best way of exploring the old parts of the city and its districts.

Bremen is the headquarters of the car sharing network, Cambrio, so a hire car is an easy choice.

If your choice is by bicycle, Bremen happens to be the most bike-friendly city in Germany. You can hire bicycles at the railway station; alternatively from one of a number of bike shops.

The tram and bus systems are highly evolved in the city, running both during the day, and almost all night. The trams run from the central station at half past every hour, and tickets can be purchased on board. Train tickets must be bought before you board; it also works out cheaper to buy day and/or weekly passes.

Taxis are of course another alternative, and bountiful, but as with most cases, you will pay more than public transport. They run around the clock, and advance bookings are not necessary.

Major Attractions and Sights

These are many and varied, so let’s look at them grouped according to type.

If history is your thing, the first stop would be the Focke Museum, People of Bremen’s Museum for Art and Cultural History, just outside the city centre.

Many of the sights in Bremen are found in the Altstadt (Old Town), an area surrounded by the Weser River, and the Wallgraben, the former moats of the medieval city walls, in the north east. The oldest part of the Altstadt is the southeast half, starting with the Marktplatz and ending at the Schnoor quarter.

The Schnoor is a small area of crooked lanes from the 17th and 18th centuries, now housing art galleries, artisan shops and cafes. Other interesting buildings in the vicinity of the Marktplatz are the Schütting, a 16th-century Flemish-inspired guild hall, and the Stadtwaage, the former weigh house built in 1588, with an ornate Renaissance façade.

Downriver from the Schnoor quarter, along the Schlachte Embankment, is Böttcherstrasse, a fusion of art and architecture created by Bremen coffee merchant Ludwig Roselius at the beginning of the 20th century. Roselius had the lane mainly built in the Expressionist style. It was damaged in the Second World War but rebuilt afterwards. On Böttcherstrasse is a carillon with bells from Meissen porcelain. The Paula Modersohn-Becker Museum was the first gallery in the world to be devoted solely to a female artist.

The town hall is over 600 years old, and it and the Roland Statue were declared a UNESCO World Heritage site in 2004. In the Upper Hall, where ceremonies are held, there are model ships hanging from its ceiling, representing the importance of commerce and maritime trade to Bremen.

The Roland Statue near the town hall is carved from stone. It has been standing on Bremen’s historical market square for more than 600 years and is a symbol of freedom for the people of Bremen. He holds the “sword of justice” and a shield decorated with an imperial eagle.

The other statue near the entrance to the Ratskeller is Gerhard Marcks’ bronze sculpture Die Stadtmusikanten (Town Musicians) which portrays the donkey, dog, cat and rooster of the Grimm Brothers’ fairy tale. The animals have become an emblem; the story goes that anyone who touches the donkey’s legs will be granted a wish. The donkey’s legs must be rubbed lightly with both hands; using only one hand is a case of two donkeys shaking hands according to the locals.

Cathedrals to visit include the 13th century Cathedral St Petri, featuring sculptures of Charlemagne and Moses among others, the 11th century Liebfrauenkirche, and St Martin’s Church. St Peter’s Cathedral’s towers soar 99 metres into the air. It’s an unwritten rule that no building in Bremen should be higher than the cathedral. The cathedral’s origins hark back as far as 789AD, and it boasts a world-famous organ. Eight mummies in glass-topped coffins can be seen there. Among those on display: two Swedish officers from the Thirty Years’ War, an English countess, a murdered student, and a local pauper. The crypt has become the cathedral’s most visited attraction for more than 300 years.

If your tastes run to the more contemporary, there are many attractions for the tourist.
Museums include The Universum Science Centre, Botanika (a nature museum), the Kunsthalle Bremen (an art museum housing pieces from the 19th and 20th centuries), the Übersee Museum Bremen, the Kunstsammlungen Böttcherstraße, and the Weserburg Modern Art Museum located in the middle of the river.

After all that culture, Beck’s Brewery offers tours, which include beer tasting. Take note that tours need to be booked in advance.

Daytrips to Hanover, Hamburg, Bremerhaven and Hamelin (home of the Pied Piper) are made simple by rail connections.

Shopping in Bremen

The Weserpark in the east, the Waterfront in the west, Haven Höövt in the north and the Mediterraneo in Bremerhaven, are the biggest shopping malls in Bremen. Besides the malls, large department stores and small boutiques offer late shopping nights, and occasional Sunday shopping.

For over 20 years, the Bürgerweide Flea Market has sold oddities, modern goods and antiques. It’s on every Sunday from 7-2pm. There is also the antique and flea market on the river, which trades from 8-2pm on a Saturday. Browse for souvenirs, home crafts, antiques, and handmade gold.

Eating Out in Bremen

Northern Germany’s delicacies are fish (smelt and herring), smoked eel, Labskaus (mashed potatoes, onions, corned beef, beetroot and fried egg), and butterkuchen.

If you fancy beer and pretzels, the Schüttinger brewery house is the place to try. For a young vibe, there are many pubs, bars and cafes in the Schlachte. The Viertel is another popular area with lots of eateries. Knigge is a traditional coffee house. Staendige Vertrag is a wacky bar in Böttcherstraße that is worth a visit just for the experience. Asian restaurants are plenty including Chinese and Indian food.

Nightlife in Bremen

Stubu Dancehouse has 5 spaces over 3 floors and features funk, house and chart hits. La Viva is also massive, but is more for the tweens. In Neustadt, you find Modernes, which is billed as the best club in Bremen. It also hosts live music, and features a domed roof that opens. Nur Für Freunde (Just for Friends) is a chic place with lots of cocktails that plays dance, electro and house. This is the place to see both German and international DJs spin their stuff.

Tower is the place for touring heavy-metal groups; there’s a dark, cave-like atmosphere. It’s an out of the ordinary place for out of the ordinary people. Lemon Lounge is a cocktail bar with drinks galore and mouth-watering creations.

2raumlounge features space-age orange chairs, with the art on the walls for sale. The crowd is mostly mid-20’s, except when their football team Werder Bremen is playing, then expect some older regulars watching the match.

With regard to the gay scene, there are Café Kweer, The Room, and Rat und Tat.

Themed pubs and bars abound, with Bodega Del Puerto serving tapas, Irish Pub Schnoor, and Bolero Schlachte for Mexican dishes.

For theatre lovers, there is no shortage of high culture to be enjoyed. Bremen’s main theatre company is Theater Bremen, which performs across three venues. Theater Am Leibnizplatz houses the Bremer Shakespeare Company. Theater am Goetheplatz stages operettas, musicals and operas. Experimental theatre and modern dance can be found in the Concordia. Die Glocke hosts mainly events by visiting performers and is known for its great acoustics.

This is by no means an exhaustive list; there are many other venues to be explored, and you should find a place just to your taste and liking.

Of Local Interest in Bremen

There are many annual events in Bremen. Here are a few:

  • February: A carnival in the South American spirit
  • August: the summer circus festival LA STRADA
  • October: the Freimarkt, a huge fairground festival
  • December: Christmas market around the Town Hall

The Freimarkt has been running since 1036 and is one of the world’s oldest fairground festivals, and one of Germany’s biggest.

Bremen is host to one of the four big annual Techno parades, the Vision Parade. It is also host to the “Bremer 6 Tage Rennen” a bicycle race at the Bremen Arena. Every year the city invites young musicians from across the world, to play in the International Youth Symphony Orchestra of Bremen (IYSOB).

If you like football (soccer), you can go to see a match of Werder Bremen, a team in the Bundesliga (German premier league). You can also visit their Weser stadium for a few euros.

A good place to get in touch with the locals is to take a stroll along the river Weser on the scenic Osterdeich, where lots of little groups hanging out on the grassy hills. The beautiful Bürgerpark is a fairly large park right in the middle of the city, which has a bit of a Central Park vibe to it. Have a drink at the Emma Café, rent a boat and paddle around the many little rivers, play minigolf or sit down in the grass enjoying some tasty ice cream.

For green fields, cows, bikers and in line skaters, visit Blockland to enjoy the agricultural side of Bremen´s nature. It is located near the river Wümme, to the west of the university. You can ride (by bike or skates) along the dyke and stop at one of the farms to buy organic food. In winter one can ice skate on the small creeks and rivers. Indoor ice skating is available at Paradice, which is open from October to February.

The Ratskeller is the oldest wine cellar in Germany. It dates to 1409 and houses over 650 German wines, housed in their original barrels. Stroll around the city centre and visit the Schnoor-Viertel with its old medieval buildings.

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Magdeburg Coronavirus Cases Covid-19 Outbreak


Magdeburg in northern Germany was founded by Charlemagne in 805AD, making it 1,200 years old. Its original name was Magadoburg, probably from German for big, ‘magado’, and ‘burga’ for fortress. Emperor Otto I, the first Holy Roman Emperor, lived in the town for most of his reign and was buried in the cathedral after his death. Over the centuries, it has been ravaged by war and destruction as a result of its position as an imperial seat, Prussian fortified town, and as a Hanseatic city.  It was heavily bombed in the Second World War, and a RAF bombing raid on the night of 16 January 1944 destroyed most of the city.

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1990 saw the city become the capital of the new state of Saxony-Anhalt in the reunification of Germany, with the city center rebuilt in a modern style. After reunification, most of the basis of the economy was shut down, and it faced decline in the population as a result of people seeking lucrative jobs in western Germany.  The city however, is known for reinventing itself, and for preserving its cultural heritage. Today it is a beautiful city on the Elbe River with its economy geared towards services, and hosting nearly 20 000 students at its top rated two universities, as well as research centers. It has great sights, including its parks which make it the third greenest city in Germany, and new shopping malls and other attractions; and its proximity to Hamburg, Leipzig and Berlin counts in its favor too.

The Best Time to Go

The best months are between May and September, where the temperature averages between 10 and 20°C (50 to 68°F); although in July and August it can get up to 24°C (75°C).  The months from October to April are colder, averaging between 0 and 10°C (32 to 50°F) . The coldest time of year is in January, when it can get as low as -2.1°C (28°F).

Sunshine hours are from 1.3 hours a day in December and 7.7 hours a day in June. July is the wettest month, experiencing rain, sleet, hail or snow over an average of 14 days. Frost mostly occurs in January.

Getting Around in Magdeburg

With regard to public transportation, there are S-Bahn trains, buses, trams and ferries in Magdeburg. The benefit is that they are all unified in a linked transport system called Marego, so they all use the same tickets.

Riding the tram is probably the best system for tourists to use, as the stops are located at the main attractions, and in busy areas. Magdeburg boats 10 tram lines, plus one which is brought into service during heavy traffic times, or for special events. Waiting times vary greatly, and depend on the time, day, and location. In the city centre you rarely have to wait more than 5 minutes, even on a Sunday; while the further out you go, you can wait for between 10 and 20 minutes. Timetables are provided at every stop. If you’re lucky, you might catch a communist-era one, and experience the rattles of the past.

The buses run every 20 minutes, and cover all areas of the city. As with the trams, extra buses are laid on at heavy traffic times and special events. Timetables are at every stop too.

Two ferry services operate Elbe river crossings, the Fähre Buckau and the Fähre Westerhüsen. They run from March to October on Tuesdays to Sundays between 10am and 6pm.

The main train line runs through Magdeburg from the north to the south. The train stations are marked with a logo of a white S on a green circle. The trains run every 30 minutes, and are the fastest method for crossing the city.

Public transportation at night means you need to look at the schedules, as it is more limited. Taxis are of course an alternative.

Major Attractions and Sights

The Gothic Magdeburger Dom (Cathedral of St. Maurice and St Catherine) is the most well-known sight of the city. It was constructed on the site of a Roman cathedral between the years of 1209 and 1520. It is the highest church building in eastern Germany at 104 meters. It has stunning and unique sculptures, notably the ‘Twelve Virgins’ at the northern gate.

The 11th Century Romanesque abbey Kloster unser lieben Frauen (Cloister of Our beloved Lady) is an iconic building in Germany. Among other things, it has an art gallery.
Johanniskirche (St John’s Church) is worth going to see. After sustaining serious damage during WWll it has been recently rebuilt as a multipurpose centre.

The Town Hall dates from 1698. It stands in the place of the original which stood on the marketplace since the 13th Century until its destruction in the Thirty Years’ War. The ‘new’ building was built in the Renaissance style. It has since been renovated, and was reopened in 2005.

In the city centre near the Kloster Unser Lieben Frauen and the cathedral is the Grüne Zitadelle (Green Citadel), a pink house designed by the famous architect Friedensreich Hundertwasser. There are also ruins of the stronghold of the Prussian Empire.

The Kulturhistorisches Museum (Culture Historical Museum) on Otto-von-Guericke-Straße is home to the famous statue, the Magdeburger Reiter.

The city center overall, is a delight for architecture fans, and features some neo-classicist buildings dating from the Communist era, as well as modern marvels built since reunification.

Magdeburg is one of the greenest cities in Europe and the third greenest city in Germany, so riding a bike in Magdeburg is a pleasant experience. Since most of the streets have cycle tracks on the sides you will not have any problems with taking your bike into the city. You are permitted to take your bike with you on all the public transportation; however, you may have to purchase an extra ticket for the bike. A very nice way to explore the idyllic nature in and around Magdeburg is using the Elberadweg. This cycle path leads you all the way along the river Elbe and invites you to explore the unique biosphere reserve around Magdeburg. Signs guide you along the path and show you directions and distances to other towns, villages, and attractions. Many restaurants and beer gardens are right next to the river, as well as some nice hotels, playgrounds and parks.

There are several different river cruises offered by the Magdeburger Weiße Flotte GmbH.
They include: a 1.5 hour cruise along the skyline of Magdeburg; a river cruise from the city centre to the town of Schönebeck; an evening cruise; and cruises along the waterway. Tickets can be bought at the tourist information centre, or onboard.

In recent years, the museums in Magdeburg have regularly featured excellent exhibitions on a whole host of subjects related to art, culture and learning. New collections and exhibitions have also been established and the top-flight Technology Museum has opened with no expense or effort spared. The three other major museums are the Cultural History Museum, the Museum of Natural History and the Art Museum in the Convent of our Lady.

Magdeburg also offers high-caliber entertainment at its opera house, Schauspielhaus theatre and puppet theatre, and there are many independent theatre groups and German-style cabaret performances to enjoy.

In the Elbauen Park the Millennium Tower is a popular draw card; it houses an exhibition on nature and the history of humanity.

The Magdeburg Water Bridge is a navigable aqueduct in Germany that connects the Elbe-Havel Canal to the Mittelland Canal, and allows ships to cross over the Elbe River. At 918 meters, it is the longest navigable aqueduct in the world. Construction of the water link was started as early as in the 1930s, but due to WWII and subsequent division of Germany the work remained suspended till 1997. The aqueduct was finally completed and opened to the public in 2003. It truly is a sight worth seeing.

Shopping in Magdeburg

With 2.5 square meters of retail space per inhabitant, Magdeburg’s city-centre shopping area is one of Germany’s top destinations for shoppers.

There are numerous shopping malls all over the city. In the CBD you have Karstadt, which was a mall during the cold war and is therefore the oldest of the city with its building still representing socialist architecture. After the reunification, the city center got several new shopping malls. The biggest of them is called Allee Centre and has 3 floors. Also located in the city center are the Ulrichshaus and the City Carré. You will also find numerous stores (as well as bars and cafés) along the road Breiter Weg, which used to be one of the largest shopping streets in Europe before WWII and has now regained most of its popularity with modern architecture.

Strolling along Magdeburg’s traditional shopping boulevards Breiter Weg and Ernst-Reuter-Allee, visiting the many shops in the districts of Neustadt and Sudenburg as well as weekly markets will yield some local goods.  The city’s most centrally located market is at the Old Market (Alter Markt) in front of the Town Hall. Market days and times are Tuesday to Friday, 9am to 5pm and on Saturday, 9am to 1pm. The market is closed on Mondays. Special attractions are the so-called “Farmers’ Market” which takes place every Tuesday as well as the “Green Market” every Saturday. Produce on sale includes: homemade sausages and cold cuts, fresh fruit and vegetables, flowers, dairy products, cakes and pastries, poultry products, household supplies, lingerie, gifts, and textiles.

If you feel hungry or peckish, there are a number of snack stands offering light meals and snacks to accommodate your needs. Easy access is provided by public transport, and parking places are available in Julius-Bremer-Strasse as well as behind the Karstadt building.

Eating Out in Magdeburg

Hasselbachplatz square and the surrounding streets are lined with dozens of pubs, bars and restaurants plus one of the best-known currywurst bars in Germany, ‘Curry 54’. The Mediterranean restaurant Liebig is popular with all walks and ages. The trendy bar-café-restaurant has a large outdoor terrace, and serves substantial breakfasts, global fare and cool cocktails.

Bingöl Grill on Breiter Weg is a budget legend to lovers of Turkish food and Döner. Clean, with decent service, real silverware, porcelain plates and prices that rival big fast food chains. It’s open until late at night, making it ideal if you need to grab something solid after a night of partying.

Several Thai and Vietnamese restaurants are available.

Nightlife in Magdeburg

The Hasselbachplatz is the place to start a night out in Magdeburg. Here you will find a big variety of bars and small clubs, a lot of stylish bars and also alternative pubs with long opening hours on weekends.

A premium spot is the Jackelwood, located in the Sternstraße just south from the Hasselbachplatz, with billiards, kicker and a lot of other games. There are quite a few more bars on this area so check them out and you will find one that appeals to you. And you will always get something to eat at the Hasselbachplatz. For very late night drinking pop in at the COCO in the Otto-von-Guericke-Street (50m) from Hasselbachplatz

An amazing night at the theatre – with a difference! – can be had at the fabulous Theater an der Angel. The company is owned by Matthias Engle and Ines Lacroix who performed in the Neil Simon comedy Der letzte der feurigen Liebhaber.

Of local Interest

In the Elbauen Park at Easter, you can go along and watch a huge bonfire of firewood. A snowman made at Magdeburg’s theatre workshops is placed on top, and the lighting of the bonfire is said to be banishing winter from the park.

Hassel Night Line takes place on the Hasselbachplatz – a twice-a-year street festival with open-air stages and music on every narrow street.

September 2011 saw the inception of the Kaiser Otto Festival.

September also sees the popular annual summer theatre at the Puppet Theatre in the courtyard, which combines puppet shows and theatre plays.

In October is the Magdeburg Town Festival. On the ‘festival mile’ you’ll find show stands, market stalls, carousels and different stage programs by many entertainers, including from regional TV and radio stations. The ‘mile’ runs from the cathedral to University Square.

Also in October is the Magdeburg marathon.

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Stuttgart Coronavirus Cases Covid-19 Outbreak

Stuttgart Travel Guide

Stuttgart is the 6th largest city in Germany and has a population of over 600,000 people. The name Stuttgart comes from Stutengarden which was the name of a stud farm belonging to Herzog Luidolf dating back to the mid 10th century where he bred his horses.

This once unknown settlement soon grew into the town known as Stutkarten. Thereafter it gained popularity following the building of a castle and moat in the 13th century for the Count of Württemberg and other succeeding counts and dukes throughout the medieval period.

The resultant increased population during this period soon provided Stuttgart with a city status first mentioned in 1229. The castle was then converted into the Renaissance style in the 1500s. Following the industrial revolution in the 19th century Stuttgart became a boom town and a hub for major industry and commerce.

Stuttgart lies in the south west of Germany and is beautifully situated in the flat Neckar Valley between thickly forested hills, surrounded by vineyards and several parklands, making it one of Germany’s greenest cities to enjoy. This lovely location is also famous for the largest mineral water fountains found in Western Europe.

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During World War II, Stuttgart was heavily bombed and devastated by massive air raids, however the city was rebuilt after the war, and in 1952 became the state capital of Baden- Württemberg.

Its most famous industry is motor vehicles. Here you will find the headquarters of Germany’s upmarket vehicles – Mercedes Benz and the exclusive Porsche cars. Both of these companies have their own car museums in the city. Besides being an industrial city Stuttgart is also known as the cultural city best known for its ballet, art and opera.

Another important industry is of course, its local wine. The vast vineyards spread around Stuttgart makes this region a commercially success.

Best time to go

Due to its geographical position Stuttgart is in one of the warmest regions in Germany and has a relatively mild climate throughout the year thanks to Stuttgart being located in a wide valley and protected from all sides by the Stromberg and Heuchelberg regions to the northwest, the Swabian Alb to the south, the Black Forest to the west and the Schurwald to the east. It’s therefore thanks to all these combined elements that the wine industry is able to thrive so well here.

The best time to visit Stuttgart is undoubtedly from May to October as these are the warmest months, with July being the hottest having an average temperature of approximately 19°C (66°F). The temperatures are pleasant and never get too hot unlike southern Europe where the extreme heat can become unbearably unpleasant. The air is clear and bright and perfect for sightseeing. The evenings can be cool, but generally very calm.

The winter months can get rather cold with large snowfalls, although these do not last for any length of time. The coldest month is January with an average temperature of 1.3°C (34°F).

Getting Around in Stuttgart

Stuttgart Airport is an international airport and is situated 13 km south of the city center. It has four main terminals, all of which are easily accessible to each other. Major airlines such as Lufthansa, Air France, and British Airways serve this airport from major cities throughout Europe. There are also regular local airline flights such as HLX, Air Berlin and LGW Airline connecting Stuttgart with various airports across Germany.

The S-Bahn train is frequently run from Terminal 1 and will take about 30 minutes to reach the city center. Tickets can be bought from machines above the railway platform as well underneath the airport but these tickets must be validated at one of the orange boxes located on the platform before you are able to board the train.

Alternatively, there is a regular bus service linking the airport to various points all over the city. The buses depart from the airport at Terminal 1 Arrivals.

Taxis from Terminal 1 (Level 3) in Departures will get you into the city in about 20 minutes and are in operation throughout the day and night.

If you do not wish to rely on public transport or taxis while staying in Stuttgart then hiring a car will give you the freedom of travel. Car hire companies can be found at Terminal 3 Level 2.

Major Attractions and Sights

As previously mentioned, Stuttgart boasts two car museums. At the entrance of the Mercedes Benz Museum shuttle will convey you inside to where you will be transported through the ages and 1500 exhibits on display – from the world’s first car to the latest in vehicle design technology. Also on display are the cars produced by Daimler-Benz, as well as their other vehicles such as buses, airplanes and motorboats. You will be entranced throughout your journey taken back in time, even those who are not particularly enthusiastic about cars. It is open every day except Mondays and entry is free.

The Porsche Museum is not quite as popular but is still worth a visit. Inside you will find all the Porsche models from its earliest built vehicles to their latest models, including Hitler’s ‘people’s car’ that he famously commissioned the company to build – the Volkswagen. Visitors are able to join the daily guided tours as well as watching the workers as they work on their production lines.

Another point of local interest is the Stiftskirche which is famed for its beautiful Renaissance sculpture works. The walls around the choir have a ‘portrait gallery’ of many of the past counts and dukes of Württemberg. The church can be found in the medieval town square of Shillerplatz.

For those requiring more of a cultural activity then a visit to the architecturally beautiful Landesmuseum is an excellent choice. The highlight is certainly the spectacular treasure trove of the Württemberg royal family‘s crown jewels. And also on display are the many fascinating exhibits and sculptures from various ages of the region especially from the Bronze, Trojan, Roman, Celtic and Frankish periods.

Staying with culture, perhaps a visit to the famous Staatsgalerie where some of Germany’s best artwork is housed. Paintings range from the modern and avant-garde, to many of the old Renaissance masters such as Rembrandt; one of which is his ‘Tobit Healing his Father’s Blindness’. There is also a very large collection of Picasso’s artworks on display. A section of the Staatsgalerie has been set aside for a magnificent collection of the history of German art.

Despite the wartime destruction, a number of significant architectural features survived. A walking tour of the city will show you places of interest such as the Wilhelmpalais (King William’s Palace), Alte Kanzlei (Old Chancellery),Markthalle (Market Hall), Schloss Solitude, Stiftfruckasten (Collegiate Storehouse) and Grabkapelle Württemberg (burial chapel).

The best open spaces include the Schlossplatz and Marktplatz, and there are also the pretty gardens of Akademiegarten (Academy Gardens) and Schlossgarten( Palace Gardens).

For a unique way to view Stuttgart, take a trip to the Birenkopf. It is the highest point in the city and is a memorial to those casualties of the war, built from 15 million cubic meters of rubble.

On the northern outskirts of Stuttgart is the wonderful Zoo Wilhelmina. The building was originally built as a palace for the royals but has now been converted into a home for many of the world’s animals and reptiles, ranging from the exotic to the most common of our creatures. The zoo is well known for its magnificent magnolia trees. As this zoo is extremely popular with locals and tourists it does tend to get very crowded at weekends and holiday time. For easy convenience to zoo take the U12 tram from the city centre.

Shopping in Stuttgart

Stuttgart is one of the busiest shopping cities in Europe. Konigstrasse which is the longest street is over a kilometer long and has been made a pedestrian only zone. This busy street is a shoppers’ paradise with its many department stores and variety of top branded stores as well as everything in fashion from the stylish to the trendy chic and created by top notch designers.

Other great streets for shopping are Schulstrasse connecting to Konigstrasse as well as Klett Passage and Calwerstrasse, again many fashion boutiques, jewelry, leather goods and various art and craft shops

Stuttgart’s old town quarter known as the Bohnenviertel district is well known for its international restaurants, wine bars, stylish boutiques and other unique local shops.

There is a flea market held each Saturday morning located on Karlsplatz where you will find all sorts of arts, crafts and other goods to buy usually at bargain prices.

And, of course, not to forget the delightful Christmas markets which are a festive draw card for visitors from all over Europe.

Eating Out in Stuttgart

As Stuttgart is Germany’s largest wine producing region, it goes without saying that wine bars are plentiful and therefore no visit would be complete without a visit to one of the city’s Weinstuben. You will find many of the wine bars serving food, in particular the local Swabian dishes.

There are many fine restaurants both sophisticated and inexpensive to choose from and the majority offer excellent cuisine. However you will find that most of the dishes served are either traditional, local or Continental such as various sausages, schnitzel, maultaschen and spatzle.

For a more casual eating place with lighter snacks and drinks then cafès are always a very popular choice. They offer specialty sandwiches made with a variety of breads, especially their black and rye breads, and the mouth watering gateaux, cakes, pastries and strudels all temptingly displayed in the café windows.

Asian Restaurants are plently available including some good Thai restaurants.

Nightlife in Stuttgart

The nightlife in Stuttgart is very vibrant and fun and full of life. There are many venues to choose depending on your mood and cater for all manner of tastes. They range from discos, bars, cafès, fine dining, live music, dancing, nightclubs as well as striptease clubs, etc, but wherever you decide to go you will be assured of a great fun evening out.

To join in the revelry with the locals for a night of noisy fun then there is no better venue than one of the many traditional German pubs dotted throughout the city with many of them in the Steinstrasse area. An alternative to the traditional pub scene, you can be assured there will always be the old time favorite found virtually anywhere in Europe – O’Reilly’s Irish pub. Otherwise lounge bars are also hugely popular.

On the cultural and classical side the Staatstheater Stuttgart offers a wide variety of excellent performances with opera, plays and ballets. These are highly popular performances and the theatre has won many awards such as Germany’s Opera House of the Year 2006 and the Theatre of the Year 2006. There are many other venues found throughout the city which hold various live concerts especially the traditional jazz bands.

Of local interest

Throughout the year several large trade fairs, expositions and various festivals are held in Stuttgart. The most well-known festival is the Stuttgart Frülingsfest held over a couple of weeks from end September to first week of October. This huge festival attracts a vast number of visitors who descend on the city in droves to sample the many wines and alcohol produced in this region.

Undoubtedly, one of the liveliest annual festivals is the Stuttgart Beer Festival which takes place at the end of September. Although, this is not as well known as the Munich Oktoberfest it is still a festival to remember. So if you happen to be in Stuttgart at that time of the year then why not join in with the thousands upon thousands of locals and visitors who flock to this festival. The city’s mayor starts the festival with the tapping of barrels and for the next two weeks the city comes electric and alive with music, dancing, fairs and many other cultural activities – and at the end of the day the noisy festival tents are filled to capacity with virtually 5,000 revelers packed into each tent as they join in with the traditional music, singing and the downing of their beer.

For other excellent events there are for example the annual Automobile Exposition, the Stuttgart Book Fair as well as the Folk Festival which is also held later in the year and incorporates food, dancing, music and various craft fairs.

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Schwerin Coronavirus Cases Covid-19 Outbreak


The state capital of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern and second in the running for largest the fourth largest city in Germany, Schwerin is a delightful and picturesque place, surrounded by sparkling wrap around lakes. In fact, the city is also known fondly as Seven lakes, due to the number of lakes that make up the breeze ruffled waterscapes. Charismatic and striking, the city’s most famous sight – the Schwerin Castle is a definitive landmark dominating the skyline.

The unlikely sister town of Milwaukee in Wisconsin, Schwerin has seen many of their own residents moving over to the United States in the middle of the 1800s, not long after Schwerin was reinstated as the capital after the division of Mecklenburg state.

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The city long enjoyed a regal status as many Dukes and Duchesses resided there. Earlier drawings of the city indicate that their roots may go as far back as 965 AD – and fascinating stories of its charismatic past tell tales of mystery, romance, art and war.

Even though the Schwerin Castle is the only medieval site to have survived throughout the following centuries, there are a number of historical delights evident throughout the city showcasing some impressive 850 years of history. Winding cobbled streets, perfectly manicured lanes, lush natural surroundings, glorious galleries showcasing many works of art and a bustling cultural facet will surely astound the most discerning of travellers.

A visit to the Florence of the North, or the City of Seven Lakes, or Cathedral City, as it is variously known, is a sight to behold – full of excitement, culture and history.

Best Time to Go

The seasons in Germany offer a variety of different travel options that are absolutely fantastic 365 days of the year. The busiest season is summer – the months of June, July and August, when the weather is at its finest and visitors pour into the city. Also, around the end of the year, as the snow is thick and temperatures chilly, the weeks up to Christmas are busy as visitors flock to the city to enjoy the festivals and the Christmas markets.

With summer and Christmas as peak seasons, expect the prices of everything to reflect the same. If you are on a budget, and can’t face the long queues into all of the attractions, the hoards of people and the serious holiday prices, then you will be more suited to visiting during spring or fall. Fall is popular as the days are still nice and warm, but everybody who was visiting has already left. September is a wonderful month, unless you couldn’t bear to miss Oktoberfest the following month.

Winter temperatures often drop below freezing, so be sure that you are geared for the seriously cold weather. Summer daytime temperatures go up way into the 30°C (86°F) mark, and fall is known as their rainy season, so be prepared for frequent rain showers. No matter what, Schwerin won’t disappoint – whether you have packed your snow skis or flip flops.

Getting Around in Schwerin

Many people will tell you that the easiest way to get around the city is by foot. There are lots of trams and busses throughout the city as another option, and you can download maps for the transport and the famous sights right off the tourist website and plan where you want to go.

The main attractions of Schwerin are quite close together and you can hop off a tram and walk down the parks and lakes. Everything is beautiful and it is worth taking a quiet amble along the river side.

Cycling is also another popular way to see the sights of the city, and there are lots of demarcated paths, along rivers, rolling green fields, through quaint Mecklenburg villages with nothing but the call of the birds and the trickling river beside you. You can book a cycling tour or hire bicycles; the friendly staff at the Tourist Info Centre will help you find everything you need.

Major Attractions and Sites

The Schwerin Castle and Park– Not known as the jewel of Lake Schwerin for nothing, the Schwerin Castle is without a doubt the city’s most iconic landmark. Having survived through centuries and wars, whilst still standing tall and regal, the majestic castle is perched on the river’s edge, its incredible reflection back at her in the sparkling waters below. The architecture of the castle has somewhat of a fairy tale theme – a fortress of elegance, romance and delicacy with numerous turrets, vaults and multiple annexes.

With evidence suggesting that the castle has roots as far back as 965, it was once the residence for many Dukes and Duchesses in its royal time. The surrounding parklands are a big part of the dramatic attraction with manicured gardens sweeping across as far as the eye can see. A legacy of one of the world’s most powerful royal empires, the castle is a must see – it would be sacrilege not to – when visiting Schwerin.

The State Museum is the largest art gallery in all of Mecklenburg state. What was once planned as a palace home for a grand Duke, the unfinished building was transformed and completed by an architect who had a passion for art. It’s now home to the largest collection of Dutch art anywhere in Europe – see Hals, Rembrandt, Rubens and many more.

The State Theater of Mecklenburg stands right next to the State Museum on the square of the Alter Garten. A stunning example of Italian Renaissance design, the theater took 3 years to complete. It’s now the glorious venue for drama, ballet, musicals and German festivals and culture – performance are very much part of German culture.

The Cathedral and Market Square is enveloped by the Rathaus – the gothic/tudor style town hall and Lowendenkmal – the Lion Monument, which stands as reminders of the city’s historic past. The cathedral is the oldest building in the city, however sadly is not all original as many parts had to be rebuilt. But, the Paradiespforte – the Gate to Paradise, is completely original and preserved and the oldest part of the cathedral itself. There are some of the most incredible views of the city from the platform here.

The “Schelfstadt” was originally the brain child of Duke Friedrich Wilhelm way back in 1705. He commissioned this ‘New Town’ to be built, in the hope that it would attract craftsmen and merchants to come and settle here. But it only became part of the city in the middle of the 1800s. Stunning timber houses, charming cobbled streets, a baroque church, cultural centre and many historical buildings are just some of the things to be experienced here.

The Alter Garden Square is located right opposite the palace island and used to be the fruit orchards and vegetable garden for the Duke. Without question the square is the most beautiful and dramatic area in Schwerin – surrounded by the State Museum, the Theater of Mecklengburg, the old palais and the Kollegiengebaude – all 19th century buildings and all with the resplendent backdrop of the palace and the lake.

Lake Pfaffenteich can be found right in the heart of the city.  You can take tours of the lake on the Petermannchen ferry or meander along the lime tree boulevard visiting historic places like Demmler’s Home, the Arsenal, the Kuken House, and if you are there at the right time of the year, experience the Alstadtfest and the Dragon Boat Races.

Shopping in Schwerin

If you are a shopping enthusiast, then Schwerin is the place to be. No matter what your shopping style – whether you are into farmers markets, exclusive fashion boutiques, antiques and bargain hunting or a mall rat, there is everything here.

Head out to Puschkinstraße, Schusterstraße, Schmiedestraße and Enge Straße for everything you could possibly imagine along the streets – arts and crafts, antiques, jumble sales, fashion, clothing and jewelry.

There are some big shopping centers like Wurm, Schlossparkcentre and Burgseegalerie and the ultimate year round farmer’s food and craft markets in the Old Town Market Square – Schlachtermarkt. In November, there is a hugely popular medieval / Christmas market – Martensmakrt which must not be missed.

Eating Out in Schwerin

The food in Schwerin is real comfort food – rich with meat, potatoes, and of course generous helpings of German beer; throw your diet out of the window when you get here, there is nothing slimming about it.

Bacon, butter, ham, roasts, wurst, raisins, apples, dumplings and Himmel und Erde are just some of the local staples you can expect to stumble upon on your culinary journey feasting in Schwerin.

Fish is also high on the list as the surrounding lakes provide the city with a wealth of the freshest fish. Lots of traditional Mecklenburgian dishes can be found on menus as well as more modern, lighter fare.

Café Antik is a popular local hangout that is a bit tucked away from the busy tourist areas, which is why it is a welcome retreat.

Chill out on antique furniture, grab a coffee or a beer, put your feet up and enjoy some great food, good company, friendly staff, a fantastic host and stay there all night if you want.

Generally open from 3pm, although depending on how late events ran the night before, you may have to wait a bit until they get sorted.

Cafe Prag is very popular for their friendly service, great food and good value for money. Leave some room after a hearty meal for their incredible cakes and don’t miss a chance to try their apple streusel – just take a takeaway if you can’t manage it there.

Several Arabic and Thai resuarants offer good food at a good price.

Nightlife in Schwerin

The nightlife in Schwerin is effervescent – don’t miss a chance to take a tour of the city with the night watchman and his bright lights. There is everything here, enjoy cocktails, a theatre show, dancing until dawn or a good night out at the pub.

Beer is a huge national favorite and it is not uncommon to find the quaint little pubs and bars opening only much later in the afternoon, and then staying open until the very early hours of the morning.

Biergartens are popular in the summer, and it is great to sit outdoors with a beer and a pretzel overlooking the lakes, lush gardens and surrounded by a happy vibe of locals and visitors alike.

The local people in Schwerin are friendly and the staff at many of the establishments speak English, and are happy to help you order, or give you directions to the next party place.

Summer is a very busy time as the weather is nice and everybody wants to get outside and enjoy a beer, so be sure to get there early or if you can book in advance, otherwise you will end up being disappointed.

There are a couple of casinos, as well as bowling if you don’t feel like going out on a pub crawl. Check out the local list of events and shows, you could find yourself in luck with last minute tickets left for a great show.

Zum Freischütz is a hugely popular pub that has a fantastic drinks and food menu – go early, as it is always packed and don’t forget to try the Fladenbrot; it’s huge so you can share it with 2 people.

Tapas Bar Weinhaus Wöhler is good for cocktails, wine, food in a great vibey atmosphere.

Octagon is where to chill out at a club with many different faces. Wander into the Casabalanca room, groove at the House and Black floor and grab a cocktail at the Bayernbar.

Of Local Interest

Schwerin’s Open Air Opera Castle Festival
Every year for more than a decade the State Theatre of Mecklenberg has been putting on an Open Air Opera Festival at the Castle.

Opera under the stars quickly became a popular trademark and has evolved into one of the premier international events on the opera calendar.

Book in advance and get tickets to La Traviata, Rigoletto and Nabucco – to name but a few. There cannot be a more dramatic backdrop to such sensational events – as the Castle.

Emotional and moving, to see performances here are most certainly a once in a life time experience.

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Munich Coronavirus Cases Covid-19 Outbreak


The beating heart of German culture, industry, commerce and history, Munich, the capital of Bavaria is a stunning example of architecture and the arts. Most famous perhaps for its legendary annual beer festival – Oktoberfest, the pulse in the city is energetic and vivacious and Munich is one of the most densely populated cities in Germany.

Starting out life as a medieval town, having seen the likes of the Duke of Saxony, Henry the Lion and the Duke of Bavaria, documents go back to show that the city had origins as far back as the mid 1100s. Evidence of the city’s fascinating history is everywhere – gothic architecture and impressive cathedral churches and residences of German Kings and Holy Roman Emperors make the past come alive.

Surviving two World Wars and the painstaking restoration of the city to its former glory, ready to host the Summer Olympic Games a few decades later, is a standing testament to the people of Munich. These days, ancients sites, historic museums, manicured parks and gardens all live harmoniously between new age technology, high rise buildings, modern architecture, plenty of Biergartens, lakes and lush surroundings. Listing Munich as having one of the most coveted lifestyles in the world, according to research, Munich may be one of the most expensive cities in the world, but when it comes to an enviable lifestyle, there is no near match for the city anywhere in Europe.

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There is a bustling student life here, as Munich is home to internationally acclaimed universities and is considered to be a leading centre for science and research in its own right. Considering you are in the most prestigious beer country in the world, Munich is famous for its breweries especially the legendary Weissbeer, a Bavarian specialty.

Best Time To Go to Munich

Being so close to the Alps, Munich is the German city that gets the most snow in winter, along with plenty of below freezing temperatures. But don’t let that put you off; the snow is part of the city’s charm. The weather can be unpredictable though, with a warm, muggy wind known as a föhn wind, which whips down from the Alps changing the weather rapidly and making the Alps seem almost closer to the horizon.

In the summer months the temperatures can get very hot, and it is not uncommon to have an average of 36°C (97°F) during June, July and August, but this is when it is most busy. The umbrellas over biergartens pop up everywhere, the parks are in full bloom, lush tree-lined walkways are heaving with markets and people milling around and the atmosphere is happy and energetic.

Munich is one of those places you can visit right throughout the year; it all depends on your preference and your budget. It goes without saying that the summer season and during Oktoberfest is going to be your busiest, along with peak season prices for flights, accommodation, food and entrance fees and the queues to get into museums, sights and attractions are going to be long. November and December are also busy as visitors flock to the city – bundled up warm, to experience a true German winter: Lots of mulled wine, gingerbread men and Christmas markets and loads of visitors, despite the freezing weather.

Spring and fall are quieter months; the weather is still great, and the prices are somewhat lower and you can get great off peak prices, but remember this is Munich – not a city known for anything that comes cheap.

Getting Around in Munich

Depending on what you want to see and how long you plan to be in the city, there are two great ways to get around in Munich. One is by bicycle – the city is very much bike friendly. You can pick up a multi-day rental at any of the agents throughout the city if you plan to see lots of things in one day, or register with (the numbers are listed on the bikes all over the city) You just pick one up and drop it off anywhere you go. It is recommended that you wear a helmet even though it is not enforced. You can pick up maps and bikes at the Hauptbahnhof (main train station)

The other great way is the public transport system. Pick up one ticket – an MVV, and you can travel on the trams, the S-Bahn (trains in the suburbs) and the U-Bahn (Underground train).  A weekly ticket will be your most affordable option if you are staying for more than 3 days.

Taxis are expensive and with such a great transport system it is not necessary to use one and driving is not recommended – traffic is horrendous, parking is non-existent and if you find some, it will seriously hurt your wallet. Arrange a shuttle to your hotel and back to the airport with all of your bags if you like and then make your own way from there.

Major Attractions and Sights

Munich has an absolute abundance of exciting things to see and do, and most certainly a few days is not going to be enough to see and experience everything. There is something going on in the city all year round and if you are going for Oktoberfest, you need to book months in advance for your spot in the beer hall, a hotel room and the like; otherwise you can forget about that one. Whether you are here for the food, the people, the architecture, the history, the incredible culture, the buzzing atmosphere and the vibe, you are literally spoilt for choice.

The Schloss Nymphenburg is the previous summer residence frequented by many Bavarian Kings. The stunning baroque palace was commissioned in 1664 and was continuously added to over the decades. Stunning parks covering some 490 acres surround the incredible palace and French baroque pavilions of breathtaking opulence and a number of famous museums such as the Erwin von Kreibig-Museum, the Porzellanmuseum München, the Marstallmuseum and the Museum Mensch can be visited here.

Frauenkirche is a dramatic Munich landmark built in the 1400s. An absolutely incredible cathedral that can seat no less than 20,000 people is now the cathedral for the Archdiocese of Munich and Freising, and catholic mass services are held here frequently. One of the only original surviving interior pieces that was not destroyed in the war is the Teufelsschritt (Devils Footstep).

The National Bavarian Museum is one of the most fascinating museums of cultural history in all of Europe. Discover here loads of artifacts dating from the Middle Ages until the 20th century from pottery, to armor, furniture and porcelain.

Theatinerkirche is a majestic Rococo style Church built in the 1600s as a gesture of thanks for the much anticipated birth of Prince Max Emanuel – heir to the Bavarian crown in the late 1600s. Features include stunning architecture, paintings and a 71 meters high dome.

Briennerstrasse is one of the 4 grand royal avenues that run through the city. Meander along the exclusive strip of high end boutiques, enjoy a coffee at one of the sidewalk cafes or a meal at one of the upscale restaurants in the eastern section.

Neues Rathaus is one of the most iconic landmark buildings in the city, covering well over 9000 square meters in area and boasting some 400 plus rooms. There is a big restaurant taking up the entire basement floor – Ratskeller, and there are some small businesses including the city’s biggest tourist information office located here. Every day the Rathaus-Glockenspiel is played at 11, 12 and 5pm.

The Schloss Schleißheim is a stunning baroque palace just outside of the city centre. It was originally built as a residence for Elector Max Emanuel in the early 1700s, but the Elector was forced into exile and never ended up living there. It is an astounding architectural feat of genius and not to be missed, especially the 980-seater beer garden on the palace grounds.

The Tierpark Hellabrunn or Munich Zoo, is possibly the most famous zoo in the world. And even if you are not a fan of traditional zoos, you must visit this one- to dispel all the negative connotations you may have with animals in captivity; animals in abundance in their natural habitats, one of the biggest free flight aviaries in the world and a special children’s zoo. Not to be missed.

The City Museum of Munich has a fascinating and comprehensive showcase of the exciting history of Munich. Exhibits show the harsh reality of war and what this incredible city went through during war torn times. See the puppetry and musical instruments exhibitions as well as the seasonal displays.

Shopping in Munich

Shopaholics will think they have arrived in retail heaven when they get to the city. There is something everywhere, whether it is pedestrian street markets, Christmas markets, farmers craft and produce markets, jumble and bargain sales, antique shops, high end boutiques, flea markets and designer shops you are after, you are in luck, whichever way you turn.

The city is massive, so it is impossible to list every shopping district, as every area has one. Christmas markets are mainly located at Chinesischer Turm and Englischer Garten, Marienplatz and Wittelsbacher Platz. There are some great flea and bric-a-brac markets at Theresienwiese, Messegelände Riem, Olympiapark and Hofflohmärkte.

Kaufingerstrasse / Neuhauserstrasse is one of the most popular shopping districts for affordable shopping, less high end prices and lots of places to rest a pair of exhausted shopping feet. During summer and on Saturdays, this area is heaving with people and can be unpleasantly busy, so if you don’t like crowds pick a better time to go.

Eating Out in Munich

Bavarian cuisine is everywhere in Munich. Sausage and beer are meal staples from breakfast to dinner, and lots of meat, bread, pretzels and beer are everywhere. Feast on a lazy late breakfast consisting of Weißwurst and Weissbier, hot breakfast sausage with mustard and white beer. Don’t go home without trying the Schweinshaxe or Schwinsbraten along with a quick snack to go with some more beer – Leberkässemmeln, which is a white roll filled with pork, veal and lemon served with mustard. It’s good value for money and will keep you going the whole day.

Baked goods, cakes and pretzels of Brezn, are staples you will find in every café and restaurant. But there is also an abundance of international cuisine throughout the city, so if you flew half way around the world to get a Chinese takeaway in Munich, you are in luck.

Shop around at the fresh markets, and buy local natural produce, feast on chestnuts, fresh fruit, ice cream and pastries from the street markets.

The Weisses Bräuhaus Munch on Weisswurst, is the place for Weissbeir and to enjoy a fun filled evening with lively ommpah-band.

Handskugel is the oldest restaurant in Munich founded in 1440. Good Bavarian food, great beer, a fantastic atmosphere and one of the best Bavarian experiences to be had.

Ruffini is one of those places that you can go into at any time and have a good time no matter what time or day: Lots of organic food, hip people, families, friendly tattooed artists, students and couples, who come to sit on the sunny, self-service terrace on the rooftop.

Nightlife in Munich

Kugeralm is a traditional Bavarian beer garden where you can pick up a Radler. A half beer and half lemonade mix invented by some savvy bar staff who actually ran out of beer upon being descended by hoards of cyclists who arrived for a thirst quenching drink on a hot summer’s day in 1922. They quickly diluted the beer with half a glass of lemonade and served it to the cyclists, professing that it was made especially for them because it didn’t have such a high level of alcohol.

Hirschgarten is the largest beer garden in Europe, seating a whopping 8,000 beer lovers. There are wild boars, deer and a mini zoo.

Waldwirtschaft is the place to go if you are looking for somewhere to start off a great night on the town. Enjoy live jazz music and rub shoulders with local celebrities.

Local Interest

Oktoberfest One of the world’s most well-known festivals – a celebration of German beer, Oktoberfest can be looked at as the planet’s most well attended drink-a-thon, where thousands of people come from all over the world to drink their body weight in beer, and then some. Just over 2 weeks of celebrations that start in September and spill right over to October, the festival has been going from strength to strength for over 200 years. More than 7.5 million people visited the festival and consumed almost 7 million liters of beer in 2011 alone, all dressed up in traditional Bavarian costumes, hats and all. It is without a doubt the biggest party in the world, and to get the best seats in the house, book a year in advance.

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Frankfurt Coronavirus Cases Covid-19 Outbreak

Frankfurt Travel Guide

Frankfurt (German: Frankfurt am Main) is the largest city in the German state of Hesse, and is considered the business and financial centre of Germany. It is the fifth largest city in Germany after Berlin, Hamburg, Munich and Cologne. The city is known for its modern skyline, and for hosting the headquarters of the European Central Bank, the Deutsche Börse stock exchange and numerous German financial services companies. Furthermore, it hosts some of the world’s most important trade shows, such as the Frankfurt Auto Show and the Frankfurt Book Fair. Located on the river Main at a crossroad of the German Autobahn system and connected to several high-speed rail lines, with Germany’s busiest airport on its outskirts, Frankfurt is one of the most important transportation hubs of Europe.

Sitting at the geographical center of the European Union, Frankfurt is a prominent transportation and finance hub with global influence based in Germany. Visitors can look no further than the city’s futuristic skyline to view the impressive list of companies and organizations that call Frankfurt home. Nicknamed ‘Mainhattan’, the European Central Bank, Frankfurt Stock Exchange, German Federal Bank and Deutsche Bank all reside in the city’s impressive financial district.

Frankfurt is a city of contrasts. Wealthy bankers, students and hippie drop-outs coexist in a city that has some of the highest, most avant-garde skyscrapers of Europe next to well maintained old buildings. The downtown area, especially Römer square and the museums at the River Main, draw millions of tourists every year. On the other hand, many off-the-beaten-track neighbourhoods, such as Bockenheim, Bornheim, Nordend and Sachsenhausen, with their intact beautiful 19th-century streets and parks are often overlooked by visitors.

It’s the heart of the Rhine-Main region, spanning from Mainz and Wiesbaden in the west to Hanau in the east and Gießen in the north to Darmstadt in the south and has some 5,500,000 inhabitants in the whole surrounding metropolitan area.

Frankfurt is the place where Germany’s major autobahns and railways intersect. About 650,000 people commute to the city each day, not counting some 700,000 people who live here. With a huge airport — the third-largest in Europe — it is the gateway to Germany and for many people also the first point of arrival in Europe. Further, it is a prime hub for interconnections within Europe and for intercontinental flights.

In the years following 1968, especially in the late 1970s and up to the early 1980s, Frankfurt was a centre of the left wing Sponti-Szene, which frequently clashed with police and local authorities over politics and urban design issues (specifically whether or not old buildings should be torn down). Several members of these radical groups went on to have quite respectable careers in politics, among them Daniel Cohn-Bendit (long time leading MEP for the Greens) and Joschka Fischer (Foreign Minister and Vice Chancellor 1998-2020), though their erstwhile radical and violent antics did hurt them in their later political careers.

Frankfurt has one of the highest percentage of immigrants in Germany: about 25% of Frankfurt’s people have no German passport and another 10% are naturalized German citizens. With about 35% immigrants, Frankfurt is one of the most diverse of German cities.

Frankfurt is home to many museums, theatres and a world-class opera.

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The map of Frankfurt’s subdivisions

Territorial subdivisions

Frankfurt is divided into 16 Ortsbezirke, which are further subdivided into 46 Stadtteile. As Frankfurt is an expansive city with a large area given its population, most of those are of little interest to a tourist, with most attractions concentrated in the Ortsbezirk Innenstadt I (there are four Ortsbezirke starting with Innenstadt (“inner city”), distinguished by Roman numerals). Some Stadtteile of particular note are:

  • Altstadt (Römer areal) – the heart of Frankfurt’s old town, largely rebuilt after the Second World War
  • Innenstadt – named confusingly (sharing its name with the larger Ortsbezirke) is the part embracing the Altstadt up until the old city fortifications, still visible as a green belt on the city map. The home to the most of Frankfurt’s skyscrapers
  • Bahnhofsviertel – the densely-built part of the city immediately facing the Hauptbahnhof, hosting the most hotels in town and its red light district
  • Gutleutviertel – the area south of the tracks leading up to the Hauptbahnhof, with a modern residential quarter on the Main
  • Gallus – the area north of the Hauptbahnhof tracks known most for the past-2010 Europaviertel development (a new city quarter with apartment blocks and offices built around the wide Europaallee next to the fairgrounds)
  • Bockenheim
  • Westend – the most expensive part of Frankfurt by land values, mostly covered with low-rise residential buildings and villas, but also several skyscrapers on its edges
  • Nordend
  • Bornheim – Popular area with small shops, cafés and restaurants, as well as historic taverns and half-timbered houses.
  • Sachsenhausen – the historic southern bank of the river Main, which preserved its typical 19th-century character, very different from the modern northern bank punctured by skyscrapers. Includes the Museumsufer museum collection directly at the riverbank. See listing below for further details.
  • Höchst – Formerly a separate small town, now a suburb. The small Altstadt, around the Schloss, is one of the closest places to central Frankfurt that you can see large numbers of traditional timber-framed buildings that didn’t get destroyed in the war. The square by the Schloss has some very nice traditional Gaststätte to eat or drink in.

When to visit

The best times for Frankfurt are late spring to early autumn. The summers tend to be sunny and warm around 25°C (77°F). Be prepared, however, for very hot summer days around 35°C (95°F) as well as for light rain. The winters can be cold and rainy (usually not lower than -10°C/14°F). It rarely snows in Frankfurt itself.

If you intend to stay overnight, you may wish to avoid times when trade fairs are held, as this will make finding affordable accommodation a challenging task. The biggest are the Frankfurt Motor Show (Automobil-Ausstellung) every two years in mid-September (next in 2017) and the Book Fair (Buchmesse) yearly in mid-October; see Fairs for details.

Tourist information

There are two offices for tourism information:

  • Touristinfo Hauptbahnhof (near the main exit, next to the DB service area, look for the signs) ,  fax+49 69 2123-7880 Monday to Friday 08:00-21:00, Sa Su Holidays 09:00-18:00; New Year + New Year’s Eve 08:00-13:00; closed 25-26 Dec.
  • Touristinfo RömerRömerberg 27 ,  fax+49 69 21 23 78 80 Monday to Friday 09:30–17:30, Sa Su holidays 10:00-16:00 New Year + New Year’s Eve 10:00-13:00; closed 25-26 Dec.

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Get in

Frankfurt is the heart of central Germany and as such, it is one of the most important transportation hubs. It has excellent connections by rail, road and air. Reaching and leaving Frankfurt is easy.

By plane

Frankfurt Airport

Frankfurt Airport  is among the busiest in Europe — fourth in passenger traffic after Heathrow Airport, Schiphol Airport and Paris Charles de Gaulle Airport. Frankfurt is the banking centre of Germany and hosts numerous international trade fairs. Therefore all major airlines and all airline alliances fly frequently to Frankfurt and connect it to every inhabited continent and all major cities in the world. The German flag carrier [Lufthansa] is the main airline in Frankfurt and offers most connections. [Lufthansa] also has several domestic feeder flights to and from Frankfurt that also serve business travelers.

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The airport is connected to downtown Frankfurt by taxibus (line 61 to (Frankfurt South Station), and most easily by S-Bahn (fast commuter trains).

To get to the city by S-Bahn, take lines or in the direction of Offenbach Ost or Hanau at the regional train station, 2 Frankfurt(M) Flughafen Regionalbahnhof, on the lowest level of Terminal 1 (entrances in section A and B). If your plane lands or departs from Terminal 2, count in another 15 minutes as you need to move between the terminals with either the shuttle bus or the monorail Skytrain (both are free of charge, just follow the signs). If you want to go downtown, get off at , or , which are in the heart of the city. If you want to change to long-distance trains get off at (Frankfurt Central Station). The ride from the airport to the central station takes about 20 minutes. You have to purchase a ticket at the vending machines (only cash) in the train station before boarding the train. The adult ticket costs €4.80 (€2.80 for children).

If you want to go to the airport by S-Bahn, take the or in the direction of Wiesbaden. Don’t take the , since it does not stop at the airport.

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ICE 3 at Flughafen Fernbahnhof (Airport long-distance train station)

Regional trains RB and RE to Mainz, Wiesbaden, and Hanau stop at the same place as the S-Bahn to Frankfurt.

Connections outside the Frankfurt region have a separate long-distance train station, 3 Frankfurt(M) Flughafen Fernbahnhof. Here, you can board high-speed long-distance trains (Inter-City and ICE) to Cologne, Munich and other national and international destinations. Local train tickets are not valid on ICE or IC.

Hahn Airport

The smaller airport called Frankfurt/Hahn  , mostly used by no-frills airlines, advertises proximity to Frankfurt. However, Hahn is far away from Frankfurt and it takes about 90 minutes to drive there from downtown to cover the 125 km (78 mi) distance. For that airport, if you have to use it at all, allow more time in your travel plans and budget. A bus from Frankfurt/Hahn to Frankfurt Main airport and on to Frankfurt Hauptbahnhof (Frankfurt Central Station) costs about €14 and leaves roughly every hour. Tickets are available from the kiosk outside in front of the main entrance.

Frankfurt/Hahn is not far (9 km) from Traben-Trarbach, which lies by the Moselle Valley river and has a train station. The streets between the airport and Traben-Trarbach are not lit at night and have no sidewalk.

Travel by train to Frankfurt

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Hauptbahnhof with ICE 3M Niederlande

Frankfurt has three major train stations: Hauptbahnhof (main station)Südbahnhof (south station) and the above-mentioned one at the airport (Flughafen Fernbahnhof). However, several inter-city trains that stop at the airport do not stop at Hauptbahnhof. Long-distance trains leaving from Hauptbahnhof do not stop at Südbahnhof, while a few long-distance trains pass by Hauptbahnhof and only stop at Südbahnhof. Check the timetable to make sure you are going to the right station!

Frankfurt Hauptbahnhof is one of the biggest and busiest train stations in Europe, so it’s definitely worth a visit. Frankfurt has connections to most German cities – and neighbouring countries especially to the south and west – via InterCity and high-speed InterCity Express trains. There is no problem to get a connection to any train destination from Frankfurt.

Frankfurt train stations are very large, confusing, labyrinth-like places for newcomers. Allow extra time to locate the boarding area for your train. Don’t hesitate to ask someone for help the first time. There is a large departures signboard above the main exit/entrance with destination and platform information, and you can also get information from the railway travel office in the station.

From the main ticket office at Frankfurt you can buy 5- and 10-day rail travel cards which allow you to travel around Germany using all train services, including the Intercity ones. These are a significant saving on individual train fares. The 5-day ticket costs €189 and the 10-day ticket €289. You cannot buy these tickets from regional train stations.

In addition to regular Deutsche Bahn trains and regional trains on which DB tickets are valid, Frankfurt is also served by Locomore on their Berlin-Stuttgart service. Tickets can be bought through Flixbus, but DB tickets are not valid and there is no BahnCard discount. That said, Locomore tickets are usually considerably cheaper than comparable DB tickets.

By car

Frankfurt is connected to several autobahns and can be easily reached by car. Try to avoid rush-hour and especially snowy days, as car traffic can easily break down. Parking is definitely a problem in most areas. Especially during big conventions—such the Internationale Automobilausstellung (International Automobile Exhibition) in September, or the Frankfurter Buchmesse (Frankfurt Book Fair) in mid-October—you should consider using the well designed park-and-ride system If you intend to stay mostly in Frankfurt and only make day-trips to the bigger cities in the surrounding area, consider leaving the car altogether and arriving by train, as Frankfurt has a superb public transport system (see below).

By bus

Frankfurt is serviced by various trans-European buslines like Eurolines. If you are on a tight budget or are scared of air travel, this can be a good way to reach Frankfurt. However, flights booked in advance or special offers for the train may still be cheaper. The bus of course is always the slowest option.

Because it is in the centre of Germany, Frankfurt is also a hub for domestic buses. Major lines to all big and several small cities intersect in Frankfurt, with several daily departures. Buy tickets in advance to get better rates.

All buses pick up and drop off passengers at kerbside on Bus pickup (Stuttgarter Str.), at the south side of the Hauptbahnhof, exit halfway down platform 1. A proper bus terminal is under construction at this site.

History of Frankfurt

In close proximity to one of Europe’s most vital rivers, Frankfurt’s origins date back to the 1st century when it was a Roman outpost. A key city in the Holy Roman Empire, the settlement’s ideal location along the banks of the Main River made it a vital trading post. This led to the founding of the Frankfurter Messe (Frankfurt Trade Fair), which was first mentioned in the 1100s. 900 years later, trade fairs are still a vital part of the local economy.

After developing throughout the Middle Ages and subsequent Renaissance period, the city found itself under the rule of 4 different monarchs and governments over the next several hundred years. Following a tumultuous first half of the 20th century, Frankfurt rose as an economic power in West Germany and became known for its transportation infrastructure, making it an attractive option for companies both nationally and abroad.

The city’s economic importance was only strengthened following the reunification of Germany and the introduction of the Euro over a decade later. Known as the City of the Euro, Frankfurt has propelled itself into a position as a leading global city and now boasts the largest financial center in continental Europe. Along with its financial prowess, the city is also known for its trade fairs. A tradition in the region going back nearly 1000 years, the Frankfurter Messe (Frankfurt Convention Center) is the third largest in the world and hosts numerous notable fairs throughout the year, attracting visitors from all over the world.

Geography and Weather in Frankfurt

Frankfurt sits at the center of a major metropolitan region of Germany that includes a population of nearly 6 million people. The more rural areas on the outskirts of town are still characterized by dense forests. The city’s dominating geographical feature is the Main River, which connects downstream to the Rhine River near the city of Mainz. Bordering the northwestern suburbs of the city are the Taunus Mountains, which consist of a series of relatively low mountains popular with hikers and bikers.

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Frankfurt enjoys a relatively warm climate from May to September, with temperatures dipping significantly in winter. However, due to its relatively low elevation, the city does not receive a lot of snow during the colder months.

Getting Around in Frankfurt

Frankfurt is one of the world’s largest transportation centers and boasts an incredibly modern transport network. Most visitors arrive to the city through its international airport (Frankfurt Airport) or main train station (Frankfurt Hauptbahnhof). From here, there are a number of transportation options when it comes to traversing the region.

The Frankfurt metropolitan area contains a modern network of freeways, making car rental a viable option for visitors. Car rental agencies can be found at the airport, major train stations and additional locations around the city. In general, agencies accept American driver’s licenses, allowing Americans to easily rent a vehicle. German driving rules are generally quite similar to those in America and most tourists do not find it difficult to drive in the region.

Public transportation in the form of trains, subways and trams cover a vast majority of the Frankfurt metropolitan region. This includes not only Frankfurt, but other major cities including Wiesbaden, Mainz, Offenbach and Darmstadt.

Main Attractions, Sights and Things to do


Housing a prestigious art collection that spans seven centuries, the Städel stands as one of Frankfurt’s cultural highlights and is a must-visit for tourists in the city. Starting from the Middle Ages, the collection features a who’s who of European masters including Botticelli, Raphael and Monet. Situated on the banks of the Main River, the Städel can be reached by following the city’s U-Bahn to Schweizer Platz Station.

Römerberg Plaza and History Museum

Römerberg Plaza sits at the center of Frankfurt’s Old Town. Rebuilt with painstaking detail following World War II, the pedestrian zone features buildings as they stood in the 1500s. Characterized by crow-stepped gables popular throughout the region at the time, this was the site of Frankfurt’s city hall. Today, the plaza stands as a reminder of Frankfurt’s heritage as one of the most scenic parts of town.

Located within Römerberg Plaza is the city’s Historisches Museum (History Museum). Here, visitors can see original artwork and drawings of Römerberg and the surrounding city as it stood in the Middle Ages. The museum also focuses on the overall history of the region, starting from prehistoric times and ending in the modern day.

Main Tower Observation Deck

Visitors to Frankfurt can get a bird’s eye view of ‘Mainhattan’ by heading to the city’s formidable Main Tower. At over 200 meters high, it is the fourth tallest building in the world. The 56th floor observation deck is a must for first time Frankfurt visitors. On a clear day, all of Frankfurt can be seen along with mountains in the distance. Visit the tower around dusk for the best photo opportunities.

Financial District

Though not strictly catering to tourists, Frankfurt’s financial district, like Wall Street and the City of London, should not be missed. Exit Taunusanlage Station and look up to view Deutsche Bank’s twin skyscrapers towering above. Take a short walk through the nearby park to view the European Central Bank at Eurotower.

Alte Oper

Originally constructed in 1880, Frankfurt’s opera house is one of the city’s most beautiful and regal buildings. Restored following WWII, the venue plays host to over 50 events each year. Internationally renowned musicals, theater shows, classical performers and jazz acts can all be seen at the opera house. Even if there isn’t a show, the in-house restaurant is worth a visit.

Rhineland Day Trips

Frankfurt’s close proximity to the scenic Rhine River Valley makes it a popular starting point for day trips to the region. In the warmer months, tour boats leave central Frankfurt on a regular basis and head towards the Rhine River. Day trips commonly include excellent sightseeing opportunities, along with village and castle excursions.

Shopping in Frankfurt

The Zeil

The Zeil is Frankfurt’s most popular shopping street. The pedestrian thoroughfare is home to a laundry list of major fashion, home goods and cosmetics brands. The street is anchored by the Zeilgalerie, which is an extensive indoor shopping facility specializing in fashion, cafes and restaurants. The roof of the Zeilgalerie is a viewing deck which boasts excellent views of the surrounding skyline. The recently opened MyZeil shopping mall is the latest addition to the street. Featuring 8 floors and unique architecture, MyZeil is quickly earning a reputation as an international shopping destination. In addition to all this, the Zeil hosts farmers markets twice a week where visitors can sample local produce and gourmet foods.

Located in central Frankfurt, the street is serviced by public transport stations Hauptwache and Konstablerwache on either end.

Neue Kräme

Situated in Frankfurt’s Old Town, Neue Kräme is a pedestrian street known for its high concentration of specialty shops, bakeries and cafes. The street has been a shopping district since the middle ages and is a popular place for both tourists and locals to escape the hustle and bustle of the city.

Neue Kräme is situated within walking distance from the Dom/Römer U-Bahn station.


Goethestraße is Frankfurt’s best known luxury shopping street. The pretty, tree-lined road is packed with luxury brands like Giorgio Armani, Tiffany & Co., Hermes, Louis Vuitton, Bvlgari, Versace and more. Even if high-end shopping isn’t on the itinerary, Goethestraße is worth a visit for the people watching alone. The street is located within walking distance from the Hauptwache and Alter Oper U-Bahn Stations.


No great city would be complete without a farmer’s market and Frankfurt is no exception. Though there are numerous regular markets around town, Kleinmarkthalle represents the best of what the city has to offer. Featuring numerous food and flower stalls, the market has been a central food exchange for over 100 years. A foodies dream, there are endless rows of vendors selling locally sourced gourmet meats, cheeses, wines, spices, baked goods and more. Conveniently, the market is centrally located between Hauptwache, Konstablerwache and Dom/Römer Stations.

Eating Out in Frankfurt

Frankfurt’s international prominence has attracted new residents from all across Europe and Asia. As it stands today, the city has a foreign population of around 25%. As a result, the city includes an eclectic mix of restaurants representing virtually every major world cuisine. To find Frankfurt’s largest concentration of cafes and restaurants, head to Hasengasse near the aforementioned Kleinmarkthalle with a lot of Thai, Russian and Indonesian restaurants.

Adolf Wagner

Centrally located in the city’s Sachsenhausen neighborhood, Adolf Wagner is Frankfurt’s best bet when it comes to traditional German cuisine on a budget. Also well known for serving cider, the restaurant has been family owned and operated since 1931, and features a cozy warm interior with long tables and bench seating. Popular dishes at Adolf include local specialties such as rippchen (smoked pork chops) and Frankfurt’s own ‘green sauce’ served with hard boiled eggs or braised beef with home fries.


Situated within a beautifully restored 14th century building along a quiet part of the Main River, Gerbermühle is a mid-range restaurant attached to a hotel. Featuring a healthy mix of Germanic favorites like sauerbraten and wienerschnitzel, the restaurant also serves of number of continental and French-influenced choices to please any palette.

Frankfurter Botschaft

One of Frankfurt’s trendiest restaurants, the Frankfurter Botschaft offers an eclectic mix of high-end cuisine amidst a beautiful dining space with enviable views of the harbor and trendy new condos. Menus range from three to five courses and start at 44 Euros. Dishes include international favorites such as risotto and grilled sea bass, but also include traditional German options like sauerkraut soup.

Nightlife in Frankfurt

Frankfurt’s nightlife is varied and ranges from typical European discotheques, to trendy jazz clubs and even a thriving red light district. As a general rule, raunchier establishments can be found near the city’s major train stations (most notably Frankfurt Hauptbahnhof) as they cater to business travelers. Trendier clubs and lounges can be found along the Main River.

Jazzkeller (Jazz Cellar)

The Jazzkeller has been a Frankfurt mainstay since the 1950s and has played hosts to esteemed musicians such as Dizzy Gillespie and Louis Armstrong throughout the years. Over the decades, the tiny basement club has retained its 50s atmosphere where jazz music can be heard five nights a week. The club’s bar serves cocktails, wine and quality German Beers.

King Kamehameha Club

Named after Hawaii’s former king, the King Kamehameha doesn’t exactly exude the spirit of the islands, but does work well as a trendy lounge and nightclub. State of the art lighting and sound attract some of the world’s best known DJs to this up and coming location. In the summer, Kamehameha is sometimes transformed into a full blown beach club complete with imported sand and volleyball courts.

Die Schmiere

Off the wall and completely unique, Die Schmiere claims to be the ‘worst theater in the world’. Experimental shows, satire and even plays with no dialogue are all a part of the fun at this quirky theater.

Other Points of Interest

Frankfurter Buchmesse (Frankfurt Book Fair)

Frankfurt holds the largest annual book fair in the world which runs each October. A tradition dating back to at least the 1300s, the book fair attracts visitors from every corner of the globe and features works by international authors.


All major German cities hold Christmas markets from late November through to late December. Frankfurt’s market is located along the Main River at its scenic Römerberg Plaza. At the center of the plaza is a beautifully decorated Christmas tree along with a traditional carousel. Visitors to the market can keep warm with glasses of mulled wine while searching for the perfect Christmas decorations and gifts.

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In Germany, the health authorities reported 20,825 new corona infections by the Robert Koch Institute within 24 hours. Since the beginning of the pandemic, the RKI has counted a total of 983,731 infections with Sars-CoV-2 in Germany. The number of deaths related to the virus rose 416 to a total of 15,381.

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