Located on Turkey’s Mediterranean coast, Marmaris may lack in sights but is still a very popular family and youth resort.
Once a small fishing village, it started encountering mass tourism during the 80s, when it became popular with British and North European visitors, who flocked the town to enjoy the sun and the beach.
Today Russians are a respective share of incoming tourists and Marmaris has transformed into a loud lively small town with notorious nightlife.
Young Europeans come here to drink and dance until dawn, but Marmaris is also popular with families, who take advantage of the all-inclusive resort deals.
Walking is an easy choice for most places in Marmaris, since distances are relatively short. However, “dolmus” services cover most of the town’s points of interest; these local shared taxis have pre-set routes and feature different colours according to their destination. Privet taxis are also available throughout the town.
Things to see and do in Marmaris
One day would be more than enough to cover all of the city’s sights. Begin with Marmaris Castle, which was built by Suleyman the Magnificent in 1522 in order to assist its troops invade nearby Rhodes Island. Overlooking Marmaris’ marina, the castle now houses Marmaris Museum. The museum’s collections feature treasures and artefacts from Knidos and Hisaronu, including ceramics and glassware, as well as a display of ancient coins. The residential area around the castle hides some excellent examples of local architecture.
Continue with a visit to the town’s Bazaar. Lacking in local spirit, the bazaar mostly focuses on tourists. However, it is still worth a stroll around the colourful passageways to see how an oriental bazaar used to be. With a bit less than 1,000 shops, this market offers all kinds of Turkish souvenirs, from local sweets to carpets and from hookahs to spices. Dozens of clothing and footwear shops are available as well, but beware of fakes.
Vogue Jewellery Centre is located on Dacta Road and offers a vast variety of golden and silver jewellery, as well as wrist watches. Serviced by complementary shuttle-buses, this huge store is an interesting choice for window shopping, even if you don’t plan on making any purchase.
Once you are done with the sight-seeing, it is time to meet with the town’s key feature: entertainment! At night Bar Street is the place to be if you count yourself as a party animal. Centre of Marmaris’ dazzling nightlife, Bar Street is a no-restriction site, so don’t be surprised to see drunken youth losing clothes or acing crazy right in the middle of the street. If you don’t appreciate this kind of entertainment, take a seaside walk along the charming harbour, where privet yachts come to bind and elegant restaurants are set by the waterfront.
During the day, lie under sun at one of the town’s beaches. Although the beaches within walking distance from the centre are quite decent, those in search for better waters can hop on a dolmus, or water taxi, and visit nearby Icmaler and Turunc. Most beaches offer a wide variety of water sports for lifting up your adrenaline levels. Marmaris also features two water parks with water-slides and other aqua activities.
Marmaris can be used as a base for fascinating excursions around the wider area of Mugla. Dozens of local travel agencies organise day trips to popular destinations, such as Pamukkale natural site, Knidos archaeological site and popular Hisaronu Village. A bit longer sits the site of ancient Ephesus. Ferry trips to the Greek island of Rhodes are also available.
Ankara Coronavirus Covid-19 Update – Cases Quarantine Deaths Stats to Turkey
- I About Ankara
- II Ankara Esenboğa Airport
- III Getting around
- IV Things to see and do in Ankara
Featuring a population of almost 4,000,000 residents, Ankara has a dynamic student community, which lives up the city’s social and night life.
Gateway to deeper Anatolia, Ankara bears a 4000-year history, touches of which you will trace among scattered ancient, Hellenistic, Roman and Byzantine ruins. Recent history monuments adorn the capital’s streets and squares as well.
Ankara is Turkey’s capital, and its second city in size after Istanbul. Literally and figuratively, it is located at the heart of both Turkey and Central Anatolia, the surrounding region. The population is around 4.5 million.
Ankara is the administrative hub of Turkey and a huge university town, so it has a large population of government workers and university students. As the national capital Ankara is home to a large population of foreign diplomats and embassy staff, it offers goods and services that might be more difficult to find in other Turkish cities — for example you will have no problem ordering a cappuccino or a hamburger.
Ankara is a sprawling, modern city which can appear as little more than a dull, concrete jungle at first glance — most non-local Turks view Ankara as a depressive and grey city with nothing in offer other than the boring world of politics. Consequently, many visitors tend to use it merely as a transit point for getting to places like Konya or Cappadocia, however Ankara does have a lot to offer for those prepared to look a bit deeper — as the proud capital of the Turkish Republic, it is easy to trace the steps of the early republican years here, whether it be in the shape of the fine buildings of the first national architecture movement or the 1940s monuments following the totalitarian aesthetics of the era. Local museums abound with some of the best pieces of art in the country, ancient and modern. And since it originally lies on the mostly barren Central Anatolian steppelands, Ankara vigorously pursued a policy of tree planting, which resulted in many parks and forestlands around the town, which add to its charms.
Like most Turks, the locals are generally friendly and helpful to tourists. Ankara has a large university student population and many young people can communicate in English. Having said that, it’s still a good idea to have a Turkish phrasebook or dictionary on hand.
Apart from the old town in and around the citadel near Ulus, and unplanned shanty town neighbourhoods here and there built hastily by new immigrants from countryside in the last five decades, most of Ankara, which was a provincial town of 20,000 people in the early days of the Republic, is a purpose-built capital due to its strategic location at the heart of the country, although the history of settlement in the vicinity is millennia old.
While the biggest claim to fame of the town used to be the long-haired local breed of goats named after the former name of the city (Angora), out of which high quality mohair textiles were produced, today the few places where you can spot them in the city is the lawns in some parks or at the sides of clover-leaf interchanges on the highways—in the form of cute sculptures.
The “downtown” area of this large city is around Kızılay Square (Kızılay Meydanı, named after the headquarters of the Red Crescent, the Turkish equivalent of the Red Cross, now replaced by a modern shopping mall) which has a fair number of transportation links to almost anywhere in the city. To the north, Kızılay Square is connected by a wide avenue, Atatürk Boulevard, to the squares of Sıhhiye (Ottoman Turkish for “sanitary works” as this has been the site of the building of the Ministry of Health since the foundation of the republic), marked by an unmissable Hittite monument in the middle of its roundabout, and Ulus (“nation”, the site of the major institutions of the early years of the republic, such as the old parliament), which has a large equestrian monument of Kemal Atatürk, the founder of the republic, at its side. Ulus, the adjoining Hisar district around the hilltop citadel, and Hamamönü just south of it down the hill form the old town of Ankara.
To the immediate south of Kızılay lies the upmarket districts of Kavaklıdere, Gaziosmanpaşa and Çankaya. The city’s most expensive hotels and restaurants are found in this region, as are most of the embassies and consular services.
Southwest of Kızılay, past the aptly named Bakanlıklar (“ministries”) district, İsmet İnönü Boulevard (named after the second Turkish president) leads into the area collectively known as Eskişehir Yolu (literally “the road to Eskişehir”), which is lined by most of Ankara’s large and afforested university campuses and the buildings of the administrative institutions, including the National Parliament. The area morphes into exurbs several tens of kilometres out of the city, which eventually give way to the wide open steppe.
Weather in Ankara
As any other part of the Anatolian highland, the winters are cold and usually snowy. Temperature is regularly below the freezing point during this season, but it rarely drops below -15°C. Thanks to the low levels of relative humidity, the hot and dry summers are more comfortable than coastal regions of Turkey. Average daily temperatures in midsummer are around 30°C. Daily temperatures can reach 35°C and above, but is not common and usually last no more than a few days. Summer nights are cool, though, so be sure to bring at least a cardigan with you to wear outdoors. Spring and autumn are the wettest seasons, but with an annual precipitation of 415 mm (i.e. a semi-arid climate), you are unlikely to get much wet during your trip to Ankara, anyway.
Ankara Esenboğa Airport
Is the only civilian airport in Ankara. International flights are rather low in frequency and scope – apart from Turkish Airlines (THY), only Lufthansa, Austrian Airlines and British Airways offer direct flights to their respective European hubs. Iran Air also has two weekly flights to Tehran. For other carriers flying into Turkey, a flight into Istanbul is necessary, followed by an air transfer to Ankara by Turkish Airlines or Anadolu Jet (a low cost brand of Turkish Airlines). – EasyJet also offers discount flights to and from Istanbul Sabiha Gökçen Airport (SAW) and Basel-Mulhouse-Freiburg in the summer months (until October 25) and to and from Istanbul and London Luton airport all year round for fares as low as £22. | Is the only civilian airport in Ankara. International flights are rather low in frequency and scope – apart from Turkish Airlines (THY), only Lufthansa, Austrian Airlines and British Airways offer direct flights to their respective European hubs such as Frankfurt and London.
The only means of public transport are public busses numbered 442 (4 TL with one pass cards). It starts from the airport and follows a main artery to Ankara, passing through almost all central points, including train station, Kızılay, AŞTİ (intercity bus terminal). You can expect it to be rather crowded and as they don’t have separate sections for luggage, you might get exhausted at the end of the journey. One common way to travel to and from airports in Turkey is HAVAS but recently their services were temporarily suspended due to some legal issues with Ankara Metropolitan Municipality. Until the issues are solved, there won’t be any HAVAS service. Until then Ankara Metropolitan Municipality started their own shuttle service called Belko Air. They follow a similar route to the public transport, from airport it takes you to train station, Kizilay, and AŞTİ. You can put your luggage in luggage compartment. It costs you 11 TL. You can take a taxi as well but that would cost you around 100-140 TL one way, metered.
Travel by train to Ankara
Ankara is the eastern terminus of the Turkish high-speed rail system (YHT), with frequent fast trains to Konya, and via Eskişehir to Istanbul. Trains to Eskişehir and Konya take 90 minutes and those stations are within 3-5 km of their town centres, so they are easy day trips. Trains to Istanbul take 4½ hours; they also stop at Pendik, 25 km east of city centre and convenient for Istanbul Sabiha Gokcen airport (10 km, taxi or bus).
Destinations east of Ankara are served by slow overnight trains. The main services are to Diyarbakir and Kurtalan (the Guney Kurtalan Express), to Erzurum and Kars (the Dogu Express), and to Tatvan (the Vangölü Express), thence by dolmus to Van. From Van a train runs once a week to Tabriz in Iran, with onward trains to Tehran.
For times and reservations (strongly recommended) see TCDD Turkish Republic State Railways website.
A high-speed line is under construction from Ankara eastwards, and the first section to Kayseri and Sivas might open by 2020. The railway from Turkey to Georgia and Azerbaijan currently only carries freight, but passenger trains are expected to start in autumn 2019. International trains to Syria and Iraq are all suspended indefinitely.
Travel by bus to Ankara
If you are travelling from places other than Istanbul, you will find buses fast, inexpensive, and modern. Watch out for the drivers spraying your hands with lemon cologne if you do not like it.
Ankara Intercity Terminal
The buses terminate at this bus station (otogar), a huge, two-storey building with extended wings on sides. Most of the cities in Turkey have direct buses to the capital of Turkey. From Istanbul to Ankara, the bus trip takes around 6 hours and one way fare is between 55 and 85 TL. The fare varies by bus companies. Usually big companies like Pamukkale, Kamil Koç, Metro and Ulusoy have higher rates when other regional bus companies have lower prices, however the trip takes around 8 hours when you prefer these cheap regional bus companies. There are a lot of online services for buying tickets, but most of the time, companies’ own websites offer lower prices.
The city has a dense public bus network, a two-line subway called Ankara Metrosu and a single line suburban railway called Ankara Banliyö Treni.
For tourists, Ankara’s public transit system, particularly the public bus network, can be difficult to figure out, because maps are rare and all information is in Turkish. Nor is there any access provided for disabled travellers in any form of public transport. Buses and metros tend to be very crowded during rush hours, mainly on Mondays and Fridays.
If you know the city well, public transportation, mainly the metro, is an ideal, easy, quick and cheap way to get around particularly for longer distances. For shorter distances taxis are an easy, quick and cheap way to get around.
Travel by bus to Ankara
There are two types of public buses in Ankara; those run by the Ankara Municipality named Ankara Belediye Otobüsleri (EGO) and those run by a private corporation named Ankara Özel Halk Otobüsleri (ÖHO). You can differentiate these two types by their colours. EGO-run buses are white and blue while ÖHO-run buses are blue. Both types of these public buses use the same bus network and bus stops.
Ankara Municipal Buses
The Ankara Municipal Buses, named Ankara Belediye Otobüsleri (EGO), consists of an extensive and dense bus network, and is owned and operated by the Ankara Municipality.
Payment system for municipal buses is based on multi-use magnetic cards which are also used for the metro; starting from the smallest available which is the 1-unit card which costs 1.65 TL, 2-unit cards which cost 3.30 TL, 3-unit cards which cost 4.95 TL, 5-unit cards which cost 8.25 TL, 10-unit cards which cost 16.50 TL and 20-unit cards which cost 33.00 TL. A free transfer with the magnetic cards is possible within a duration of 45 minutes between the bus lines and metro lines. The magnetic cards cannot be purchased in buses and have to be purchased beforehand at kiosks and metro stations.
No stops and maps are displayed in the buses and bus stops nor announced by voice in the buses. However all current bus information is available online at the EGO English website. In addition, apps for smartphones are available with the same functionality.
Ankara Non-Municipal Public Buses
The Ankara Non-Municipal Public Buses, Ankara Özel Halk Otobüsleri (ÖHO), consists of an extensive and dense bus network, operated by a private corporation.
Payment system for non-municipal buses is with cash. The ticket, which is only a one-way ticket, is purchased in buses at a cost of 2.75 TL.
Unfortunately, no stops and maps are displayed in the buses and bus stops nor announced by voice in the buses.
The Ankara Metro, named Ankara Metrosu, consists of two metro lines, which are called Ankaray and Ankara Metro which is owned and operated by the Ankara Municipality .
The west-east light-rail line named Ankaray and the north-south heavy-rail Ankara Metro line are both mostly underground lines and intersect at Kızılay station.
The Ankaray line runs between AŞTİ (Ankara Şehirlerarası Terminal İşletmesi – Ankara Intercity Bus Terminal) and Dikimevi. The line is 8.7 km long (8.0 km underground and 0.7 km surface railway) and has 11 stations
The Ankara Metro line, runs between Kızılay, the town center, to Batıkent in the northwest. The line is 14.7 km long (6.5 km underground, 4.5 km surface, and 3.7 km elevated railway) and has 12 stations.
Payment for the subway is based on multi-use magnetic cards which is also used for the municipal buses; starting from the smallest available which is the 1-unit card which costs 1.65 TL, 2-unit cards which cost 3.30 TL, 3-unit cards which cost 4.95 TL, 5-unit cards which cost 8.25 TL, 10-unit cards which cost 16.50 TL and 20-unit cards which cost 33.00 TL. A free transfer with the magnetic cards is possible within a duration of 45 minutes between the bus lines and metro lines. The magnetic cards can be purchased at kiosks and metro stations.
All stations are announced both on a display and by voice in the metros.
By Suburban Railway
Ankara Suburban Railway (Ankara Banliyö Treni) consists of a single line, between Sincan and Eryaman in the west, through the town center, to Kayaş in the east. Trains run every 15 mins between about 06:00 and 22:00 . The line is 37.0 km long, all of it above ground, and has 24 stations. There’s nothing of visitor interest near the outlying stations, but Eryaman is an interchange with YHT trains to Konya, Eskişehir and Istanbul Pendik.
Buy tickets in cash at any station. A one-way ticket costs 1.70 TL and a return ticket costs 3.00 TL.
The entire line was closed for over a year due to construction at Ankara station and surrounding tracks, but it re-opened in April 2018. It’s owned and operated by Turkish State Railways.
Taxis are numerous in Ankara and are recognizable by their yellow color and word Taksi on top of the car. All licensed taxis have the letter T in their license plates.
The fare shown on the meter reads according to distance traveled. The ride will start from 2.20 TL, and the rate is 1.90 TL per kilometre. The rates for day and night are same. Tipping is not done other than rounding the fare to the next 50 kurus or 1 TL.
Occasionally, some taxi drivers will refuse to start the meter and try to negotiate a fixed price, mainly with tourists. But most taxi drivers will start taximeters at all times. You should avoid these cabs and simply take another one as you will almost certainly end paying too much. Many taxi drivers, even though very few of them speak a foreign language, will understand your requested destination and instructions. Tell them then to put the taximeter on. Taxi drivers do normally work with the taximeter, so they will not be surprised at all when you ask them to put it on. Emphasize to the taxi driver that you will pay for the meter price before getting in.
Always try to stop a taxi that is passing by on the road or find a legitimate taxi stop.
If you are not familiar with the city and see that you are a tourist, the taxi driver may drive a detour in order to charge you more. Insist on going to the destination that you want, and have a map to show them your destination, to avoid a detour.
Also beware that all taxis are required to have the designated license plate with the letter T apart from their yellow colouring.
Be careful about what notes you hand them for payment; some taxi drivers have tried to pretend that the 50 TL note that was handed was just a 5 TL note. Occasionally taxi drivers may actually also rip notes you give them, and tell you it is no good, in order to make you hand them a 50 TL note. So, make sure the notes are not ripped, and is actually the right one before you hand them over. Do not buy their quick-sell tricks and also do not allow them to round the price up to the higher denomination.
Ankara’s metro features two lines and is complemented by an efficient bus network. The metro runs from 6.15 am to 11.45 pm. Taxis are still quite inexpensive and pretty easy to find throughout the city, with night fare costing 50% higher than day fare.
Things to see and do in Ankara
The Museum of Anatolian Civilizations is unquestionably the top highlight when it comes to sight-seeing. Housed in a 15th-century “bedesten” (roofed market), it features artefacts gathered from archaeological sites all around Anatolia. Covering the periods from Palaeolithic Era to Roman times, it houses fascinating displays of ancient treasures from several civilizations, including Assyrian, Hittite, Phrygian, Lydian, Greek and Roman.
From ancient to recent history, Anit Kabir is Kemal Ataturk’s mausoleum. Walk up Lion Road, lined with 12 pairs of lion stone statues, to reach the tomb of modern Turkey’s founder. A small museum, dedicated to Ataturk, also stands within the site.
A set of Roman ruins lies around the area of Ulus. The ruins include the remains of the Temple of Augustus and Rome, the ground plans of some Roman Baths from 3rd century, the Column of Julian and the relics of a Roman Theatre which dates back to 200 BC.
Ankara’s Citadel is surrounded by medieval walls and encloses a picturesque well-preserved quarter of old Ankara. Sark Kulesi (castle), on the top of the citadel, offers visitors a bird’s eye view of the city. Cengelhan Industrial Museum and a 12th-century mosque are also located on the hisar (Turkish for citadel). Craftsmen and antique stores lay around the citadel and are worth a visit if you are not on a strict time schedule.
Apart from Sark Kulesi, the top of Atakule Tower is another great spot for captivating city views. Take the glass-lift to get to the top, where you can also enjoy a meal at the on-site revolving restaurant.
Folk art enthusiasts must not miss a visit to Vakif Eserleri Muzesi, where fascinating Turkish carpets and other crafts are presented. Most of the carpets on display were donated to mosques, while other exhibits include Ottoman manuscripts, fine wood-carves and tradional painted tiles.
Ankara might not have to show an equivalent to Hagia Sophia or the Blue Mosque, but Kocatepe Camii is still an imposing structure and a major place of worship for the locals. Although constructed relatively recently, during the 80s, it is one of the world’s largest mosques. Less impressive than Kocatepe Camii, Haci Bayram Camii bears a richer history, which dates back to the 13th century when the mosque was first erected. Dedicated to Haci Bayram Veli, an honourable and historic dervish, this mosque features fascinating tile works, which were added to the building during the 18th century. Dozens of religious shops are scattered around the mosque, where local pilgrims and visitors can buy traditional wooden toothbrushes.
Take a break from sight-seeing to enjoy a relaxing stroll at Ankara’s Botanical Gardens near Atakule, or spare some time at the tea gardens of Youth Park; however, keep in mind that single women should be very cautious when visiting Youth Park.
Coronavirus Turkey – Homophobia by Recep Tayyip Erdoğan and Ali Erbaş
The Turkish president strengthens the back of a homophobic cleric that indirectly makes homosexuals responsible for the corona pandemic.
ISTANBUL | Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan stood behind the head of the highest religious authority on Ankara, who caused a sensation at the opening of Ramadan with a hate sermon against gays and lesbians.
Homosexuality, fornication, the coexistence of men and women without being married – all this leads to the rotting of society and ultimately also to diseases and epidemics, Ali Erbaş claimed in an almost medieval-looking hate sermon last Friday.
Indirectly, he made gays and lesbians responsible for the corona epidemic in Turkey and as chairman of the state religious authority Dianet, Erbaş is the top Islam representative in Turkey.
In the main mosque in Ankara, Erbaş spoke about the dire consequences of homosexuality and fornication – in front of empty stands but in various television cameras – and urged all Muslims in the country to get together and protect their fellow human beings from such temptations of the devil.
In a statement, the Ankara Lawyers Association turned sharply against Ali Erbaş’s sermon and condemned the hatred of gays, lesbians and the entire LGBT community.
Investigation against the Law Association
A reaction to the criticism was not long in coming and the religious authority reported the bar association to the attorney general with the accusation, that the bar association made hate speeches against Islam.
In fact, the prosecutor’s office launched an investigation into the association, which is now accused of “publicly degrading religious values.”
On Monday evening, Erdoğan then intervened in the argument following a Corona cabinet meeting. “Ali Erbaş is completely correct,” he said. “Homosexuality is a grave sin for Islam and since Ali Erbaş is the head of the religious authority, an attack on him is therefore also an attack on the state”.
Antalya Coronavirus Covid-19 Update – Cases Quarantine Deaths Stats to Turkey
Located by the namesake gulf, Antalya has been standing at Turkey’s Mediterranean shore since 150 BC. Since the 70s tourist crowds flock the city as a gateway to enjoy the beautiful beaches of Turkish Riviera. However, Antalya’s rich historic inheritance features several interesting ancient, Roman and Ottoman sites, which make the city itself a popular travel destination throughout the year.
- I Weather in Antalya
- II Travel to Antalya
- III Getting around
- IV Transportation in Antalya
- V Things to see and do in Antalya
- VI Where to go next after Antalya
- VII Hotels in Antalya
Tourist facilities include all kinds of accommodation, from large all-inclusive resorts to stylish boutique hotels to basic room rentals. Intense nightlife is supported by dozens of hip bars and trendy clubs.
Having entered the scene in 150 BC as Attalia, named after its founder, Attalos II, king of Pergamon, Antalya has ever attracted a wide array of travellers, including Paul the Apostle, and Ibn Battuta among others. Antalya had replaced Phaselis—beautiful ruins of which now lie to south of the city, between Kemer and Olympos—as the main harbour of the surrounding region during the reign of Seljuks, in early 1200s, but the lack of a large hinterland (or, rather, lack of good connections with its mountainous hinterland) meant for much of its history eversince that it was a provincial coastal town, albeit with a multicultural community of Muslims, Christians, and Jews.
As the centre of a region with beautiful beaches, verdant mountains, and a mindblowing number of ancient ruins, the tourism investments started in 1970s, which changed the fate of the city considerably, however as most of the visitors (make no mistake—they are in the range of millions annually) to the region are actually on “all-inclusive” vacation packages nowadays, they are instantly taken from the airport to the huge resorts lining the coastline of hundreds of kilometres, where they stay until the end of their holidays except perhaps a raid or two to the nearest and the most popular attractions, so Antalya itself, mainly the old town (Kaleiçi), is more of an independent traveller destination, where you will meet the other travellers of a similar mind, and the locals.
Weather in Antalya
Around April, when you can perfectly get a suntan and the weather is much more bearable than summer months, is one of the best times to visit the city.
Travel to Antalya
Antalya is the closest airport, served by inexpensive flights from Istanbul (as low as US$50, early booking is also available for lower prices.)
Cheap Flights to Antalya
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Quite a few of the city’s points of interest are served by the local 10-stop tram. City-buses cover every corner of Antalya, while “dolmus”, Turkish shared taxis on fixed routes, are an efficient and fun way move around. Privet taxis are also widely available.
Being 10 kilometers from the city from Antalya, Antalya Airport (Havalimanlı) caters to the charter flights full of holiday makers. Airlines that serve Antalya include: Pegasus, Transavia.com (lowcost and charters from Netherlands, France and Denmark), AtlasJet (domestic flights), SunExpress (dozens of flights from all over Europe), Turkish Airlines (plenty of flights from Ankara and Istanbul-Atatürk), Aeroflot (daily flights from Moscow-Sheremetyevo), Ukraine International Airlines (several charter flights a week from Kiev). Britain is also represented by numerous charter firms such as Airtours.
A taxi ride between the airport and the city centre will set you back €15 (45 TL) during the day (March 2011). You may also prefer transfer companies in order to avoid any scam. Other, more wallet-friendly options for airport transportation include Havaş buses, which are less expensive and more frequent; they depart on the hour from “Güllük PTT” (10 TL).
There are public buses from the airport (line 600, “Terminal-Otogar”) which leave on the hour and cost 4 TL. Buses from the otogar run along Adnan Menderes Blv and Mevlana Cd (exact location of bus stops can be found on Google Maps).
To catch a public bus from the International Terminal you have to go to the domestic terminal (300 m, just turn right when you leave the International Terminal); there is a small blue “D” sign next to a larger ficus tree. There is another blue “D” sign next to the taxi stand in front of the International Terminal which won’t get you anywhere; waiting there usually attracts taxi drivers (telling you, truthfully, “There is no bus leaving here!”) offering a ride.Besides,you can make pre-booking antalya airport transfers by private taxi companies.
The AntRay tram connects the inner city with the airport. To the old town you have to leave at Ismetpasa. You can also continue direct to the bus station (Otogar). The price is 4 TL (2016).
Travel by bus to Antalya
Antalya’s huge bus terminal is located around 6 km north-west of the town center, but easily reached using the tram getting off at Otogar station, and walking about 10 minutes to the otogar. A taxi from the Kaleiçi to the otogar is about 40 TL (Nov 2017). The distance between the bus station and the tram stop is a bit far if you have lots of luggage and the signs seem to send you the long way round but due to the security perimeter there is no shorter way. Just before the faregates is a ticket office and staff usually speak English.
The Turkish bus system is comprehensive and you can get about anywhere from anywhere. Better spend a few more liras and you will have an unforgettable journey. Ulusoy has buses with seats that resemble business class in airplanes. There are also other bus companies, including Kamil Koç, Truva and Varan. Some companies have an onboard WLAN. Check otobusbileti displaying prices of bus tickets from Antalya to 81 cities in Turkey.
Fares are low. Simply show up at the bus station (otogar) and announce your destination.
There are regular buses destined for Antalya that run along the coastal roads and stop at tourist towns such as Kas and Fethiye, although the latter one is reached quicker (3½ hr instead of 5-6 hr) using a direct bus not along the coastal road.
From the bus station you can take a local bus or the Tram (Antray) to the city or the airport. There are signposts for the tram (saying either “Antray” or “Tramvay”), but it is quite some walk and the last part is through an underground walkway. Thankfully the ticket agent is accustomed to dealing with foreigners and getting a ticket for the Tram shouldn’t be too big a hurdle.
Travel by boat to Antalya
Most travellers arrive in Marmaris from Rhodes, Greece, then bus it overland. You can also take a ferry from Kastellorizo, a tiny Greek island just off the Turkish fishing village of Kas.
Travel by train to Antalya
Buses run from Antalya to Konya (300 km, 5 hours) to connect with YHT fast trains to Ankara (90 min), Eskisehir (90 min) and Istanbul Pendik (3 hr 30 min). Pendik is relatively convenient for Sabiha Gokcen airport (), but reaching central Istanbul takes another 90 minutes by metro and bus. So compared to bus all the way, bus and train is quicker to Ankara and about the same time to Istanbul. There are also connections to trains for other Turkish cities, such as Izmir, Kars and Adana. These are slow at the best of times and are disrupted by engineering work, at least until 2018: see Ankara page for details.
Transportation in Antalya
Antalya offers a variety of public transportation, such as public buses, trams, mini-buses, taxicabs and dolmuş.
By public transit
Single bus and tram fares are 2.75 TL (Nov 2017) but cannot be paid using cash. Fares are paid using the Antalyakart. There is a refillable plastic card, and a disposable paper card, available at kiosks along the AntRay tramway, at stores around the stations, or at specific AntRay counters (e.g., at the Otogar). If you’re unsure, just ask the helpful station guards. The refillable card gives you discounted fares of 2 TL. (April 2018)
Drivers on the Heritage Tramway sell the disposable Antalyakart for 12 TL (Nov 2017), which gives you four single rides, and which can be used by one or more people at a time.
The refillable plastic card provides discounted fares.
Antalya has two, disconnected light rail lines, one modern and one deliberately made to look old-fashioned although the stations of the heritage line near the old town are within a quick walk distance to those of the other.
The Heritage Tramway has been donated by the German city of Nuremberg and connects the western Konyaalti Beach and Antalya Museum to the eastern part of the town center. It runs every 30 min in either direction. This tramway can be used for sightseeing as it passes some beautiful places of the town center.
The AntRay tramway consists of one line, serving the route Fatih-Otogar-Muratpaşa-Ismetpaşa-Meydan every 15 min during the day (June 2015), and some trams continue to the airport (Havalimanlı) or to the Expo 2016 site. To get to the Kaleiçi or to the interconnection with the historic tram line, get off at Ismetpaşa station. To get to the bus terminal from the Kaleiçi, take the tram in the direction of Fatih, get off at Otogar, and follow the signs for 10 min. Check OpenStreeMap the location of tram lines and stops.
Travel by bus to Antalya
In Antalya, buses pass from anywhere to any destination in the city. Fares are low and most buses offer air-conditioning and TV even for short routes. To travel to remote places you may need to travel to the bus terminal first. The bus terminal has its own buses with distinctive blue stripes. Bus terminal to city to airport travel (Bus route 600, “Terminal-Otogar”) is possible every 30 min (2016).
You can look up the street names on Google maps which includes the location of bus stops.
Dolmuş literally means “filled up”. Dolmuş is a large cab, a station wagon, a regular taxi or a minibus that travels a certain route. Most major public transportation stations have a dolmuş station, where you just take a seat in the dolmuş that travels your desired route. In Antalya dolmuş does not wait until it fills up. Instead, it is scheduled, however if empty dolmuş will move slowly hoping to find more passenger. Still it has to abide its schedule and cannot stall much.
There are taxi stands all over the city where the drivers have their base and tea pot. Each taxi is metered and there are two different rates. For popular destinations there are price lists showing the rate in euro. A fair rate is about 2.4 TL per kilometer.
You can also negotiate with any taxi driver to be your private tour guide. You also have to pay the gas money. This option could be quiet expensive but if you have the money, it is worth it! There is an option to book a private taxi transfers from Antalya airport.
By car rental
Car rentals are available in the bus terminal, air port and town center. It is advised not to use car to reach town center (specially Cumhuriyet, Atatürk, Isiklar streets, Sarampol street and old city), as finding a car park and the way people drive (sometimes you feel like you are in the race tracks) might be difficult. Be sure to abide non-parking restrictions, the municipality is very strict about it. There are destination signs on roads to help travellers. Also most of the younger locals know English will be pleased to help about your destination. You can also obtain city map from tourist information desks in the town center.
Travel by bicycle in Antalya
Using bicycle in crowded roads might be dangerous and tiresome(mainly in summer as the temperature hits high 40s °C at noon (100-120°F), however there are a few bicycle-only roads passing beside the sea having incredible views.
Things to see and do in Antalya
Located only a stone’s throw away from the city centre, Antalya Museum is one of the top museums in the country. Covering an area of 30,000 square meters, it features 13 halls filled with treasures and artefacts from Stone Age to Byzantine times. Don’t miss the findings from ancient Lycia in the Hall of Regional Excavations and the ancient busts at Hall of Marble Portraits.
The old quarter of Antalya is known as Kaleici and is the city’s most scenic area, with beautifully restored Ottoman houses and picturesque alleys. Start exploring the ancient part of the city from Kale Kapisi Square, where you will see Saat Kalesi, an old stone clock tower. On the northern side of the square you will find the entrance to Iki Kapilar Hani, an atmospheric 15th-century roofed oriental bazaar.
Take Uzun Carsi Sokak, on Kale Kapisi’s southern side, to come across Tekeli Mehmet Pasa Camii, an 18th-century mosque with interesting colorful tile-works which feature fascinating arabic calligraphy. The Roman Gate of Hadrian stands at Hesapci Sokak from 130 AD. By the waterfront you will find the Roman Harbour, which had been Antalya’s main harbour until the 20th century and currently serves as a yacht marina. Stroll down the marina to gaze at local amateur fishermen, who bring their fishing rods here hopping to achieve a nice catch.
Occupying a traditional Ottoman mansion, Antalya’s Ethnography Museum features an excellent collection of local ceramics and a detailed display of typical Ottoman customs and rituals. Nearby Greek-orthodox church of St George is also worth a visit after going under major restoration in the past few years.
Finish your day at Kaleici with a relaxing stroll among lush greenery and colourful flowers at Karaalioglu Park, on the old quarter’s south-western border. Within the park’s grounds stands Hıdırlık Kalesi, a 14-meter high tower which is estimated to be an ancient lighthouse.
Yivli Minare is one of Antalya’s most well-recognized landmarks. Religious services still run at the mosque which is adjoined to the 13th-century fluted minaret, while an ancient dervish monastery, known as Mevlevi Tekke, is also included in Yivli’s grounds. Two medieval tombs are situated near the minaret.
Although most of south-western Turkey’s heavenly beaches are situated outside the city, nearby Konyaalti Beach is decent enough for a quick refreshing dip. Stretching for no less than 7 kilometers, the beach features hard dark sand and pebbles, but the waters are clear. The eastern end of the beach is occupied by Antalya Beach Park, where you can enjoy thrilling waterslides at AquaLand and swim among playful dolphins at DolphinLand, where dolphin and whale shows take place at frequent times. Other leisure facilities, such as golf and paintball, are also available within the park’s grounds.
Antalya is rich in history and art.
- The old quarter, Kaleiçi, has narrow, winding streets enclosed in ancient city walls, which now protect the peaceful quarter from the noise of the concrete metropolis of a million people. Although there are other entrances, it is best to enter and exit the old quarter from charming Hadrianus Gate, built by the Roman emperor Hadrianus as the entrance arch to the city.
- There’s a great archaeology museum and plenty of historic buildings and ancient ruins nearby.
Where to go next after Antalya
- Kemer to the south west is a touristic sea side region popular with the historical places, night life and hotels which is half an hour from Antalya city.
- Further south, Çıralı is a coastal town with several mid-range, quiet pansiyons to stay at, including Hotel Canada, with friendly gardens. The beach at Cirali is protected from development because sea turtles come onto shore every year to lay their eggs.
- The beach at nearby Olimpos is also a nice, pebble beach. Accommodations in Olimpos are more backpacker style, with treehouses mainly popular with younger travelers.
- Demre further west from Olympos, is the site of the St Nicolas Church, associated with the real Santa Claus (don’t miss the larger than life Santa Claus statue in town.) Also just outside Demre are Lycian rock tombs in the cliffsides.
- Kaş which is about 2 hours trip from Antalya can be another excellent choice for extended holiday if you decide to run away from the whole crowd.
- Kalkan is half an hour further west of Kas. A beautiful upmarket harbour town with cobbled streets and high quality restaurants. Nearby Patara has the best golden sand beach on the Mediterranean coast, and can be visited even if you are not staying there.
- The Antalya region has some of the finest Roman ruins in the country, including Perge and Aspendos, with the largest, most well preserved Roman theater anywhere.
- Belek to the east is popular with golf links and luxury hotels.
- Manavgat is about 1 hour to the east by car. It is home of the impressive Manavgat waterfalls, which has recently been modernised.
- Further east, Side is a nice coastal resort with some well-preserved Roman ruins.
- Alanya to the south east is a popular tourism destination 2 hours away.
- Termessos — the ruins of an ancient city in a gorgeous setting high over the Taurus Mountains inside pine forests
- Trains and buses arrive in the travel hub of Denizli. From there, dolmus take you the 10 miles or so to Pamukkale.
- During high season, buses run direct from tourist centers including Istanbul, Ankara, Fethiye, Bodrum, Marmaris and Selçuk.
- If you intend to head north by hitchhiking, take public minibuses #25 or #57 which stops at city bus stops near the otogar. These minibus lines take you to a highway junction with traffic lights out of city, situated amidst pine woods. This junction is not the last stop so be sure not to miss the stop situated there. Fare: 1.35 TL/person.
Hotels in Antalya
Hotels Antalya: Popularity
|Hotel||Stars||Discount||Price per night, from||Choose dates|
Delphin Diva Premiere
Royal Holiday Palace
Titanic Beach Lara
Miracle Resort Hotel
Aska Lara Resort & Spa Hotel
Lara Barut Collection-Ultra All Inclusive
Saturn Palace Resort
Adalya Elite Lara Hotel
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