Located in the south of England, Bristol is the largest city as well as the largest port called Bristol. It is the major city after London. Being an important growing city, Bristol houses the successful British Aerospace industry, Rolls-Royce and its ship-building industry.
Another central figure of the Bristol city is The Maritime Heritage Centre that adds more reputation to the city.
It is a excellent place to explore the west part of England and offers reasonably priced accommodation and transportation when compared to any other city in England.
Climate of Bristol
Among all other places, Bristol experiences the highest rainfall. From November to March the city experiences winter with cool sea breezes and other times the climate is moderate.
Geography of Bristol
Between Somerset and Gloucestershire on the River Avon lies the striking city of Bristol. The River Avon flows through the centre of Bristol and forms part of the arrangement of waterways that transformed Bristol into a great inland port. The city extends up to the Bristol Channel coast and includes Avonmouth. Clifton, Filton and Patch way are some minor cities surrounding Bristol.
History of Bristol
A new settlement emerged between the Rivers Avon and Frome, known as Brigstowe early in the Anglo-Saxon times. Slowly involving themselves in trade with Ireland and the ports of South Wales the settlement established itself as a fast growing one. Later in 18th century the city involved in the slave trade. Bristol saw the rebellion of social turmoil known as the Bristol Riots in 1831, which occurred as a response to unacceptable parliamentary reform.
Isambard Kingdom Brunel, the great Victorian engineer was the one who designed most of the places in Bristol including the Clifton Suspension Bridge, ‘the great iron ship’, ‘the SS Great Britain’ and ‘Temple Meads’ old station. His architectural genius flourished all over England and the city of Bristol was the most fortunate one to be designed in the hands of a great master architect.
In the late 1970s Bristol harbour side resurgence began with the opening of the Arnolfini. Then in the 1980s, the restoration of the miles of harbour side continued swiftly with the 1982 opening of the Watershed, which is also Britain’s first media centre. Bristol’s appearance as a major cultural centre is credited to these two developments. In 2000 Bristol centre was opened to the public.
Bristol’s city centre suffered stern damage in the new central area, near the bridge and castle during World War II bombings. The place still features two bombed out churches and some insignificant remains of the castle. But with the invention of Concorde at Filton, the city once again regained the power starting as a important post-war industrial centre and also with the emergence of the Rolls Royce, the city became widely popular thorough out the globe.
Transportation in Bristol
Bristol International Airport
About nine miles from the city centre of Bristol is the Bristol International Airport. The fight service is available to all major European cities like Amsterdam, Barcelona, Berlin, Brussels, Copenhagen, Edinburgh, Frankfurt, Glasgow, Paris and Prague.
Bristol Parkway Station
Bristol Parkway station is principally aimed at suburban residents.
Temple Meads Station
And the Temple Meads Station located in Bristol has regular inter-city and regional train services from Bath, Birmingham, Cardiff, Edinburgh, Exeter, Glasgow, London, Manchester, Plymouth, Southampton, Swansea and York.
Inland Travel in Bristol
Another easy means of travel is the Bristol Ferry Boat service which runs numerous ferry services around the harbour. It can be also used for sight seeing purposes. Stopping at various quays on route the boats also provide an excellent commuter service between the city centre of Bristol and the main railway station.
Clifton Suspension Bridge
The Clifton Suspension Bridge was designed by Isambard Kingdom Brunel, a famous engineer and designer. It was completed only after his death. This bridge stands as the most majestic landmark in Bristol.
Clifton Observatory and Caves Bristol
The Clifton Observatory and Caves houses the Camera Obscura itself which allows you to observe a panoramic outlook of the grassy spot in a straight line surrounding the observatory, and also of Clifton and the central area of Bristol.
SS Great Britain Bristol
Built by Brunel in the year 1843, it is the world’d first iron hulled, screw propeller-driven, steam-powered passenger liner which is now preserved in a dry dock near Bristol harbour.
St Mary’s Redcliffe Church Bristol
This is the most famous parish church in the city. It holds a spectacular architectural design and attracts a large number of tourists.
Bristol Industrial Museum
Located at one of the old harbour transit sheds, the Bristol Industrial Museum is a spectacular behind the times industrial museum that has a great collection of valuable working and static exhibits.
Ashton Court Bristol
One of the most astonishing estates in Bristol is the Ashton Court that is spread of about 850 acres of splendid park and peaceful woodland. It also captures a stunning view of the Bristol city.
At-Bristol is a collective name for the IMAX cinema, the Wildwalk and Explore science centres where many of the entertainment can be found.
Theatre Royal Bristol
Featuring many of the old Georgian style, the Theatre Royal in Bristol, one of the oldest surviving theaters in the city is popular among the people.
Festivals and Events
Lloyds TSB Harbour Regatta
It is an event in which hundreds of boats are displayed in the Lloyds TSB Harbour Regatta in Bristol that takes place every year in the month of July. Apart from the main event, there are things like musical performances, kid’s games, a reverse bungee jump and fireworks and many more to entertain the audience.
Bristol Community Festival Bristol
The Bristol Community Festival is very interesting to watch and takes place during July of every year at Ashton Court Estate. The event includes things like performing arts, comedy show, bungee jumping and children’s entertainment games and shows.
Bristol Balloon Fiesta
The Bristol Balloon Fiesta is a spectacular event that houses exciting hot air balloon enthusiasts participating with great interest from all over the world.
Glastonbury Festival Bristol
This is another beautiful occasion to enjoy the day. The Glastonbury Festival is held in Glastonbury. With fascinating dance, music, comedy and circus the festival is celebrated grandly and is participated by a large number of people.
Royal West of England Academy Autumn Exhibition
It is the most prestigious exhibition taking place in Bristol which began in the year 1884 and consisting of Bristol’s fine art gallery having countless collections from great artists. And it is also one the six royal art academies in the UK.
Brief Encounters Bristol
It is a grand festival conducted in Bristol every year for inspiring new artists for their participation in short films etc. Presentation and lectures are also given by the best in the industry as it would encourage people who are interested in film making to get to more heights.
Animated Encounters Bristol
Taking place at Watershed in Bristol, this animation event is highly entertaining and is a real treat for the visitors. The event displays world’s best animation that is screened for almost three days.
Stirling Coronavirus (COVID-19) Scotland Travel Report
Situated at the very heart of Scotland is the vintage capital of Scotland known as Stirling, the county town of Stirlingshire. The name is derived from the Scottish Gaelic term “Sruighlea”. Stirling is very historical in its setting.
It is here that the patriot, Sir William Wallace and King Robert the Bruce who led the legendary Battle of Bannockburn were commemorated. Stirling is also Scotland’s youngest city approaching the status of city in the summer of 2002. Before that, it was only recognized as a Royal Burgh.
Stirling is a beautiful place where tourist’s can explore and experience hundreds of years of rich Scottish history. Stirling is also now the modern tourism, administrative and manufacturing centre. Stirling had been a witness to gory murders, very long sieges and bloody battles and Scotland’s long conflict with England, taking place at the Stirling Bridge and at the nearby village of Bannockburn. But now it is a silent and lovely location that attracts thousands of visitors.
The first castle was built on top of the 250 ft. crag in the 11th century by Alexander I. William Wallace led his distinguished, triumph in the Battle of Stirling Bridge in 1297 and the victorious Battle of Bannockburn was commanded by King Robert the Bruce in 1314.
Stirling castle witnessed the crowning of Mary, the Queen of the Scots in 1543. For most of the 18th century Stirling was a fairly small market town with a population of around 4,000 and it was still a minor inland port. The University of Stirling that was opened in the year 1967 is at the Greenfield site just outside Stirling which has now developed into a major research centre, quartering students from nearly 80 nations. Stirling was given the status of a city in 2002 as part of Queen Elizabeth’s Golden Jubilee to the throne.
Climate and Weather
Stirling has a comfortable atmosphere. Like most cities in Scotland, you cannot anticipate the correct weather of Stirling for all times. Chances are that the rain is streaming down and a few minutes thereafter the sun is shining away. April to September is the better time to visit Stirling, and if you are coming here over the winter, you are alerted to pack your luggage with clothes that keep you hot. Stirling is established among the firths of Clyde and Forth.
To the north of Stirling are the Trossachs and the starting of the Scottish Highlands and to the south are the central Lowlands and the Forth estuary. To the west the maritime influence of the Atlantic Ocean and to the east the continental influence of Europe. Stirling has a population of just 46,000. Ethnic minorities make up less than 1% of the population and are mainly from Pakistan and China.
The foremost way to visit Stirling is by train from Glasgow’s Queen St. or a bus from Buchanan Bus Station. The Train Station of Stirling is set right in the central of Stirling, where all the major sights are only a few minutes away. Trains departs more frequent but takes longer then a bus due to the coverage of many locations. Stirling is also easily reachable by car from either Glasgow or Edinburgh.
From Edinburgh you can visit Stirling by bus, which runs every hour, going from the bus station at St Andrew Square. From Waverley Station in Edinburgh a train also departs for Stirling every 30 minutes. From Glasgow, buses also depart hourly and take about 45 minutes to reach Stirling.
Bannockburn Heritage Centre
The Bannockburn Heritage Centre in Stirling features an exhibition of the period from the Battle of Bannockburn, and the audio-visual presentation. It offers a great insight into the history of Robert the Bruce and William Wallace.
The Callendar House of Stirling introduces you to 600 years of Scotland’s chronology from medieval times to the twentieth century. Features the awesome painted ceiling of the Cromwell Stair, the astonishing Morning Room and Drawing Room. This is a must-see spot for everyone.
Regimental Museum, the Argyll & Sutherland Highlanders
The Regimental Museum in Stirling exhibits military artefacts from all the major episodes in the Regiment’s history of the Argyll & Sutherland Highlanders. It additionally displays a magnificent collection of silver medals and paintings. There are many grand historical collections.
Kilmahog Woolen Mill
The Kilmahog Woolen Mill in Stirling is a 250 year old mill from Scotland’s textile and industrial heritage complete with original water wheel.
National Wallace Monument
The National Wallace Monument features a recreation of Wallace’s trial in Westminster Hall.
The Castle of Stirling
The Stirling Castle hallmarks the Great Hall and the Gatehouse of James IV, the exceptional Palace of James V, the Chapel Royal of James VI and the artillery fortifications of the 16th to 18th centuries; it is one of the finest of all Scottish castles and an important one too.
Smith Art Gallery and Museum
The Stirling Smith Art Gallery and Museum is the focus for Scottish history accumulations, fine art and archaeology.
SS Sir Walter Scott
The SS Sir Walter Scott is a passenger service on the sheltered waters of Loch Katrine and is the last screw-driven steamship in service on Scotland’s inland waters.
The Deer Park of Glengoulandie
It is another most interesting location in Stirling. The Glengoulandie Deer Park has a fine herd of deers, features highland cattle, geese both wild and tame, mallard and Muscovy ducks, rare breeds of sheep and goats.
Church of the Holy Rude
The original parish Kirk of Stirling, used for the coronation in 1567 of James VI, it features the largest pipe organ in Scotland, built by Rushworth & Dreaper in 1940.
London Coronavirus Covid-19 Travel alerts outbreak England
London is the capital of the United Kingdom which is by far the largest city within Europe with a total population of about eight million. About two hundred dialects are spoken in London and many who are residing there belong to 1st, 2nd or 3rd-generation migrants from former British colonies. London actually is the most visited and most admired city in the world for its modernity as well as for its ancient beauty. Georgian squares, the lean alley’s, the excursions at the Thames and the small historical villages are some of the locations that attract tourists.
Shopping in London is excellent as it offers everything at the same time it is expensive too. The city offers world class products and has a range of things for everyone. Central London has everything like theatres and restaurants and many beautiful attractions are placed there.
The sizzling River Thames divides the city into northern and southern parts and is one of the loveliest rivers in Europe. The city offers a variety of entertainment to the visitors and they can enjoy everything. Kensington and Belgravia situated in the western part of London are normally expensive.
Islington and Camden Town are located in the Northern part of the city and are inner-city suburbs representing the social scene with dynamism. East London is an area of great variety for it has a blended culture like Bengali Brick Lane, modern Shoreditch, and the advanced Docklands area containing Canary Wharf. And if you are lacking concentration in culture and history, South London will amass your eyes and mind. It has booming multi-cultural setting that only London can offer in Europe.
Climate and Weather
London can be accessed at anytime during the whole year since the weather is not very high. The summers are warm but seldom hot, the winters are cool but infrequently severe. The temperature during summer intermittently rises above 33 degree Celsius, though higher temperatures have become more habitual recently due to global warnings. Apparently you can plan your visit to London during any time of the whole year, but of course, your health conditions should suit such temperate conditions.
Transportation within London
Airlines are frequent and railways are also opted by many to visit London. Both these services are excellent and are not at all a problem for travellers.
Being one the growing visited cities in the world, London is aided by four major airports.
Though the city is little bit confusing to move around, as we get used to the place it becomes easier and interesting. There are three main modes of public transport in London. They are
* Taxi cab
Underground means of travel is the busiest way to travel in London. Many use this mode for their daily purpose and it is easier to move when we are through of our train routes.
London is famous for its double- decker buses. It is a fine way of travelling to catch a glimpse of the exciting and stunning city. Many companies offer sight seeing facility and in this way travellers can enjoy the city in a comfortable manner.
Another super feature of the London transport is the city taxis. They are expensive but excellent means of travel. If you are in a hurry the best way to reach your destination soon is by taking one of these.
Places of Attraction in London
The city has many attractions to offer and here is a list that contains almost all the major attractions of the city.
House of Parliament
The House of Parliament is one of the most renowned buildings and attractions in London is the Palace of Westminster, with Victoria Tower to the left, and the Clock Tower, comprehended as Big Ben to the right, is the home to the House of Parliament. It is an essential sight for the visitors to visit.
The best in the world is the London Aquarium which features tons of varieties form the sea. Containing almost everything we can see here some rare creatures from the deep world. Another out-standing feature of this aquarium is that it contains entertainment and education for everyone.
As a prime symbol of majesty and grandeur of British, the Buckingham Palace is again a spectacular attraction. Thousands of tourists come here and get amazed looking at the brilliant and breathtaking sight. Some of its attracting features are the Throne Room, the Picture Gallery and State Dining Room. If you are looking for a hotel near Buckingham Palace, you can stay at the Thistle Westminster Hotel.
The Zoo is one of the world’s most famous zoos and is home to over 12,000 animals. African Lions and Sloth Bears to giant Seychelles Millipedes everything can be seen here.
Madame Tussaud’s Waxwork Museum
This wax museum is a very interesting place to visit. It contains brilliant and astounding life-size figures of world-famous persons and are exhibited grandly. This place would certainly pull up our concentration and entertain us for sure.
London’s Football Teams
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Aberdeen Coronavirus (COVID-19) Scotland Travel Report
Next to Glasgow and Edinburgh, the third largest city in Scotland is Aberdeen which is situated in the county of Aberdeenshire. Popularly known as the ‘Oil Capital of Europe’ for its supply of crude oil from the North Sea it deserves the status Offshore Capital of Europe and thus becomes the main seaport in the north-east of Scotland. The name Aberdeen is derived from Scottish Gaelic: ‘Obar Dheathain’.
The Master Design of Aberdeen
Most parts of Aberdeen were designed by the native architect, Archibald Simpson using the locally found granite material. He was a master architect and brought out his plans in never before used architectural techniques. And thus the city is termed as “The Granite City” following the architectural style of the great architect, Archibald Simpson. The beauty of the grey material used by the architect can be clearly seen in major buildings and important places like the parks, gardens and so on.
Statistics of Aberdeen
Normally, the average overall temperature is recorded as 7.9 degree Celsius and rainfall is 710 mm per year in Aberdeen. The North Sea is responsible for major climate changes that occur in the city. Aberdeen is located on a bay of the North Sea, between the mouths of the rivers Don and Dee, 120 miles northeast of Edinburgh – which extends to 71.22sqm2 and includes the former burghs of Old Aberdeen, New Aberdeen and Woodside.
The district of Torry is located in the south of the Dee. The original settlement, often referred to as Aberdon, lay at the northern end of today’s Aberdeen, on the south bank of the River Don. The city has a total population of about 220,000 in which the ethnic groups include English 81.5%, Scottish 9.6%, Irish 2.4%, Welsh 1.9%, Ulster 1.8%, West Indian, Indian, Pakistani, and other 2.8%.
History of Aberdeen
The new city of Aberdeen was founded by David I in 1136. It was built to the north of River Dee on top of an existing remains of an older settlement. The city developed soon and became the largest city in Scotland after Edinburgh in 1639. Though the growth of the city was rapid it had its bad time too when it fell under two major fire accidents during 1200 which destroyed the major part of the city.
Around 1300 the city became an important wool exporting port and had established steady trading links with Germany and the Baltic. The development of the city was mainly because of the wool export and slowly because of it famous shipyards were built and thousands of people from various corners of the world came to the city and filled it with glory and riches. Thus Aberdeen became a popular place. And many changes took place as for example through the Industrial Revolution, sail boats gave way to steam and the boatyards of Aberdeen adapted to the change. Slowly, institutions started to emerge and education began to flourish and as a result many university buildings were built in Europe such as the King’s College in the year 1495 and many in number following it.
Great improvements were taking place during the 19th century and there was a large expansion in the population reaching 153,000. Important harbours like Victoria Dock, the South Breakwater and the extension to the North Pier were constructed and can still be seen. The city was fully supplied excellent street light facility in the year 1824 and easy water facility was created by pumping water from the Dee to a reservoir in Union Place. With all these history behind, Aberdeen now glitters as a modern city with marvelous granite buildings, gardens and parks, top educational institutions and the same old all time busy harbour.
Transport Facility in Aberdeen
About 7 miles from the city centre in Dyce is the Aberdeen International Airport which offers ample service of domestic and international flights such as British Airways, BMI and Easyjet. Next to the Harbor and Bus Station is the Aberdeen Station that connects major places of the city starting from South via Perth and North to Elgin.
Places to visit in Aberdeen
Aberdeen Art Gallery
The Aberdeen Art Gallery was opened in the year 1885 which displays various collections of brilliant art works starting from Modern Art to extraordinary paintings by the Impressionists and the Scottish Colorists. And other things that include are some contemporary craft and decorative art. The gallery is an excellent place for people who are interested in art forms.
Provost Ross House
Built in 1593, the Provost Ross’ House located in Aberdeen is the rebuilt and redeveloped landmark that houses the Aberdeen Maritime Museum. It was built by Andrew Jamieson.
James Dun’s House
This beautiful house dates back to 1769 which was the residence of James Dun, the rector of the Old Grammar School. Now it is a museum for temporary exhibitions.
Aden’s Country Park
With almost 230 acres of surrounding, the Aden’s Country Park situated on the Buchan Estate is a remarkable site for the tourists. It dates back to 18th century and still remains an attracting place offering beautiful woodland trails and bridleways, splendid lawns, the ruins of a great mansion, a garden and many more.
King’s College Conference Centre
It is located in the former University Library, adjacent to King’s College Chapel, in Old Aberdeen. The fine east window in the auditorium and the barrel vaulted ceiling which have been carefully preserved are the unique features of the conference centre.
Provost Skene’s House
Built around 1545 in Aberdeen, the Provost Skene’s House is a fine example of early burgh design. It consists of a superb paint gallery, the costume gallery and also the cellar that provides light eatables. The house displays rare religious paintings, and a vast collection of coins from the ancient times and also some archaeological gathering.
This grand castle was built by the Earl of Mar in 1628 and later on was used by Hanovarian troops after the Jacobite Rising in 1745. The Farquharsons of Invercauld who later occupied the castle made it their residence.
The Doonies Farm located in Aberdeen holds the largest collection of rare and endangered breeds of farm animals in Scotland. There are of about twenty three rare breeds of animals preserved and some of them include horses, cattle, sheep, pigs, goats and poultry.
The Northeast Falconry Visitor Center
It is a place for seeing flying demonstrations of birds including falcons, owls and eagles. It is located in a beautiful area and is an awesome sight for the visitors. The centre also includes a lovely cafe and a gift shop.
Marischal College Aberdeen
The Marischal College Aberdeen is actually a venue for theatre and premier arts performance. Every year it conducts a incredible Traditional music festival called ‘Rootin’ Aboot’ to which many people gather and enjoy the entertainment and also feel comfortable eating in the attached restaurant.
Festivals in Aberdeen
Aberdeen International Youth Festival
The Aberdeen International Youth Festival is one of the esteemed celebrations of the city. It is celebrated during the month of August to which almost thousand people from all over the major place join here in Aberdeen to enjoy the festival.
Aberdeen Jazz Festival
The Aberdeen Jazz Festival is the greatest festival that attracts musicians from all over the world. It is celebrated during the month of March.
Including things like music, dance and creativity taken from all over the globe this festival is especially a grand celebration in the city. Particularly belly dancing, henna painting, tabla drumming are major events in the celebration.
Aberdeen Highland Games
Conducted in June, The Aberdeen Highland Games is one of the most entertaining events in the city which is loaded with events and competitions showcasing the skills of sportspeople, dancers and musicians from all over Scotland. Some of the major events that take place are caber tossing, hammer-hurling, shot-putting. These games are more thrilling and entertaining both for the players and the spectators.
Devron Festival Aberdeen
Another major festival that attracts a majority of crowd is the Devron Festival that takes place during the month of June. The festival includes a musical firework with a stirring programme of events. At last, the festival breaks with splendorous fire work bursting right after the gala concert.
The Spirit of Speyside Whiskey Festival
Another interesting festival of the city is the Spirit of Speyside, a wonderful whiskey festival packed with many entertaining events.