Market in Jilin CityIn the northeastern part of the People’s Republic of China is the province of Jilin.
Jilin Province is bordered by Liaoning Province, North Korea and Russia to the east, the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region to the West and the Province of Heilongjiang to the north.
Jilin (吉林, Jílín） Province forms the central part of northeast China and is part of what was once known as Manchuria. Jilin borders Heilongjiang Province to the northeast Russia to the east, North Korea to the southeast, Liaoning to the southwest and Inner Mongolia to the northwest.
Table of Contents
Geography of Jilin
The Baiyun Mountain is the highest peak in the Province of Jilin at 2691m. Jilinhada, Longgang and Zhang Guangcai are the other mountain ranges in Jilin.
The river Yalu and Tumen flowing in the southwest of Jilin Province and the river acts as a border to North Korea.
Siping, Jilin City, Baicheng City, Changchun Songyuan, Yanji, Tonghua and Liaoyuan are the other important cities of Province of Jilin.
Climate of Jilin
The continental monsoon climate has an average rainfall of 350 to 1000mm in Jilin and the province has at times harsh winters.
Economy of Jilin
Jilin is basically an agri province that produces maize, rice and sorghum. In the Yanbian prefecture rice cultivation is a major source of income. West Jilin is well known for sheep herding.
Some of the major industry in the Province of Jilin is Automobiles, Train carriages and iron alloy industries.
Jilin, with a nominal GDP of 522.6 billion Yuan was ranked 22nd in the People’s Republic of China for the year 2007 and it had a per capital income of 19,168 Yuan.
Major Touristic Attractions in Jilin
Visitors should visit the Wandu, Gungnae Fortress, the Goguryeo sites and tombs and the Pyramidal General’s tomb which are part of the UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Popular tourist destination for natural scenery is the Baekdu Mountain with Lake Heaven sharing borders with North Korea.
If you enough time, you should travel to the Yanbian Korean Autonomous Prefecture that houses the ancient royal tombs of the Balhae Kingdom, that include tombs at the Longtou Mountain such as of the Princess Zhen Xiao’s at a Mausoleum.
JiLin province, which is in the central part of northeast China, plays an important role in researching the origin of prehistoric jades and cultural exchange in this area. And the name derives from building Jilin Wu La City at the beginning of the Imperial China (Ji for short), and the provincial capital is Changchun City. It is 607 km from north to south and 770 km from east to west. It accounts for 2% of the national area. Jilin province is a multi-ethnic province, like Korean, Manchu, Mongolian, Hui, Xibe and so on. The climate belongs to the warm temperate zone continental monsoon climate, the four seasons is distinct, with hot rainy season, excellent surroundings, temperature being suitable.
Chinese phrasebook and Korean phrasebook are spoken widely in this region. Especially in Yanji City, most of people can speak Chinese Mandarin and Korean.
Jilin province has two public airports, Yanji Airport () and Changchun Longjia International Airport (长春龙嘉国际机场) (). Each receives domestic flights as well as international flights from Seoul in South Korea. Changchun also has a route to Tokyo, Japan. Changchun City is 31 km, and Jilin City is 71 km form Changchun Longjia International Airport.
Taxis are by far the best way to get around. They are cheap but you should have a piece of paper with the address in case you do not speak Mandarin. Taxi fares start at ¥5 up to 2.5 km (some cities will need to plus a mandatory ¥1 fuel surtax), after that ¥1.30/.5 km or ¥1/700 m. Several taxi companies are serving the city and they will not try to cheat you. It is common for drivers to pick up other passengers who might be going in the same direction if there are unused seats.
However, in case driver is taking you in circles – in this case complain for example at the hotel drop-off point. The staff there normally will support you in such cases. For other cases simply pay not more than shown on the meter. In general: Make sure you know the name of the places you are going to in Mandarin or have a paper with the Chinese address with you.
From April to October, it is a decent walking city, as the weather is fine. During the winter months temperatures are too cold to walk longer distances in Changchun, so other forms of transport should be considered.
By light rail
Changchun light rail (轻轨; qīngguǐ) Line 3 goes from the west side of the train station (长春站) to Changying Movie Wonderland (长影世纪城). It travels past Changchun University (长春大学) approximately half-way along the route, and takes 63 minutes to complete the entire journey. A ticket, purchased at any light rail station, costs ¥1-4 each way, based on the distance traveled. Operates 6AM-9PM daily.
A south-north route (Line 4) runs on Linhe Street. Its northern terminal is the New North Railroad Station and its southern terminal is the government center at CheChang.
Free transfer between Lines 3 and 4 can be had at the LinheJie (Line 3) and WeixingLu (Line 4) stations.
Bus system is cheap and convenient, and most of the buses in the urban area charge only ¥1 no matter where you go. An extensive bus network and most of the buses cost ¥1, however, those who can not read Chinese will find it nearly impossible to use the network.
Travel by minivan in Jilin
In Changchun and Yanji, if you are in need of an adrenaline rush, look no further than one of the minibuses that tear around the city streets. Some places out in the suburbs are only serviced by such buses, and the fare is usually ¥1-2.
Travel by bicycle in Jilin
Travelers should be cautious of bicycling. For the winter months it is generally too cold and during the summer months, too dangerous. Unlike other big cities in China, some cities like Changchun, Baicheng and so on do not separate cycle lanes from the main traffic, which leads to buses, taxis, cars, and motorcycles sharing the same space as the cyclists. The whole situation is dangerous and this is perhaps the reason why by Chinese standards there are few people who regularly cycle here.
If you want to bike around, it is recommended that you follow closely behind one of the local people on cargo-bike, merchant-bike, or donkey. There are off times during the day when biking would be less challenging. Drivers are not overly aggressive towards bikers.